A Preliminary Study of Bryophytes in Enggano Island, Bengkulu, Indonesia

Ainun Nadhifah, Muhammad Imam Surya

Abstract


Enggano Island is one of the outer islands that belongs to the Province of Bengkulu. Furthermore, there is very limited information about the diversity of bryophyte from Sumatera, especially in lowland forest, Enggano Island. The aim of this research was to provide the initial information related to the diversity of bryophytes in Enggano. The research was conducted in six forests i.e. primary, secondary and degraded forests. The results showed that 32 number of collection from 14 families, 21 genera, and 32 species were identified. Leceuneaceae was common family for liverworts while the mosses family was dominated by Hypnaceae. None of the hornworts were found in this study. Some species identified (Taxyphyllum sp., Vesicularia sp., Riccardia sp., and Thuidium sp.) have the potential benefit and biological activity. Two genera were new records to Sumatra, Gongylanthus, and Symphyogyna. Moreover, Gongylanthus sp. and Symphyogyna sp. have important records related to the habitat.

How to Cite

Nadhifah, A., & Surya, M. I. (2016). A Preliminary Study of Bryophytes in Enggano Island, Bengkulu, Indonesia. Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education, 8(2), 201-205.


Keywords


bryophyte; diversity; Enggano Island

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akiyama, H. (2009). Taxiphyllum barbieri Revisited - Bryophytes Used in Aquarium. Bryological Research, 9, 348354.

Alam, A. (2012). Some Indian Bryophytes Known for Their Biologically Active Compounds. International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical, 3(2), 239246.

Anonymous. (2004). USAID Strategic Plan for Indonesia 2004-2008: Strengthening a Moderate, Stable & Productive Indonesia. Washington DC: United States Agency for International Development.

Bapedalda. (2005). Laporan Akhir Studi Daya Dukung Lingkungan Pulau Enggano Provinsi Bengkulu. Bengkulu: Pusat Penelitian Lingkungan Universitas Bengkulu.

Bapedalda. (2006). Laporan Kegiatan Studi Daya Dukung Pemanfaatan & Pengembangan Kepulauan Enggano. Bengkulu: Pusat Penelitian Lingkungan Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Bengkulu.

Bartram, E. B. (1939). Mosses of The Philippines. The Philippine Journal of Science, 68(1), 1437.

Bengen, D. (2002). Menuju Pengelolaan Wilayah Pesisir Terpadu Berbasis DAS. In Seminar Hari Ulang Tahun Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. Jakarta: 25-26 September 2002.

Direktorat Pendayaan Pulau-Pulau Kecil. (2015). Enggano. Retrieved November 4, 2015, from http://www.ppk-kp3k.kkp.go.id/direktori-pulau/index.php/public_c/pulau_info/295

Dixon, H. N. (1932). Contributions to The Moss Flora of Sumatera. Annales Bryologici, 5, 1750.

Eddy, A. (1990). Handbook of Malesian Mosses (Leucobryac, Vol. 2). London: Natural History Museum Publications.

Fischer, E. (2013). Liverworts and Hornworts of Rwanda (Vol. 16). Brussels: Abc Taxa.

Glime, J. M. (2006). Bryophyte Ecology. Retrieved September 7, 2015, from http://www.bryoecol.mtu.edu/

Gradstein, S. R. (2009). Guide to the Liverworts and Hornworts of Java (Prelim. ed). Bogor: SEAMEO-BIOTROP.

Haerida, I., & Ho, B. C. (2014). Bryophytes of Mt . Tukung Gede Nature Reserve, Banten Province, Indonesia. Hikobia, 16, 453457.

Ho, B.-C., Tan, B. C., & Hernawati, N. S. (2006). A Checklist of Mosses of Sumatera, Indonesia. Journal Hattori Botanical Laboratory, 100, 143190.

Iskandar, E. A. P. (2008). The Liverworts of Mt. Tangkuban Perahu. Jakarta: LIPI Press.

McCormick, F. A. (1914). A Study of Symphyogyna aspera. Botanical Gazette, 58(5), 401418.

Rugayah, Widjaja, E. A., & Praptiwi. (2005). Pedoman Pengumpulan Data Keanekaragaman Flora. Bogor: Pusat Penelitian Biologi LIPI.

Sderstrm, L., Gradstein, S. R., & Hagborg, A. (2010). Checklist of The Hornworts and Liverworts of Java. Phytotaxa, 9, 53149.

Sderstrm, L., Hagborg, A., von Konrat, M., Bartholomew-Began, S., Bell, D., Briscoe, L., Zhu, R.-L. (2016). World Checklist of Hornworts and Liverworts. PhytoKeys, 59, 1828.

Suleiman, M. S., & Akiyama, H. (2014). Malesian Chaetomitrium (Symphyodontaceae, Musci): Type Illustrations, Taxonomical Notes, and Key to The Species. Humans and Nature, 25, 162.

Tan, B. C., Leong, L. K., & Wah, C. H. (2004). A Case of Mistaken Identity? What is The True Identity of Java Moss and Other Aquarium Mosses sold in Singapore Shops? Singapore Scientist 102, 811.

Touw, A. (2001). A Taxonomic Revision of The Thuidiaceae (Musci) of Tropical Asia, The Western Pacific, and Hawaii. Journal Hattori Botanical Laboratory, 91, 1136.

Windadri, F. I. (2009). Keragaman Lumut Di Resort Karang Ranjang, Taman Nasional Ujung Kulon, Banten. Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan, 10(1), 1925.

Windadri, F. I. (2010). Keanekaragaman Lumut Di Taman Nasional Bukit Barisan Selatan, Provinsi Lampung, Sumatera. Berita Biologi, 10(2), 159165.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/biosaintifika.v8i2.5239

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.