Potency of Brown Sugar as a Nectar Substitute for Trichoglossus haematodus in Captivity

Siti Nuramaliati Prijono, Rini Rachmatika

Abstract


Trichoglossus haematodus (Linnaeus, 1771) is nectarivorous bird that feed on nectar as a source of carbohydrate. In captivity, it is not practical to provide a continued diet of nectar  from the flowers. Therefore, this study aimed to find other carbohydrate sources such as brown sugar as substitute nectar for T. haematodus. Twelve wild T. haematodus in four cages offered five types different brown sugar solution with different concentrations. Since brown sugar has low protein content, therefore the birds also  offered commercial baby biscuit  to meet the protein requirement.  The results showed that the birds like to consume all types of brown sugar solution with sugar concentration up to 40% . However, the siwalan brown sugar solution was the most favored by the bird. over the other type of brown sugar solutions (aren, coconut, sugar cane and regular commercial “palm” brown sugar).  Furthermore, the result showed that the birds prefer commercial baby biscuit was soaked in the brown sugar solution with concentration 20%. This study provides the information that the brown sugar solution based diet has potency as  an alternative carbohydrate source  to substitute nectar  for T. haematodus in captivity which  is more practical and can increase the survival rate in birds. 


Keywords


brown sugar, captivity, nectarivorous bird, nutrition, lorikeet

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/biosaintifika.v11i2.18730

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