Local Autonomy and Federalism: How Indonesia Deal with Democracy in the Global Governance?

Rodiyah Rodiyah, Ridwan Arifin, Steven Steven


Most countries in the world choose the form of Federal state or Unity within organizing a government. The selection of this form of state based on political, s­ocial will include the culture and history of a country. Each form of this country has advantages and disadvantages. The Unitary State emphasizes the administration of government in the government centers and regions in the province do not have extensive autonomy in managing their regions. Unlike the Federal State, where the position of the Federal State and the State are equal. The concept of federalism has been applied in many countries. The state is given the widest possible autonomy to take care of their area. Regional autonomy aims to improve community service, develop democratic life, and encourage the community empowerment to foster creativity. Regional autonomy also has a positive impact and a negative impact on the region. This paper intends to analyze the concept of federalism and regional autonomy with practical analysis in Indonesia.


Federalism, Regional Autonomy, Practical Analysis

Full Text:



• Alberti and Bertucci, 2007, Governance in the Middle East, North Africa, and Western Balkans: Making Governments Work Better in the Mediterranean Region, United Nations publication, New York.

• Ahmad Irdam, 2011, ‘Regional Fiscal Independence in East Java Province Post Regional Autonomy’ in Economic Journal of Emerging Markets, III (2): 189-198.

• Amin Dina Ika, 2013, ‘Otonomi Daerah Untuk Penguatan Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia (Pengelolaan Keuangan dalam Pelaksanaan Otonomi Daerah)’, in Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa, III (1): 39-46.

• Amrizal, Rani Faisal, Ginting Budiman, and Tarigan Pendastaren, 2015, ‘Asymmetric Decentralization Aceh; Governor Consultation and Consideration Context on Central Government Administrative Policy’. Journal Of Humanities And Social Science, XX (9): 01-11.

• Anderson George, 2008, Federalism: An Introduction, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

• Badrudin Rudy and Siregar Baldric, 2015, ‘The Evaluation of The Implementation of Regional Autonomy in Indonesia’ in Economic Journal of Emerging Markets, VII (1): 1-11.

• Bannink Duco and Ossewaarde Ringo, 2012, ‘Decentralization: New Modes of Governance and Administrative Responsibility’ in Administration & Society, XLIV (5): 595 –624.

• Basri Hasan and Nabiha Siti, 2014, ‘Accountability of Local Government: The Case of Aceh Province, Indonesia’ in Asia Pacific Journal of Accounting and Finance, III (1): 1-14

• Batavelijic Dragan, 2012, ‘Federalism: The Concept, Development, and Future’ in International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, II (24): 21-31.

• Cheema and Rondinelli, 2007, Decentralizing Governance: Emerging Concept and Practice, Brookings Institution Press, Washington D.C.

• Djusan Aizirman, 2012, ‘Praktik Government Public Relation Paska Otonomi Daerah’ in Jurnal Studi Komunikasi dan Media, XVI (1): 61-70.

• Doig Jameson, 2009, ‘The Benefits and Dangers of Federalism’, in Politics and Policy, XXXVII (4): 12-33.

• Dubois and Fattore, 2009, Definitions and Typologies in Public Administration Research: The Case of Decentralization. International, Hart Publishing, Oxford.

• Duncan Christopher, ‘Mixed Outcomes: The Impact of Regional Autonomy and Decentralization on Indigenous Ethnic Minority in Indonesia’ in Development and Change, XXXVIII (4): 711-733.

• Elias Nobert, 1994, The Civilizing Process, Basil Blackwell, Oxford.

• Erik-Lane Jan, 2017, ‘Law and Politics: Montesquieu and the 4 Schools of Legal Theory’ in Open Access Library Journal IV (4): 3-4.

• Faisal, 2016, ‘Otonomi Daerah: Masalah dan Penyelesaiannya di Indonesia’ in Jurnal Akuntansi, IV (2): 206-215.

