Purification and Partial Characterization of α-Amylase Produced by a Thermo-Halophilic Bacterium Isolate PLS 75

Teuku M. Iqbalsyah, Farah Fajarna, Febriani Febriani

Abstract


Bio-based industries require stable enzymes in a broad range of environmental conditions. Extremophiles have attracted more interests as the source of such enzymes, one of which is α-amylase. This study aimed to purify and characterize α-amylase produced by a thermo-halophilic bacterium PLS 75 isolated from underwater fumaroles. Ammonium sulfate precipitation results showed that the highest specific α-amylase activity (21.7 U/mg) obtained at 40-60% saturation level, with a purity of 7.7-fold of the crude extract with 16.2% yield. Further purification using DEAE Sepharose column chromatography increased the enzyme purity 11.1-fold of the crude extract with 7.1% yield. Specific activity after column chromatography purification was 31.3 U/mg. The pure enzyme had a low molecular weight of 14 kDa. The enzyme showed the highest activity at 80 °C and pH 5. The activity increased to 126% when in methanol, while decreased when in ethyl acetate and chloroform. The characteristics of α-amylase with low molecular weight, which was active in acidic condition, stable in polar and non-polar solvents, may be used for for specific industrial needs.


Keywords


α-amylase; DEAE Sepharose; Halostable; PLS; Thermostable

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/biosaintifika.v10i3.15861

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