Variation of Substrat Sources For Aerobic Compost Production Process to Grow Moringa oleifera Seedling

  • Tri Wijayanti Irma Suryani Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Indonesia
  • Nurul Jadid Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Indonesia
  • Endry Nugroho Prasetyo Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Indonesia


Moringa oleifera is a plant which contains essential nutrition.  Seedling of M. oleifera is an important step for cultivation. Seedling process was enhanced by adding compost on media cultivation. The quality of compost is influenced by substrate sources for composting process. Thus, seedling process can be improved by varying substrate sources in composting process. This research aimed at ascertaining the best substrate for composting then applied for seedling process.This research was used 3 different substrates such as straw, leaves stalks, and animal dung. The parameters for analysis compost quality consist of C/N ratio, phospor, potassium, color compost, biomass, pH, and temperature. Then, seedling was measured by 4 measurement consist of plant height, branch diameter, total leaves, and biomass. Data analysis was used ANOVA test and TUKEY test with 95% significant degree.The ANOVA test result for variation compost substrate showed the compost in all variation had distinct different result for the average of seedling plant. Leaves stalk’s susbtrate had the best average for plant growth 7,95 cm in length. The branch diameter was 0,16 cm, then the average of total leaves was 5 leaves, and the biomass of plant was 0,18 grams per plant.