• Gerken Heather, 2010, ‘Foreword: Federalism All The Way Down’ in Harvard Law Review, CXXI (1): 4-74.

• Grindle Merilee, 2007, Going Local Decentralization, Democratization, and the Promise of Good Governance, Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

• Habibi Mujtaba, 2015, ‘Analisis Pelaksanaan Desentralisasi Dalam Otonomi Daerah Kota/Kabupaten’ in Jurnal Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan, I (2): 117-123.

• Haruya Kagami, 2005, ‘Regional Autonomy in Process: A Case Study in Bali 2001-2003’ in Asian and African Area Studies, V (1): 46-71.

• Hegemer Christian, 2012, Federalism in Asia and Beyond; The Wildbad Kreuth Federalism Days 2012, Hanns Seidel Stiftung, Munchen.

• Holzhacker, Wittek and Woltjer, 2016, Decentralization and Governance in Indonesia, Springer International Publishing AG, Switzerland.

• Howe Louis, 2014, ‘Administrative Law and Governmentality: Politics and Discretion in a Changing State of Sovereignty’ in Administrative Theory & Praxis, XXIV (1): 55-80.

• Irwan Lukman, 2008, ‘Pelaksanaan Otonomi Daerah dalam Mendukung Pelaksanaan Good Governance di Indonesia’ in Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pemerintahan, I (1): 89-98.

• Kaasa and Vadi, 2010, ‘How Does Culture Contribute to Innovation? Evidence from European Countries’ in Economics of Innovation and New Technology, XIX (7): 583-604.

• Keating Michael, 1992, ‘Regional Autonomy in Changing State Order: A Framework of Analysis’ in Regional Politics and Policy, II (3): 45-61.

• Kramer Larry, 2000, ‘Putting the Politics into the Political Safeguard of Federalism’ in Columbia Law Review, C (1): 215-293.

• Law of the Republic Indonesia Number 22 of 2009 on Regional Autonomy.

• Law of the Republic Indonesia Number 32 of 2004 on Regional Government.

• Law of the Republic Indonesia Number 32 of 2014 on Regional Autonomy.

• Lesmana Rian, 2018, ‘Discretion and Decentralization: Public Administrators Dilemmas’ in Bureaucracy Innovation Initiatives’ in Otoritas Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan VIII (1): 25-32

• Loughlin John, 2000, ‘Regional Autonomy and State Paradigm Shifts in Western Europe’ in Regional and Federal Studies, X (2): 10-34.

• Marzuki Masnur, 2012, ‘Toward Federalism; A Constitutional Solution for Indonesia?’ in Unisia, XXXIV (76): 100-112.

• Muin Fatkhul, 2014, ‘Otonomi Daerah Dalam Perspektif Pembagian Urusan Pemerintah-Pemerintah Daerah dan Keuangan Daerah’ in Fiat Justisia Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, VIII (1): 69-79.

• Mutereko and Chitakunye, 2015, ‘Discretion and Autonomy: Public Administrators’ Dilemmas in the Implementation of National Curriculum Statements’ in International Journal of Public Administration, XXXVIII (2): 143-155.

• Nasution Indra Kesuma, 2016, ‘The Challenge of Decentralization in Indonesia: Symmetrical and Asymmetrical Debate’ in International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, XVI (9): 691-696.

• Neudorfer Benjamnin and Neudorfer Natascha, 2014, ‘Decentralization and Political Corruption: Disaggregating Regional Authority’ in The Journal of Federalism, XLV (1): 24-50.

• Patel Taran and Patel Chirag, 2008, ‘Learning Cultures for Sustained Innovation Success’ in The European Journal of Social Science Research, XXI (3): 233-251.

• Pepinsky and Wihardja, 2011, ‘Decentralization and Economic Performance in Indonesia’ in Journal of East Asian Studies, XI(3): 337-371.

• Permatasari Ane, 2014, ‘ Otonomi Khusus Daerah Perbatasan, Alternatif Solusi Penyelesaian Masalah Perbatasan di Indonesia’ in Jurnal Media Hukum, XXI (2): 226-240.

