ANALISIS PERBANDINGAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENYEBAB KETIMPANGAN PEMBANGUNAN ANTAR KABUPATEN/KOTA DI KAWASAN KEDUNGSAPUR

  • Linda Tustiana Puspitawati Jurusan Ekonomi Pembangunan, Fakultas Ekonomi, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

Abstract

AbstrakTujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui perbandingan faktor-faktor penyebab ter-jadinya ketimpangan antar kabupaten/kota dengan menganalisis dari segi kondi-si sektoral, karakteristik pertumbuhan ekonomi, dan kondisi fasilitas sosial danekonomi setiap kabupaten/kota di Kawasan Kedungsapur. Penelitian ini dilaku-kan pada kabupaten/kota dalam Kawasan Kedungsapur Jawa Tengah. Metodepengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah metode dokumentasi. Analisis yangdigunakan adalah analisis Location Quotient, Shift Share, Tipologi Klassen, danSkalogram. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata kabupaten/kota yangmemiliki sektor basis adalah sektor pertanian memiliki pertumbuhan ekonomi yanglebih rendah, sedangkan sebagian besar kabupaten/kota di Kawasan Kedungsapurmemiliki sektor basis pada sektor pertanian. Karakteristik pola pertumbuhan KotaSemarang termasuk daerah maju dan cepat berkembang, Kabupaten Semarang ter-masuk daerah maju tapi tertekan, Kabupaten Kendal termasuk daerah berkembangcepat, dan 3 kabupaten/kota lainnya termasuk daerah tertinggal. Kondisi fasilitasterlengkap hanya terdapat pada 2 kabupaten/kota dan 4 kabupaten/kota lainnyatermasuk dalam daerah yang kurang lengkap fasilitas ekonomi dan sosialnya. Kes-impulan dari penelitian ini kondisi sektoral, pola pertumbuhan, dan fasilitas sangatberpengaruh terjadinya ketimpangan pembangunan antar kabupaten/kota di Ka-wasan Kedungsapur.AbstractThe purpose of this research to know the comparison of causing factors of the inequality accurence amongdistricts/cities by analyzing sectoral factor, economic growth characteristic, and economic, social faci-lities condition every district/cities in Kedungsapur. This research was conducted in districts/cities inKedungsapur Central Java, and the used data were obtained from BPS Central Java Province. The met-hod in collecting the data was documentation. The analysis that was used was Location Quotient, ShiftShare, Klassen Typology, and Scalogram. The results of the analysis showed that is average of districts/cities which have sector was agriculture sector which has lower economic growth, whereas most of agricul-ture sector. Klassen Typology analysis shows that the characteristic of growth pattern every district/citiesis that Semarang city was included to the high growth and high income, Semarang district was includedto high income but low growth, Kendal was included high growth but low income, and 3 other district/cities were included in to the low income and low growth. Scalogram analysis shows that the completefacility condition only exist in 2 districts/cities, and 4 other district/cities were included in to the leasteconomic and social complete facilities. Conclusions of this research, sectoral conditions, growth patterns,and the facilities are very influential the imbalance between districts/cities in Kedungsapur.
How to Cite
PUSPITAWATI, Linda Tustiana. ANALISIS PERBANDINGAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENYEBAB KETIMPANGAN PEMBANGUNAN ANTAR KABUPATEN/KOTA DI KAWASAN KEDUNGSAPUR. Economics Development Analysis Journal, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 2, june 2013. ISSN 2252-6560. Available at: <http://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/edaj/article/view/1655>. Date accessed: 08 dec. 2016. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15294/edaj.v2i2.1655.
Section
Articles

Keywords

Ketimpangan, Kedungsapur, Sektoral, Tipologi Klassen, Fasilitas, Location Quotient, Shift Share Inequality, Kedungsapur, Sectoral, Klassen Typol-ogy, Facilities, Location Quotient, Shift Share