Analysis of Pedestrian Travel Demand for Bus Trans Semarang through 3D Method (Density, Diversity, Design)

Anita Ratnasari Rakhmatulloh, Diah Intan Kusumo Dewi, Dinar Mutiara Kusumo Nugraheni


The growing number of private transportation ownership from year to year creates congestion problems, especially in urban areas. Public transportation conditions such as the Rapid Transit Bus (BRT) are an alternative way to use transportation. BRT Trans Semarang Corridor 1 is the busiest public transportation route in Semarang City that stretches from Mangkang Terminal to Penggaron Terminal. About 50% of the passengers of BRT Trans Semarang Corridor 1 chose to walk to and from the bus stops. However, in reality, currently, the conditions of the pedestrian paths are less than optimal in creating pedestrian comfort, and the integration system is still minimal with various modes. The purpose of this study is to identify a travel demand model suitable for pedestrian BRT Trans Semarang Corridor 1 passenger using the new urbanism 3D approach (Density, Diversity, Design). Where the data collection for analysis needs using naturalistic observation techniques by looking at the condition of the object of research in a more real way directly to the field. Density analysis used descriptive statistical analysis methods and simulated interpolation of population and building density data using the ArcGIS 10.3 application to generate pedestrian demand for their environmental density. In analyzing diversity using the land-use distribution simulation method with ArcGIS 10.3 and FAR (Floor Area Ratio) analysis using the 2016 Sketchup simulation. Compile a pedestrian path model recommendation under pedestrian demand.


Density, Diversity, Design, BRT Trans Semarang, Pedestrian.

Full Text:



J. Drouilles, L. Sophie, & R. Emmanuel, "Peri-Urban Residential Neighbourhoods at The Margins of Current Trends in Urban Growth: Towards Sustainable Transition Paths?, laboratory of architecture and Sustainable Technologies (laST), ecole Polytechnique fédérale de lausanne, Switzerland, 2018.

R. Rithoma, & A. R. Rahmatullah, "Kajian Rute Angkutan Umum di Banyumanik Semarang Terkait Transportasi yang Berkelanjutan," J. Perencanaaan Wil. dan Kota, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 65–73, 2013.

M. J. Besta, "Heart and mind in public transport: Analysis of motives, satisfaction and psychological correlates of public transportation usage in the Gdańsk-Sopot-Gdynia Tricity Agglomeration in Poland," Transp. Res. Part F Traffic Psychol. Behav, vol. 26, p. 92–101, 2014.

C. H. Yang,, & M. F. Yao, "Perceived accessibility, mobility, and connectivity of public transportation systems," Transp. Res. Part A Policy Pract, vol. 77, p. 386–403, 2015.

A. R. Rakhmatulloh, I. Buchori, W. Pradoto, B. Riyanto, "The Power Of Accessibility To Land Price In Semarang Urban Corridors, Indonesia," Planning Malaysia Journal, vol. 16, no. 1, p. 118–129, 2018.

R. Alterman, "Land use regulations and property values: The "Windfalls Capture” Idea Revisited," Oxford Handb. Urban Econ. Plan, pp. pp. 755-786, 2012.

T. Deng, M. Ma, & J. D. Nelson, "Measuring the impacts of Bus Rapid Transit on residential property values: The Beijing case," Res. Transp. Econ, vol. 60, p. 54–61, 2016.

ITDP, "The BRT Standard 2016," ITDP Indonesia, Jakarta, 2017.

Cervero, & C. D. Kang., " "Bus rapid transit impacts on land uses and land values in Seoul, Korea,"," Transp. Policy, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 102-116, 2011.

B. H. Yudith Moudia, "Karakteristik Perjalanan Penumpang Bus Rapit Transit Trans Semarang," Jurnal Transportasi, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 169-176 , 2018.

H. Timmermans, Pedestrian Behaviour : Models, Data Collection and Aplication, Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2009.

V. Attaset, R. J. Schneider, L. S. Arnold, & D. R. Ragland, "Effects of weather variables on pedestrian volumes in Alameda County, California," in 89th Annu. Meet. Transp. Res., California, 2010.

A. Özbil , D. Yeşiltepe, & G. Argin, "Modeling walkability: Te efects of street design, street-network confguration and land-use on pedestrian movement," ITU A|Z, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 189-207, 2015.

E. Purwanto, & O. R. Manullang, "Evaluation Of Sidewalk As A Non Motorized Feeder To Support Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) In Semarang City," Jurnal Pembangunan Wilayah dan Kota, vol. 14, no. 1, p. 17 – 27, 2018.

D. Kim, J. Park, & A. Hong, "The Role of Destination’s Built Environment on Nonmotorized Travel Behavior: A Case of Long Beach, California," J. Plan. Educ. Res, vol. 38, no. 2, p. 152–166, 2018.

R. Cervero, & K. Kockelman, "Travel demand and the 3Ds: Density, diversity, and design," Transpn Res, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 199-219, 1997.

T. Munshi, "Built environment and mode choice relationship for commute travel in the city of Rajkot, India," Transportation Research Part D, vol. 44, pp. 239-253, 2016.

V. Mondou, "Daily Mobility and Adequacy of the Urban Transportation Network a GIS Application," European Journal of Geography, vol. 192, pp. 15-22, 2001.

R. Chapleau, & C. Morency, "Dynamic Spatial Analysis of Urban Travel Survei Data Using GIS," in ESRI International User Conference Proceedings, Charlotte, 2005.

A. M. El-Geneidy, P. R. Tétreault, & J. Suprenant-Legault, "Pedestrian Access to Transit: Identifying Redundancies and Gaps Using a Variable Service Area Analysis," McGill University, Canada, 2009.

C. H. Yang. &. M. F. YAO, "Ultra-High Intensity Redevelopment Of The Core Area Of Japanese Rail Transit Hub Station," Int. J. Sus. Dev. Plann, vol. 14, no. 3, p. 245–259, 2019.

Y. R. Jabareen, "Sustainable Urban Forms: Their Typologies, Models, and Concepts," Journal of Planning Education and Research, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 38-52, 2006.

H. S. Yunus, Struktur dan Pola Ruang Kota, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2000.



  • There are currently no refbacks.