PENGEMBANGAN PERKULIAHAN KIMIA LINGKUNGAN BERBASIS MASALAH UNTUK MENINGKATKAN NILAI-NILAI KARAKTER MAHASISWA

Murbangun Nuswowati

Abstract


Tujuan penelitian ini mengembangkan model perkuliahan kimia lingkungan berbasis masalah untuk meningkatkan karakter mahasiswa.  Penelitian dilakukan pada mahasiswa S1 pendidikan kimia yang mengambil mata kuliah kimia lingkungan di FMIPA UNNES pada semester genap tahun 2011-2012. Kelas eksperimen dilakukan perkuliahan dengan tahap-tahap pendekatan berbasis masalah. Kelas Kontrol dilakukan perkuliahan seperti biasa. Pre-tes dan pos-tes penanda nilai-nilai karakter kelas kontrol mengalami peningkatan N-gain nya 22,00 % tergolong rendah.  Kelas eksperimen pre-tes dan pos-tes penanda nilai-nilai karakter N-gain nya 48,00 % tergolong sedang. Rerata pre-tes dan pos-tes penguasaan materi kelas kontrol didapatkan N-gain nya 33 % tergolong sedang. Kelas eksperimen skor rerata pre-tes dan pos-tes  penguasaan materi didapatkan  N-gain nya 40,00 % tergolong sedang.  Model PKLBM dengan open-ended masalah dapat dikembangkan lebih lanjut pada mata kuliah yang lain.

 


The purpose of this study developed a model of  Environmental Chemistry Problem Based Learning to enhance the character of students. The study was conducted on chemical education students taking courses in environmental chemistry at FMIPA UNNES the second semester in 2011-2012.  Class learning experiment with stages based approach to the problem. Control class learning conducted as usual. Pre-test and post-test marker values increased control class character N-gain its 22.00% is low. While the experimental class pre-test and post-test marker values his character N-gain 48.00% classified as moderate. The mean pre-test and post-test mastery of class material obtained  N-gain control of its 33% classified as moderate. As for the experimental class mean score of pre-test and post-test mastery of the material obtained its N-gain 40.00% classified as moderate. Model Environmental Chemistry Problem Based Learning with open-ended problems can be further developed in other subjects.


Keywords


Environmental Chemistry; Problem Based Learning; Character values; Open-ended problems; Mastery of material

Full Text:

PDF

References


Binadja, A. (2005). Pengembangan Multimedia Interaktif Pembelajaran Kecakapan Hidup Berbasis Kimia Hijau Kaitannya Dengan Pendidikan Bervisi SETS. Semarang: Makalah Seminar dan Lokakarya KBK SMA, Kimia-FMIPA UNNES

Hake, R.R. 1999. Analyzing Change/Gain Score. USA: American Educational Research Association’s Division D, Measurement and Research Methodologi. Tersedia: http://phisics. indiana.edu/-sdi/AnalyzingChange-Gain.pdf. [10 Desember 2011]

Johnson, E. B. (2002). Teaching & Learning, what it is and why its here to stay. California: Corwin Press

Liliasari. (2009). Beberapa pendekatan dan Metode Dalam Pembelajaran IPA . Bahan Kuliah

Nuswowati, M. (2005) .Peningkatan Kerja Bermakna dan Hasil Belajar Praktikum Kimia Fisika I dengan Tes Awal dan Presentasi Hasil Praktikum Beracuan CTL (Teaching Learning). Laporan Penelitian. FMIPA UNNES

_____________. (2011). Model Pembelajaran Kimia Lingkungan (MPKL) di Beberapa Perguruan Tinggi. Prosiding Seminar Himpunan Kimia Indonesia. Solo: UNS

Permanasari A. (2010). Membangun Keterkaitan Antara Mengajar dan Belajar Pendidikan Sains SMP Untuk Meningkatkan Sciencs Literacy Siswa. Teori, Paradigma, Prinsip, dan Pendekatan Pembelajaran MIPA dalam Konteks Indonesia. Bandung: FMIPA UPI

Reigosa, C & Jimenez-Aleixandre, MP. (2007). Scaffolded Problem-solving in the Physics and Chemistry Laboratory: Difficulties Hindering Students’ Assumption of Responsibility. International Journal of Science Education. 29, (3), 307-329

Rukman, N. (2006). Pendidikan Sains Kita. http ://www. Sampurna foundation. org/content/view/219/103/ lang,id/

Sinaradi, F. (1998). Menguji Kualitas Barang : satu alternatif Model Pengajaran Sains. Suwano dkk. (Ed). Pendidikan Sains yang Humanis. Yogyakarta: Kanisius

Solaz-Portoless, J.J. & Sanjose, V. (2008). Piagetian and Neo-Piagetian Variables in Science Problem Solving: Diections for Practice. Ciencias & Cognicao. 13 (2): 192-200)


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.