KEANEKARAGAMAN SPESIES AMFIBI DAN REPTIL DI KAWASAN SUAKA MARGASATWA SERMODAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA

D S Yudha, R Eprilurahman, I A Muhtianda, D F Ekarini, O C Ningsih

Abstract


Kawasan Suaka Margasatwa (SM) Sermo merupakan salah satu kawasan lindung yang terdapat di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Kawasan tersebut merupakan habitat bagi berbagai jenis tumbuhan dan hewan, salah satunya adalah herpetofauna (amfibi dan reptil). Hutan di kawasan SM Sermo terdiri dari hutan sekunder yang umum dimasuki manusia dengan kerapatan vegetasi kurang dari 90%, dengan ketinggian antara 90-250 mdpl dan luas sekitar 181 ha. Sampling dilakukan selama dua hari tanggal 13-14 Januari 2013, dan dilakukan pada pagi dan malam hari dengan metode sampling perpaduan antara VES (Visual Encounter Survey), Time Search, dan Road Cruising. Hasil identifikasi diperoleh 5 (lima) spesies amfibi dan 13 (tiga belas) spesies reptil. Spesies amfibi yang ditemukan di kawasan SM Sermo adalah Fejervarya limnocharis, Duttaphrynus melanostictus, Ingerophrynus biporcatus, Polypedates leucomystax, dan Kaloula baleata. Reptil yang ditemukan terdiri atas dua Subordo, yaitu Subordo Serpentes (ular), dan Subordo Lacertilia (kadal). Subordo Serpentes yang ditemukan terdiri dari 4 (empat) spesies, yaitu Ahaetulla prasina, Rhabdophis subminiatus, Pareas carinatus, dan Rhamphotyphlops braminus. Subordo Lacertilia yang ditemukan terdiri dari 9 (sembilan) spesies, yaitu Draco volans, Dasia olivacea, Eutropis multifasciata, Eutropis rugifera, Hemidactylus frenatus, Gekko gecko, Cyrtodactylus marmoratus, Lygosoma quadrupes, dan Hemiphyllodactylus typus. Seiring berjalannya waktu, penambahan atau pengurangan jumlah spesies yang terdapat di kawasan SM Sermo dapat terjadi. Dengan demikian, monitoring jenis herpetofauna perlu dilakukan secara rutin untuk memantau keanekaragamannya di kawasan ini.

Sermo is one of wildlife sanctuary which located in Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. It consists of several unique habitats for wildlife such as herpetofauna (amphibians and reptiles). Forest habitat mostly composed by secondary forest with the vegetation coverage less than 90% in 90-250 meters above sea level. This area is 181 ha in width. Sampling was done for two days (13-14 Januari 2013). Sampling was conducted during day and night using several methods viz. VES (Visual Encounter Survey), Time Search, and Road Cruising. Five species of amphibians and thirteen species of reptiles were identified. Amphibian species recorded in the sampling sites are Fejervarya limnocharis, Duttaphrynus melanostictus, Ingerophrynus biporcatus, Polypedates leucomystax, and Kaloula baleata. Reptile species are member of suborder Serpentes (snakes) and suborder Lacertilia (lizards). Snakes which found in Sermo wildlife sanctuary are Ahaetulla prasina, Rhabdophis subminiatus, Pareas carinatus, and Rhamphotyphlops braminus. While lizard species identified from the sampling sites are Draco volans, Dasia olivacea, Eutropis multifasciata, Eutropis rugifera, Hemidactylus frenatus, Gekko gecko, Cyrtodactylus marmoratus, Lygosoma quadrupes and Hemiphyllodactylus typus. Overtime, fluctuation of species richness is unavoidable. Monitoring species richness is needed to record the composition of amphibian and reptiles species in the area.


Keywords


diversity, herpetofauna, amphibian, reptile, Sermo wildlife sanctuary

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