Blood Lipid Profile of Coturnix coturnix japonica Fed whith Organic Feed and Supplement Curcuma longa

Entin Nur Aetin, Tyas Rini Saraswati, Sri Isdadiyanto

Abstract


Peoples concern about quail egg consumption has triggered the efforts to produce quail eggs with low cholesterol content by using organic feed. Organic feed is one type of feed rations made of mixing organic material. In this study, standard organic feed (rice bran, yellow corn, soybean, and fishmeal) and organic feed containing mackerel, cassava leaves, and turmeric powder was administere to female japanese quail. Organic feed containing mackerel, cassava leaves, and turmeric powder can affect the Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica L.) lipid profile. This research used experimental methods. Twenty-seven female Japanese quails were divided into 3 treatment groups (PO: commercial feed, P1: standard organic feed, P2: feed containing organic turmeric powder, cassava leaves, and mackerel) for 145 days with 9 repeat. Data obtained were in the form of average daily feed intake and blood lipid profiles of each treatment group. Further data analysis was performed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Duncan test. The results showed that administration of organic feed containing mackerel, cassava leaves, and turmeric powder can reduce the levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL but increase the HDL levels in Japanese quail. Supplementation of turmeric powder improve the chemical quality of Japanese quail eggs, so it is good for the development of quail embryos as well as for consumption. It can be concluded that organic feed and turmeric powder supplementation stabilize blood lipid profile and improve the reproduction of Japanese quail egg low cholesterol, so good for the development of embryo quail and for consumption.


Keywords


Blood lipid profile; Organic feed; Quai; Turmeric powder

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akbarin, A., Golian, A., Kermanshahi, H., Gilani, A & Moradi, S. (2012). Influence of Turneric Rhizome and Black Papper on Blood Contituents and Performance of Bloiler Chickens. African Journal of Biotechnology, 11(34), 8606-8611.

Almatsier. (2009). Prinsip Dasar Ilmu Gizi. Cetakan VII. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Alsuhendra, Reddish, J. M., Nestor, K. E & Lilburn, M. S. (2009). Effects of selection for growth on onsetof sexual maturity in randombred and growth-selected line of Japanese quail. Journal Poultry Science, 8(2), 187-191.

Baron, S. F., & Hylemon, P. B. (1997). Biotransformation of bile acids, cholesterol, and steroid hormones. In Gastrointestinal microbiology (pp. 470-510). Springer US.

Bekal, M., Kumari, S., Vijay, R. & Pushpalath, K. C. (2011). Research Journal Of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Science A Study On Lipid Profile and Myeloperoxidase Levels In Type II Diabetes Mellitus With Respect To Age And Gender. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Science, 2(1), 336-337.

Botham, K. M. & Mayes, P. A. (2006). Asilgliserol and Sphingolipids Metabolism. In: Murray, R.K., Ganner, D.K., Rodwell, V.W., Edditor Biochemical Harper. 27th ed. Jakarta: Book Medical Publishers EGC.

Elwakked, A. S. E, Alazhary, D. B., Mohamed, S., Elzayat, S. R. & Hebishy, M. A. (2012). The Enhancement Effect of Administration of Caffeine in Combination with Green Tea and Its Components on Lipid Profile Element in Obese Rats. New York Scince Journal, 5(6), 27-29.

Ghazvian, K. M., Irani, R., Jamshidi, Aghsaghali, A. M., Siadati, A., & Vaighan, A. J. (2011). The effect of energy to protein ratio on production performance and characteristic of Japanese quail Eggs. Annals of Biological Science, 2(2), 122-128.

Huang, D., Favero, A., Vieira, S. L., & Torrent, J. (2012). The effects of functionaloils on broiler diets of varying energylevels. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 2(1), 567-578.

Karmanshasi & Riasi, A. (2006). Effect of Turmeric Rhizhome Powder (Curcuma long) and Soluble NSP Degrading Enzyme on Some Blood Parameters of Laying Hens. International Journal of Poultry Science, 5(5), 494-498.

Kohli, K., Ali, J., Antasari, M. J. & Raheman, Z. (2008). A Natural Antiinflamatory agent. Education Forum, 37(3), 141-147.

Kim, H. J., Soe, K. L., Choi, M. S., Jung, U. J., Yeo, J., Jeon, S. M. & Lee, M. K. (2007). Effect of Curcumin Supplementation on Blood Glucose, Plasma Insulin and Glucose HomoestasisReletad Enzyme Activities in Diabetic Mice. Molecular Nutrition Food Research, 52(9), 511-520.

Lanfer, M. U. M., Barros, R. M. C., & Sinnecker, P. (2009). Antioxidant Activity of Clorophylls and Their Derivatives. Food Research International, 38(8), 885-891.

Leuis, M. B., Filipe, H. A., Salvador, A., Moreno, M. J., & Vaz, W. L. (2014). Homeostasis of free cholesterol in the blood: a preliminary evaluation and modeling of its passive transport. Journal of Lipid Research, 55(6), 1033-1043.

Listyowati, E. & Roospitasari, K. (1997). Puyuh, Tata Laksana Budidaya secara Komersial. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.

Mehala, C., & Moorthy, M. (2008). Effect of Aloe vera and Curcuma longa (Turmeric) on carcass characteristics and biochemical parameters of broilers. International Journal of Poultry Science, 7(9), 857-861.

Murray, R. K., Bender, D. A., Botham, K. M., Kennelly, P. J., Rodwell, V. W. & Weil, P. A (2014). Biochemical Harper (Haerpers Illustrated Biochemistry) Edition 29. Jakarta: EGC.

Pandey, A., Gupta, R. K & Srivastava, R. (2011). Curcumin-the yellow Magic. Asian International of Applied Sciences, 4(4), 343-354.

Peter, J. K & Kathleen, M. B. (2009). Lipid transport andstorage; Cholesterol Synthesis, Transport and excretion; the livers Illustrated Biochemistry, 28thEdition. USA: The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Putra, S. H. J,, Saraswati, T. R. & Isdadiyanto, S. (2015). Profile Triglycerides Japannes Quail (Coturnix Coturnix japonica) After Giving Turmeric (Curcuma long) Powder. Internasional Journal of Science and Engineering, 8(1), 65-68.

Sanz, M., Lopez-Bote, C. J., Menoyo, D., & Bautista, J. M. (2008). Abdominal Fat Deposition and Fatty Acid Synthesis Are Lower and b-Oxidation Is Higher in Broiler Chickens Fed Diets Containing Unsaturated Rather than Saturated Fat. Journal Nutritions,1(3), 3034-3037.

Saraswati, T. R. & Tana, S. (2016). Effect of Tumeric Powder Supplementation to The Age of Sexual Maturity, Physial and Chemical Quality of The First Japanese Quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica ) Eggs. Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education, 8(1), 18-24.

Yusniar, L. & Nilasari, E. (2009). Metabolic plus endogenous energy and nitrogen losses of adult cockerels: the correction used in the bioassay true metabolizable energy. Journal Poultry science, 6(8), 805-811.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/biosaintifika.v9i3.11225

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.