The Absolute Competence of the Industrial Relations Court in Resolving Employment Termination Disputes

Main Article Content

Ivan Ndun
Yohanes G. Tuba Helan
Umbu Lily Pekuwali

Abstract

Employment relations are subject to contracts agreed upon by employers and employees. Law Number 13 of 2003 clearly defined that employment relations as an agreement between an employer and their employees. The jurisdictional scope or competence of the Industrial Relations Court is further elaborated in Section 56 Law Number 2 of 2004. However, Section 56 Number Law 2 of 2004 has spurred further debate regarding the proper competence of the Industrial Relations Court, because, under this law, the Court has issued ineffective and inefficient court decisions. This research analyzed and criticized the competence of the Industrial Relations Court in presiding over the termination of employment contracts.  In analyzing this problem, this paper deploys the theory of competence, theories of justice and the rule of law, subjective justice, the competence of the Industrial Relations Court according to existing laws, and expert views on the contribution of existing literature towards the competence of the Industrial Relations Court. This research emphasized that an excess of laws governs the termination of employment contracts, which supposedly lies under the competence of the Industrial Relations Court. Hence, to protect the rights of employees in the context of industrial relations, a judicial review of Law Number 2 of 2004 on Manpower is required.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ndun, I., Helan, Y. G. T., & Pekuwali, U. L. (2020). The Absolute Competence of the Industrial Relations Court in Resolving Employment Termination Disputes. JILS (Journal of Indonesian Legal Studies), 5(1), 29-52. https://doi.org/10.15294/jils.v5i1.33159
Section
Research Articles
Author Biographies

Ivan Ndun, Faculty of Law, Univertas Nusa Cendana

Ivan Ndun is Lecturer at Faculty of Law, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang, Indonesia. His research interest on Private Law especially on Labor and Employment issues, as well as Labor Contract issue. He also involved on some projects concerning to Labor and Human Rights. Besides as Lecturer, He working as researcher on Labor and Justice Studies Center.

Yohanes G. Tuba Helan, Faculty of Law, Universitas Nusa Cendana

Yohanes G. Tuba Helan is Lecturer at Faculty of Law Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang, Indonesia. Her focus interests on labor issue in the context of administrative and private law. She involved on some research projects concerning to examination of industrial relations court in Indonesia.

Umbu Lily Pekuwali, Faculty of Law, Universitas Nusa Cendana

Umbu Lily Pekuwali is Lecturer at Faculty of Law Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang, Indonesia. He also working as Director of Research and Community Services Unit on Universitas Nusa Cendana. His research interest on labor and employment law issues.

References

Anggraeni, N. (2019). Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Hubungan Kerja dan Pemutusan Hubungan Kerja (Studi di PT Triple S Kediri). Jurnal Ekuivalensi 5(2), 89-103.

Anwar, S. (1991). Sendi-sendi Hubungan Pekerja dengan Pengusaha. Medan: Kelompok Studi Hukum dan Masyarakat Fakultas Hukum USU.

Ardiansyah, D., Rochaida, E., & Lestari, D. (2018). Pengaruh Upah dan Tingkat Pendidikan Terhadap Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja. Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Mulawarman (JIEM) 2(2), 135-154.

Audenaert, M., Vanderstraeten, A., & Buyens, D. (2017). When affective well-being is empowered: The joint role of leader-member exchange and the employment relationship. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 28(15), 2208-2227.

Benda, H.J. (1958). Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje and the foundations of Dutch Islamic policy in Indonesia. The Journal of Modern History 30(4), 338-347.

Chan, C., Ramírez, C., & Stefoni, C. (2019). Negotiating precarious labour relations: dynamics of vulnerability and reciprocity between Chinese employers and their migrant workers in Santiago, Chile. Ethnic and Racial Studies 42(9), 1456-1475.

Chow, T. W., Salleh, L. M., & Ismail, I. A. (2017). Lessons from the Major Leadership Theories in Comparison to the Competency Theory for Leadership Practice. Journal of Business and Social Review in Emerging Economies 3(2), 147-156.

Drahokoupil, j., & Fabo, B. (2016). The platform economy and the disruption of the employment relationship. ETUI Research Paper-Policy Brief 5(1), 1-50.

Gadjong, A.A. (2007). Pemerintahan Daerah (Kajian Politik dan Hukum). Bogor: Ghalia Indonesia.

Herzein Inlandsch Reglement (HIR). (1941). Jakarta.

Herlambang, P.H. (2018). Implementation on Transfer of Undertaking Protection of Employment to Outsourcing Labors in Semarang Indonesia: A Legal Approach. JILS (Journal of Indonesian Legal Studies) 3(1), 109-130. https://doi.org/10.15294/jils.v3i01.23211

Husni, L. (2001). Pengantar Hukum Ketenagakerjaan Indonesia. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Jones, E. (2011). Wives, slaves, and concubines: a history of the female underclass in Dutch Asia. Cornell University Press.

