Keanekaragaman Jenis Kupu-Kupu Superfamili Papilionoidae di Banyuwindu, Limbangan Kendal

Ratna Oqtafiana, Bambang Priyono, Margareta Rahayuningsih

Abstract


Kupu-kupu turut memberi andil dalam mempertahankan keseimbangan ekosistem dan memperkaya keanekaragaman hayati. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui keanekaragaman jenis kupu-kupu superfamili Papilionoidae di Dukuh Banyuwindu Desa Limbangan Kecamatan Limbangan Kabupaten Kendal khususnya di habitat hutan sekunder, permukiman, Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) dan persawahan.Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah semua jenis kupu-kupu superfamili Papilionoidae yang ada di Banyuwindu, Limbangan Kendal. Sampel penelitian ini adalah jenis kupu-kupu superfamili Papilionoidae yang teramati di Banyuwindu Limbangan Kendal khususnya di habitat hutan sekunder, permukiman, DAS dan persawahan. Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode Indeks Point Abudance (IPA) atau metode titik hitung.Hasil penelitian ditemukan sebanyak 62 jenis kupu-kupu superfamili Papilionoidae yang terdiri dari 737 individu yang tergolong kedalam empat famili yaitu Papilionidae, Pieridae, Lycaenidae dan Nymphalidae. Hasil analisis indeks keanekaragaman jenis berkisar antara 2,74-3,09, indeks kemerataan jenis berkisar antara 0,86-0,87 dan memiliki dominansi berkisar antara 0,07-0,09. Indeks keanekaragaman jenis dan indeks kemerataan jenis tertinggi tercatat pada habitat permukiman yaitu 3,09 dan 0,87 dan memiliki dominansi 0,07 sedangkan terendah tercatat pada habitat persawahan yaitu 2,74 dan 0,86 dan memiliki dominansi 0,07.

Butterfly also contribute in maintaining the ecological balance and enrich biodiversity. The aim of this research was to determine the diversity of butterflies superfamily Papilionoidae in Banyuwindu Hamlet Limbangan Sub district Kendal Regency, especially in the secondary forest habitat, settlements, river flow area (RFA) and rice field. The population in this research were all kinds of butterflies Papilionoidae superfamily in Banyuwindu, Limbangan Kendal. The sample was kind of butterfly superfamily Papilionoidae that observed in Banyuwindu Limbangan Kendal especially in secondary forest habitat, settlements, RFA and rice field. This research was conducted using Index point Abundance (IPA) or point count method. The result of this research indicate 62 species of butterflies Papilionoidae superfamily consisting of 737 individuals were classified into four families that Papilionidae, Pieridae, Lycaenidae and Nymphalidae have been found. The results of the analysis of species diversity index ranged from 2.74 to 3.09, evenness index ranged from 0.86 to 0.87 and has a range between 0.07 to 0.09 dominance. Species diversity index and evenness index highest in residential habitats are 3.09 and 0.87 and have dominance 0.07 while the lowest was recorded in rice field habitats are 2.74 and 0.86, and has a 0.07 dominance.


Keywords


Diversity; Banyuwindu Hamlet; butterfly; Papilionoidae

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/biosaintifika.v5i1.3924

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