Moringa oleifera Distribution in Java and Lesser Sunda Islands which is Attributed with Annual Rainfall

Indira Riastiwi, I Putu Gede P. Damayanto, Ridwan Ridwan, Tri Handayani, Aryani Leksonowati

Abstract


The distribution data of moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) in Indonesia is needed to develop moringa as an additional nutrient for functional food. Therefore, a study to this issue has been conducted. The aim of the research is to draw up the distribution map of moringa in Java and Lesser Sunda Islands (LSI). In addition, this distribution map also attributed with average annual rainfall to know the trend of the suitability moringa for rainfall. This research has been conducted with four approaches: collecting specimens, direct observation of living plant, direct observation of specimen herbarium and literature study. All data were analyzed and arranged into the distribution maps of moringa in Java and the LSI which is attributed with annual rainfall. The result showed that moringa in entire Java mostly distributed in the area: Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, Yogyakarta, the north part of East Java, Madura and Kangean. While, moringa in LSI distributed in the southern part of Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Kupang, Flores, Sumba and Alor. The average annual rainfall of 1500-2000 mm is the ideal condition for moringa plants to grow well. This map and information can be utilized by the stakeholders to determine the moringa developing area as a functional food.


Keywords


Moringa oleifera; Distribution; Java; Lesser Sunda Islands; Annual rainfall



DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/biosaintifika.v10i3.16115

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Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education by Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Semarang is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licensep-ISSN (Print) 2085-191X | e-ISSN (Online) 2338-7610