The Conservation Efforts of Wood Apple, An Identity Plant of Rembang Regency, Based on Ethnobotany Study

Enni Suwarsi Rahayu, Nur Kusuma Dewi, Lina Herlina, Talitha Widiatningrum

Abstract


Feronia limonia (L.) Swingle better known as wood apple is an identity plant of Rembang Regency, Central Java Province, Indonesia. However, the population is very limited. In order to identify the conservation efforts, this ethnobotany study was aimed to determine traditional knowledge on the existence, economic value, utility, breeding technique and conservation of wood apple. The survey was conducted on a total of 102 local people from 10 sub-districts which were determined by proportionally stratified random sampling. Data were collected by questionnaires and individual interviews and then were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that all of respondents knew the figure of wood apple, but only 79.50% understood its status as an identity plant. Most of respondents (96%) stated that the fruits have low economic value, 80.39% respondents have utilized ripe fruit as ingredients of beverages and stems as firewood. This utilization was only equal to 29.72% compared to the potential usability based on research results. It was concluded that the traditional knowledge about the existence, economic value, and breeding technique were good and on the contrary, the knowledge about the plants usability was bad. The results will form a basic knowledge for in-depth studies to provide a government policy of Rembang Regency in order to develop an efficient strategy of management and conservation of wood apple as plant identity.


Keywords


Ethnobotany; Rembang; Traditional knowledge; Wood apple

Full Text:

PDF

References


Albuquerque, U. P., de Sousa Arajo, T. A., Ramos, M. A., Do Nascimento, V. T., de Lucena, R. F. P., Monteiro, J. M., Alencar, N. L. & Lima Arajo, E. (2009). How ethnobotany can aid biodiversity conservations: Reflection on investigation in the semi-arid region of NE Brazil. Biodiversity and Conservation, 18(1), 127-150.

Ayantunde, A. A., Briejer, M., Hiernaux, P., Udo, H. M., & Tabo, R. (2008). Botanical knowledge and its differentiation by age, gender and ethnicity in Southwestern Niger. Human Ecology, 36(6), 881-889.

Buvanaratchagan, A. & Dhandapani, R. (2016). Antifungal Activity of Ethanolic Leaf Extract of Limonia acidissima against Dermatophytes. Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences, 4(11D), 4161-4163

Banupriya, T. L. & Vijayakumar, P. (2016). Anti nutrient and phytochemical screening of an underutilized fruit seed: Limonia acidissima. International Journal of Innovative Research In Technology, 2(9), 7-14

Begossi, A., Hanazaki, N., & Tamashiro, J. Y. (2002). Medicinal plants in the Atlantic Forest (Brazil): knowledge, use, and conservation. Human ecology, 30(3), 281-299.

Cruz, M. P., Peroni, N., & Albuquerque, U. P. (2013). Knowledge, use and management of native wild edible plants from a seasonal dry forest (NE, Brazil). Journal of Ethnobiology & Ethnomedicine, 9(1), 79.

Ellen, R. F., & Soselisa, H. L. (2012). A comparative study of the socio-ecological concomitants of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) diversity, local knowledge and management in Eastern Indonesia. Ethnobotany Research and Applications, 10, 015-035.

Gomez-Beloz, A. (2002). Plant use knowledge of the Winikina Warao: the case for questionnaires in ethnobotany. Economic Botany, 56(3), 231-241.

Honfo, H., Tovissod, F. C., Gnangl, C., Mensah, S., Salako, V. K., Assogbadjo, A. E., Agbangla C., & Kaka, R. G. (2015). Traditional Knowledge and Use Value of Bamboo in Southeastern Benin: Implications for sustainable management. Ethnobotany Research and Applications, 14, 139-153.

Kewessa, G., Abebe, T., & Demessie, A. (2015). Indigenous knowledge on the use and management of medicinal trees and shrubs in Dale District, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Ethnobotany Research and Applications, 14, 171-182.

Luizza, M. W., Young, H., Kuroiwa, C., Evangelista, P., Worede, A., Bussmann, R., & Weimer, A. (2013). Local Knowledge of Plants and their uses among Women in the Bale Mountains, Ethiopia. Ethnobotany Research & Applications, 11, 315-339.

Muna, K., & Rahayu, E. S. (2015). Optimasi Medium Pembibitan Kawista (Limonia acidissima L.) dengan Mikoriza Vesikular Arbuskular (Mva) dan Kompos. Life Science, 4(1), 22-28.

Orwa. (2009). Agroforestry Database 4.0. pp. 1-5.

Patel, A. S., & Pandey, A. K. (2014). Fortification of Limonia acidissima Linn Fruit Powder to Develop the Phynolic Enriched Herbal Biscuits. Journal of Bioresource Engineering and Technology, 1, 74-85.

Pradhan, D., Tripathy, G., & Patanaik, S. (2012). Anticancer activity of Limonia acidissima Linn (Rutaceae) fruit extracts on human breast cancer cell lines. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 11(3), 413-419.

Souto, T., & Ticktin, T. (2012). Understanding Interrelationships Among Predictors (Age, Gender, and Origin) of Local Ecological Knowledge1. Economic Botany, 66(2), 149-164.

Statistics of Rembang Regency. (2016). Rembang in Figure. Rembang: Statistics of Rembang Regency.

Takawira-Nyenya, R., Newton, L. E., Wabuyele, E., & Stedje, B. (2014). Ethnobotanical Uses of Sansevieria Thunb. (Asparagaceae) in Coast Province of Kenya. Ethnobotany Research & Applications, 12, 051-069.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/biosaintifika.v9i3.11542

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.