Vowel Space Area of Minangkabau Learners of English

Rudha Widagsa, Arum Perwitasari, Mezia Kemala Sari


Vowel spacearea (VSA) represents kinematic movements of the articulators and measures speech intelligibility. By looking at the vowel space area, the current study intends to examine the role of Minangkabau in the acquisition of English as a second language. We conducted a speech production experiment involving ten English monophthongs in isolated sentences. We measured the formant frequencies (F1/F2) values and computed the vowel quadrilateral. The results showed that the Minangkabau learners of English did not have similar VSA pattern when compared to the native English speakers. They did not open the jaws and move the tongues as similar as the native English speakers in pronouncing English vowels. The results were discussed in the area of second language acquisition.


acoustic measurement, formant frequencies, L2 acquisition, vowel space area

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/lc.v12i2.14174


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