Efektivitas Biblioterapi Kelompok untuk Menurunkan Agresivitas Siswa Sekolah Dasar

Fikri Tahta Nurul Fiqih, Annita Wahyuningtyas, Abid Abdi Aziz, Erni Agustina Setiowati

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas biblioterapi kelompok dalam menurunkan agresivitas pada siswa sekolah dasar. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen dengan desain Pretest-Postest Control Group Desain. Sampel dipilih berdasarkan hasil seleksi menggunakan skala agresivitas. Penempatan kelompok eksperimen menggunakan randomisasi. Sebanyak 18 siswa sebagai kelompok eksperimen dan 18 siswa sebagai kelompok kontrol. Alat ukur yang digunakan untuk pretest dan post test adalah skala agresivitas yang terdiri dari 55 pernyataan. Biblioterapi dilaksanakan sebanyak 7 sesi dengan menggunakan naskah-naskah cerita yang telah mendapat penilaian kelayakan dari Psikolog. Hasil analisis data menggunakan uji F menghasilkan perbedaan agresivitas yang signifikan antara gainscore kelompok eksperimen dan kontrol. Selain itu terdapat perbedaan agresivitas yang signifikan pada kelompok eksperimen sebelum dan sesudah intervensi, sedangkan pada kelompok control tidak ada perbedaan agresivitas yang signifikan antara pretest dan post test. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa biblioterapi kelompok dapat menurunkan agresivitas siswa.

 

This study aims to determine the effectiveness of bibliotherapy in reducing aggressiveness in elementary students. This study used an experimental method with the pretest-posttest control group design. The sample is chosen based on the results of the selection using an aggressiveness scale. Placement of the experimental group using randomization. A total of 18 students as the experimental group and 18 students as a control group. The measuring instrument used for the pretest and post-test is an aggressiveness scale consisting of 55 statements. Bibliotherapy was carried out as many as seven sessions using story scripts that had received a feasibility assessment from a Psychologist. The results of data analysis using the F test produced a significant difference in aggressiveness between the gain score of the experimental and control groups. The results showed that there were substantial differences in aggressiveness in the experimental group before and after the intervention. Whereas, in the control group, there was no significant difference in aggressiveness between the pretest and post-test. It can be concluded that bibliotherapy effectively reduces student aggressiveness.


Keywords


Agressiveness, group bibliotherapy, elementary student.

References


AD, Y., & Megalia, M. (2016). Pengaruh Konseling Cognitif Behavior Therapy (CBT) dengan Teknik Self Control untuk Mengurangi Perilaku Agresif Peserta Didik Kelas VIII di SMPN 9 Bandar Lampung Tahun Pelajaran 2016/2017. KONSELI: Jurnal Bimbingan Dan Konseling (E-Journal), 3(2), 126–140.

Baron, R. A., & Byrne, D. (2004). Psikologi Sosial (10th ed.; R. Djuwita, Ed.). Jakarta: Erlangga.

Cavell, T. A. (2000). Working with parents of aggressive children: A practitioner’s guide. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10372-000

Chung, Y. S., & Kwon, J. H. (2008). The efficacy of bibliotherapy for social phobia. Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention, 8(4), 390–401. https://doi.org/10.1093/brief-treatment/mhp001

Cook, K. E., Earles-Vollrath, T., & Ganz, J. B. (2006). Bibliotherapy. Intervention in School and Clinic, 42(2), 91–100. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1177/10534512060420020801

Cronje, K. B. (1993). Bibliotherapy In Seventh-Day Adventist Education: Using The Information Media For Character Development. Institute for Christian Teaching Education Department of Seventh-Day Adventists, 53(9), 49–66. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Gregory, K. E., & Vessey, J. A. (2004). Bibliotherapy: a strategy to help students with bullying. The Journal of School Nursing : The Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses, 20(3), 127–133. https://doi.org/10.1177/10598405040200030201

Harper, E. (2011). Bibliotherapy intervention exposure and level of emotional awareness among students with emotional and behavioral disorders. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 71(7-A), 2343. Retrieved from http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&res_dat=xri:pqdiss&rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:3414131%5Cnhttp://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=reference&D=psyc8&NEWS=N&AN=2011-99010-265

Heath, M. A., Leavy, D., Hansen, K., Ryan, K., Lawrence, L., & Gerritsen Sonntag, A. (2008). Coping with grief: Guidelines and resources for assisting children. Intervention in School and Clinic, 43(5), 259–269. https://doi.org/10.1177/1053451208314493

Heath, M. A., Sheen, D., Leavy, D., Young, E., & Money, K. (2005). Bibliotherapy: A resource to facilitate emotional healing and growth. School Psychology International, 26(5), 563–580. https://doi.org/10.1177/0143034305060792

Ige, E. P. (2016). Kronologi tawuran bocah SD bersenjata tajam. Retrieved November 25, 2016, from liputan6.com website: https://www.liputan6.com/regional/read/2661828/kronologi-tawuran-bocah-sd-bersenjata-tajam

Jack, S. J., & Ronan, K. R. (2008). Bibliotherapy: Practice and research. School Psychology International, 29(2), 161–182. https://doi.org/10.1177/0143034308090058

Mihalas, S., Morse, W. C., Allsopp, D. H., & Alvarez McHatton, P. (2009). Cultivating caring relationships between teachers and secondary students with emotional and behavioral disorders: Implications for research and practice. Remedial and Special Education, 30(2), 108–125. https://doi.org/10.1177/0741932508315950

Puspitasari, D. A. (2011). Pengaruh biblioterapi afektif untuk menurunkan agresivitas siswa kelas empat. Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Regan, K., & Page, P. (2008). “Character” Building: Using Literature to Connect with Youth. Reclaiming Children and Youth, 16(4), 37–43.

Setiowati, E. A. (2011). Mengembangkan ketrampilan sosial dan mengelola emosi bagi anak melalui biblioterapi. 19–27. Semarang: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Psikologi (SEMPSI).

Setiowati, E. A., Suprihatin, T., & Rohmatun. (2017). Gambaran Agresivitas Anak dan Remaja di Area Beresiko. Jurnal Psikologi, 170–179. Semarang: Prosiding temu ilmiah X ikatan psikologi perkembangan indonesia.

Setiowati, E. A., & Wimbarti, S. (2014). The Effect of Group Bibliotherapy in Reducing Social Anxiety of Gifted and Talented Adolescents. Anima, Indonesian Psychological Journal, 29(4), 207–220.

Shechtman, Z. (1999). Bibliotherapy: An indirect approach to treatment of childhood aggression. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 30(1), 39–53.

Shechtman, Z. (2009). Treating Child and Adolescent Aggression Through Bibliotherapy. In Springer. New York: Springer.

Swart, M. H. G. (1984). School media center: Media use in schools. Pretoria: Transvaal School Media Association.

Syahadat, Y. M. (2013). Pelatihan Regulasi Emosi Untuk Menurunkan Perilaku Agresif Pada Anak. Humanitas, 10(1), 19–36. https://doi.org/10.26555/humanitas.v10i1.326

Tentama, F. (2013). Perilaku Anak Agresif: Asesmen Dan Intervensinya. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), 6(2). https://doi.org/10.12928/kesmas.v6i2.1057

Warsudi, A. (2017). Perkelahian bocah SD di sukabumi berujung maut, polisi tidak tahan pelaku. Retrieved from sindonews.com website: https://daerah.sindonews.com/read/1228666/21/perkelahian-bocah-sd-di-sukabumi-berujung-maut-polisi-tidak-tahan-pelaku-1502264208


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.15294/intuisi.v12i1.23460

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.