ETHNICITY AND NATIONALISM: SIPATAHOENAN NEWSPAPER’S VIEWS ON THE NATIONALIST MOVEMENTS IN THE DUTCH EAST INDIES

Agus Mulyana, Wawan Darmawan, Yeni Kurniawati

Abstract

This research examines the texts in Sipatahoenan newspaper published by the national movement organization of Paguyuban Pasundan of Tasikmalaya Branch. The focus of the research is how the narrations in Sipatahoenan newspaper show the attitudes towards national issues. The attitudes are worth studying because Paguyuban Pasundan is a national movement organization based on regionalism or ethnicity. The research adopted the historical methodology because it uses historical sources in the form of a newspaper published in the past. The analysis employed critical discourse analysis, postulating that a text is constructed by the elements of ideologies. The ideology here refers to how Sipatahoenan as the newspaper of a national movement organization shows ethnic and nationalist ideologies in addressing some events related to nationalist movements.

 

Penelitian ini mengkaji teks koran Sipatahoenan yang diterbitkan oleh organisasi pergerakan kebangsaan Paguyuban Pasundan Cabang Tasikmalaya. Hal yang akan dikaji adalah bagaimana narasi dalam koran Sipatahonen mengandung sikap terhadap isu-isu kebangsaan. Sikap ini menarik dikaji karena Paguyuban Pasundan merupakan organisasi pergerakan kebangsaan yang memiliki dasar kedaerahan atau etnisitas.Metodologi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metodologi sejarah karena menggunakan sumber sejarah berupa koran yang terbit di masa lalu. Analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis wacana kritis yang menjelaskan bahwa suatu teks dikonstruksi oleh unsur ideologi yang membuat teks tersebut. Ideologi yang dimaksud dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimana koran Sipatahoenan sebagai koran organisasi pergerakan kebangsaan memiliki unsur ideologi etnik dan nasionalis dalam mensikapi beberapa peristiwa yang berkenaan dengan pergerakan kebangsaan.

 

Keywords

Ethnicity, Nationalism, Sipatahoenan Newspaper, Nationalist Movement

Full Text:

PDF

References

Calhoun, Craig .1993.”Nationalism and Ethnicity.” Annual Review of Sociology, 19: 211-239.

Conversi, Daniele, 2012. “Modernism and Nationalism.” Journal of Political Ideologies 17(1): 13-34.

Ekadjati, Edi. S. 2003. ”Paguyuban Pasundan: Sundanese Revival (1913-1918).” Journal of Asian and African Studies, 66.

Gee, Paul James. 2005. An Introduction to Discourse Analusis Theory and Method. London: Routledge.

Hallenbeck, Jessica, et.al. 2016. “Red Skin, White Masks: Rejecting the Colonial Politics of Recognition.” The AAG Review of Books.

Isajiw, Wsevolod W. 1992. ”Definition And Dimensions Of Ethnicity: A Theoretical Framework” In, Challenges Of Measuring An Ethnic World: Science, Politics And Reality: Proceedings Of The Joint Canada-United States Conference On The Measurement Of Ethnicity April 1-3, 1992. Canada: Government Printing Office; pp. 407-27, 1993.

Jaffrelot, Christophe. 2003. For a Theory of Nationalism. Retrieved from http://www.ceri-Sciences-po.org/publika/qdr.htm

Jensen, Lotte (Ed). 2016. The Roots of Nationalism National Identity Formation in Early Modern Europe, 1600-1815. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

Radcliffe, Sarah A. 2017. “Geography and indigeneity I: Indigeneity, Coloniality and Knowledge,” Progress in Human Geography, 41(2).

Reilly, Matthew, C. 2016. “Archaeologies of instability: Order and disorder in colonial Barbados.” Journal of Social Archaeology, 16(2).

Sipatahoenan, Rebo 2 Januari 1929, No.1 Lambaran ka I

Sipatahoenan, No. 2 Lambaran Ka I Saptoe 5 Januari 1929 Taoen ka 6

Shu, Min. 2016. Nationalist Movements in Southeast Asia. IR of Southeast Asia School of International Liberal Studies Waseda University.

Suharto. 1996. “Dari Lokal ke Nasional: Perkembangan Wawasan Paguyuban Pasundan, 1913-1942”. A paper presented in the Seminar nasional Tinjauan Kritis Tentang Integrasi Bangsa, Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, 16-17 January 1996.

Van Dijk, A. Teun. 2015. “Critical Discourse Analysis.” in Deborah Tannen, Heidi E. Hamilton, and Deborah Schiffin (Eds.). The Handbook of Discourse Analysis. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. Inc. pp. 466-485.

Van Niel, Robert. 1984. Munculnya Elite Moderen di Indonesia (The emergence of modern elite in Indonesia). Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya.

Wan, Enoch &Vanderwerf, Mark. 2009. “A Review Of The Literature On Ethnicity, National Identity And Related Missiological Studies.” Retrieved from www.Globalmissiology.org. “Fea-tured Articles.”

Yang, Philip Q. 2001. From Ethnic Studies: Issues and Approaches, New York: State University of New York Press.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.