Ahmad Sofwan, Edmundus Bouk


This study addresses how deictic expressions of person, place and time account for vision and attitudes of a speaker in speeches on certain issues. In this qualitative study, the data consisted of four speeches delivered by Xanana Gusmao of Timor Leste. The result of the study shows that the speaker used various types of deixis, including person, place, and time deixis. Person deixis was used to introduce Timorese people, whereas more time deixis referring to present time was used to focus his attention on the present situation and did not want to turn back to the past experience with full of political and social conflicts. The speakers vision is reflected in the use of the first person plural we more than the first person singular I or me. This indicates that the speaker represents himself as an insertive leader. He is also a sort of leader with more future vision, indicated by the use of more time deixis referring to the present and future time than those of past time, so he wanted to bring his people and nation to face the future to develop the nation and to build better relationship with its neighbouring states.


pragmatics; deixis; vision; attitudes

Full Text:



Adetunji, A. 2006. Inclusion and Exclusion in Political Discourse: Deixis in Olusegun Obasanjos speeches. Retrieved from http://www.jllonline.co. uk/juornal/5_2/LING2.pdf

Best, J.W. 1981. Research in education. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Chang-qi, C. (2009). On rhetorical use of deixis. US-China Foreign Language, Volume 7, No.4 (Serial No.67). Retrieved October 13, 2010 from http://www.linguist.org.cn/doc/uc200904/uc20090404.pdf

Cohen, L. 2007. Research methods in education. London: Routledge.

Jarvella R.J. & Klein, W. (eds). (1982). Speech, place and action. New York: Wiley.

Levinson, S. C. 1983. Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mey, J. L. 1993. Pragmatics: an introduction. Oxford: Cambridge, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers.

Thomas, J. 1995. Meaning in interaction: an introduction to pragmatics. Essex: Longman.

Zupnik, Y. J. 2010. A Pragmatic Analysis of the Use of Person Deixis in Political Discourse. Retrieved from http:// www.sciencedirect.com/science?-ob=ArticleURL&-udi=B6VCW-63PG79-4F&-user=10&-coverDate=04 October 14, 2010.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/lc.v9i1.3220


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License