Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Picture and Picture Berbasis Keanekaragaman Hayati Dalam Pembentukan Empati Anak Usia Dini

Henny Puji Astuti, Agustinus Arum Eka Nugroho, Noer Azizah Rosita Dewi

Abstract


Data awal menunjukkan bahwa masih terdapat anak usia dini yang belum menunjukkan perilaku yang mengarah pada empati terhadap orang lain, sementara perilaku empati ini sangat penting untuk membina kehidupan sosial. Keberadaan binatang dan tumbuhan akan menjadi objek yang menyenangkan bagi anak sebagai pengenalan karakter dan penyampaian pesan.Anak tersebut meniru perilaku teman maupun perilaku yang sudah dibawa dari rumah. Salah satu upaya untuk mengembangkan kemampuan empati anak usia dini adalah melalui penerapan model pembelajaran picture and picture berbasis keanekaragaman hayati. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan fakta dan menjelaskan tentang perbedaan kemampuan empati anak usia dini berdasarkan pada penerapan model pembelajaran picture and picture berbasis keanekaragaman hayati. Hipotesis dalam penelitian ini adalah terdapat perbedaan kemampuan empati pada 41 anak usia dini ditinjau dari penerapan model pembelajaran picture and picture berbasis keanekaragaman hayati. Subjek penelitian menggunakan anak usia dini di TKB. Teknik sampling menggunakan sampel jenuh. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan Skala Empati Anak Usia Dini, serta analisis data menggunakan Independent Samples t-Test. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah terdapat perbedaan kemampuan empati anak usia dini melalui penerapan model pembelajaran picture and picture berbasis keanekaragaman hayati, t=2,310 dengan taraf signifikansi 0,026. Kemampuan empati anak usia dini kelompok eksperimen lebih tinggi daripada kelompok kontrol.

Preliminary data showed that there are still young children who have not behaved that lead to empathy for others, while empathy behavior is very important to foster social relationships. The existence of animals and plants is a pleasant object for children and a means of character recognition and delivery of messages. Such as children imitate the behaviour of friends or behaviour that occurs at home. Efforts to improve children‟s application of picture and picture models. This study aims to prove and explain the differences in early childhood empathy abilities by using biodiversity based picture and picture learning model. The hypothesis of this study is that there is difference in early childhood empathy through biodiversity based picture and picture learning method. Research subjects used 41 early childhood from kindergarten group B. Sampling technique using saturated samples. The data collection method uses early childhood emphaty scales, while data analysis uses independent sample t-test. The result of the analysis showed that there was a difference in the ability of emphaty for early childhood through the application of a biodiversity picture and picture learning model, t=2.310, with a significance probability of 0.026. Emphaty ability of the early age experimental group was higher than the control group.


Keywords


emphaty, children, picture.

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DOI: 10.15294/intuisi.v12i1.23573

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