Linnan, D. K. (1999). Indonesian law reform, or once more unto the breach: a brief institutional history. Australian Journal of Asian Law 1(1), 1-56.

Manurung, M. (2017). Pengaturan Perjanjian Kerja Waktu Tertentu dalam Hubungan Kerja Antara Pekerja/Buruh Dengan Pengusaha. Jurnal Pionir 2(3), 215-225.

Marzuki, L. (1996). Mengenal Karakteristik Kasus-Kasus Perburuhan. Varia Peradilan 133 (1996), 145-160.

Marzuki, P.M. (2005). Penelitian Hukum. Jakarta: Prenada Media Grup.

Muhammad, A. (2006). Hukum Perjanjian. Bandung: PT. Alumni.

Muharam, H. (2006). Panduan Memahami Hukum Ketenagakerjaan Serta Pelaksanaannya di Indonesia. Bandung: PT. Citra Aditya Bhakti.

Musthofa, M. (2005). Kepaniteraan Pengadilan Agama. Jakarta: Kencana.

Nababan, T. S., Purba, E. F., & Tampubolon, J. (2020). Influence of Input Value and Labor Expenditure on Output Value: A Case of Micro and Small Scale Industry in Indonesia. Integrated Journal of Business and Economics 4(1), 45-60.

Poerwadarminta, W J. S. (1982). Kamus Umum Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Pohler, D., & Schmidt, J. A. (2016). Does pay‐for‐performance strain the employment relationship? The effect of manager bonus eligibility on nonmanagement employee turnover. Personnel Psychology, 69(2), 395-429.

Prasongko, D., Ali Akhmad Noor Hidayat (ed). (2018). Menteri Tenaga Kerja Sebutkan Tiga Masalah SDM Indonesia, TEMPO, 8 November 2018, https://bisnis.tempo.co/read/1144463/menteri-tenaga-kerja-sebutkan-tiga-masalah-sdm-indonesia/full&view=ok

Ridwan, R., & Gultom, S.S. (1987). Sari Hukum Perburuhan Aktual. Jakarta: PT. Pradnya Paramita.

Ridwan, H. (2006). Hukum Administrasi Negara. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Republic of Indonesia. (1945). The Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia 1945.

Republic of Indonesia. (1951). Emergency Law Number 16 Year 1951 concerning the Settlement of Labor Disputes.

Republic of Indonesia. (2004). Law Number 2 of 2004 concerning Industrial Relations Dispute Resolution.

Republic of Indonesia. (2000). Law Number 21 of 2000 concerns Trade Unions/Labor Unions.

Republic of Indonesia. (1957). e Law Number 22of 1957 concerning the Settlement of Labor Disputes.

Republic of Indonesia. (2009). Republic of Indonesia State Law Number 48 of 2009 concerning Judicial Power.

Saliman, A. R., & Mutiarawati, E. V. (2016). Model Perlindungan Hukum Integratif Buruh Migran Indonesia dalam Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN. PROGRESIF: Jurnal Hukum 10(2), 135-156.

Samsuni, S. (2017). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Al-Falah: Jurnal Ilmiah Keislaman dan Kemasyarakatan, 17(1), 113-124.

Sastrohadiwiryo, S. (1987). Manajemen Tenaga Kerja Indonesia, Pendekatan Administratif dan Operasional. Jakarta: PT. Bumi Aksara.

Sitorus, T.M. (2007). Masalah Ketenagakerjaan di Indonesia dan di Daerah (Pasca Reformasi). Medan: Bina Media Perintis.

Soepomo, I. (2001). Hukum Perburuhan Bidang Hubungan Kerja. Jakarta: Djambatan.

Utrecht, E. (1961). Pengantar Dalam Hukum Indonesia. Jakarta: Ichtiar.

Uwiyono, A. (2001). Hak Mogok di Indonesia. Dissertation, Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia.

Uwiyono, A. (2017). Mekanisme Penyelesaian Perselisihan Perburuhan Dikaitkan dengan Pola Hubungan Perburuhan. Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan 22(5), 476-486.

Vickers, A. (2013). A history of modern Indonesia. UK: Cambridge University Press.

Zulfikar, W., & Jumiati, I. E. (2017). Formulasi Kebijakan Pendirian Lembaga Peradilan Khusus Hubungan Industrial di Kabupaten Bekasi. Jurnal Administrasi Publik 8(2), 175-188.

Terziev, V., Latyshev, O., & Georgiev, M. (2017). Building competencies for social work through continuing vocational training. International E-Journal of Advances in Education 3(9), 638-659.