• Piening Erk, 2011, ‘Insights into the Process Dynamics of Innovation Implementation’ in Public Management Review, XIII (1): 127-157.

• Prasojo Eko, 2014, ‘Diskresi Bukan Berarti Kewenangan Bebas’ in Kementrian Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara dan Reformasi Birokrasi (https://www.menpan.go.id/site/berita-terkini/2650-diskresi-bukan-berarti-kewenangan-bebas).

• Rifai Maulana, 2017, ‘Otonomi Daerah dan Globalisasi’ in Jurnal Politikom Indonesiana, II (1): 15-28.

• Rinardi Haryono, 2012, ‘Dari RIS menjadi RI : Perubahan Bentuk Negara Indonesia Pada Tahun 1950’, in Jurnal Ilmu Humaniora, XII (2) : 92-209.

• Robison Richard and Hadiz Vedi, 2013. ‘The Political Economy of Oligarchy and The Reorganization of Power in Indonesia’, in Cornell University Southeast Asia Program, XCVI (10): 35–57.

• Rodden Jonathan, 2004, ‘Comparative Federalism and Decentralization: On Meaning and Measurement’ in Comparative Politics XXXVI (4): 481-500.

• Saifuddin Fedyani Achmad, 2001, ‘Kebijakan Otonomi Daerah: Otonomi Pendidikan dalam Perspektif Sosial Budaya’ in Antropologi Indonesia, I (65): 1-12.

• Sarman and Makarao Taufik, 2012, Hukum Pemerintahan Daerah di Indonesia, Rineka Cipta, Jakarta.

• Sesung Rusdianto, 2013, Hukum Otonomi Daerah, Refika Aditama, Bandung.

• Setiawan and Hadit Sudharto, 2007, ‘Regional Autonomy and Local Resource Management in Indonesia’ in Asia Pacific Viewpoint, XLVIII (1): 72-84.

• Smokes Paul, 2015, ‘Rethinking Decentralization: Assessing Challenges to a Popular Public Sector Reform’ in Public Administration Development, XXXV (2): 97-112.

• Surtikanti, 2013, ‘Permasalahan Otonomi Daerah Ditinjau dari Aspek Perimbangan Keuangan Pemerintah Pusat dan Daerah’, in Majalah Ilmiah Unikom, XI (1): 15-30.

• Suwaryo Utang, 2006, ‘Implementasi Kebijakan Otonomi Daerah’ in Sosiohumaniora, VIII (3): 255-271.

• Syarifudin Ahmad, 2014, ‘Perspektif, Metodologi dan Praktik’ in Jurnal Konferensi Internasional Pembangunan Islami

I (1): 18-19.

• Tamanaha Brian, 2012, ‘The History ans Element of Rule of Law’ in Singapore journal of Legal Studies, I (1): 232–247.

• Tarlton Charles, 2014, ‘Symmetry and Asymmetry as Elements of Federalism: A Theoretical Speculation’ in The Journal of Politics, XXVII (4): 861-874.

• Tomsa Dirk, 2015, ‘Local Politics and Corruption in Indonesia’s Outer Islands’, in Journal of the Humanities and Social Science of Southeast Asia, CLXXI (2-3): 196-219

• Triana Nita, 2014, ‘Pendekatan Ekoregion Dalam Sistem Hukum Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Air Sungai di Era Otonomi Daerah’ in Pandecta, IX (2): 154-186.

• Wever, Glaser, Gorris, and Ferrol-Schulte, 2012, ‘Decentralization and Participation in Integrated Coastal Management: Policy Lessons from Brazil and Indonesia’ in Ocean & Coastal Management, I (66): 63-72.

• Woodard Stephen, 2000, The Simple Guide to the Federal Idea, The Ventotene Papers of the Altiero Spinelli Institute for Federalist Studies, Ventotente.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/pandecta.v15i2.23268


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.