Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants in Karangwangi, District of Cianjur, West Java

Desak Made Malini(1), Madihah Madihah(2), Joko Kusmoro(3), Fitri Kamilawati(4), Johan Iskandar(5),

(1) Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran
(2) Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
(3) Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
(4) Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
(5) Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia


The knowledge and usage of plant as medicinal remedy by current generation are not as extensive as previous; therefore, many rural communities with restricted modern medical access still rely on traditional medicine. This paper provides significant ethnobotanical information on medicinal plants in Karangwangi Village of Cianjur District, West Java Indonesia. This study aimed to identify plants collected for medical purposes by the local people as well as to document the local names, uses, preparation, and location of these plants. Ethno botanical data was recorded by opting people participation and key informant approach involving semi-structured interviews, group discussions and filling of questionnaires. The results showed a total of 114 medicinal plants belonging to 50 families were identified. Zingiberaceae was the most-frequently cited (nine species), followed by Asteraceae, Euphorbiaceae, and Fabaceae (seven species each). The most-used plant parts were leaves (51.8%), followed by stems (22.9%) and the most common preparations were decoction, poultice and squeezed. Most of the plants were obtained from the house-yard and total of 30 medicinal uses were recorded. The ethnobotanical result documented in this study showed that this area is rich in medicinal plants and these plants are still commonly used for medicinal purposes among the people in their daily lives. Ethnobotanical heritage should be preserved, however, there is a gradual loss of traditional knowledge about these plants in new generation. Further, the findings can be used as baseline information for further scientific investigation for analyzing phytochemical, pharmaceutical and other biological activities for future drug discovery.


ethnobotany; medicinal plants; Karangwangi Village; Cianjur

Full Text:



Bernard, H. R. (2004). Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and quantitative methods, 3rd ed. AltaMira Press,Walnut Creek, California.

Bhom, B. A. & Stuessy, T. F. (2001). Introduction to the Sunflower family – Biology and distribution. In Flavonoids of the Sunflower Family (Asteraceae), Springer-Verlag: Wien, 2001; pp 3-17.

Bibi, T., Ahmad, M., Tareen, R. B., Tareen, N. M., Jabeen, R., Rehman, S. U., ... & Yaseen, G. (2014). Ethnobotany of medicinal plants in district Mastung of Balochistan province-Pakistan. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 157, 79-89.

Brouwer, N., Liu, Q., Harrington, D., Kohen, J., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., ... & Randall, D. (2005). An ethnopharmacological study of medicinal plants in New South Wales. Molecules, 10(10), 1252-1262.

Cunningham, A. B. (2001). Applied Ethnobotany: People, World Plant Use & Conservation. Earthscan Publication, London and Sterling.

Dalimartha, S. (2009). Atlas Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia, Jilid 6. Jakarta: Pustaka Bunda. h:89-94.

de Boer, H. J. & Cotingting, C. (2014). Medicinal plants for women’s healthcare in southeast Asia : a meta-analysis of their traditional use, chemical constituents, and pharmacology. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 151(2), 747–767.

Giday, M., Asfaw, Z., & Woldu, Z. (2009). Medicinal plants of the Meinit ethnic group of Ethiopia: an ethnobotanical study. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 124(3), 513-521.

Hartanto, S., Fitmawati, & Nery S. (2014). Studi Etnobotani Famili Zingiberaceae dalam Kehidupan Masyarakat Lokal di Kecamatan Pangean Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi, Riau. Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education, 6(2), 98-108.

Iskandar, J. & Iskandar, B. S. (2016). Etnoekologi dan Pengelolaan Agroekosistem oleh Penduduk desa Karangwangi Kecamatan Cidaun Cianjur Selatan Jawa Barat. Jurnal Biodjati, 1(1), 1-12.

Kumalasari, L. O. (2006). Pemanfaatan Obat Tradisional Dengan Pertimbangan Manfaat Dan Keamanannya. Majalah Ilmu Kefarmasian, 3(1), 1-7.

Mahyar, U. W., Burley, J. S., Gyllenhaal, C., & Soejarto, D. D. (1991). Medicinal plants of Seberida (Riau Province, Sumatra, Indonesia). Journal of ethnopharmacology, 31(2), 217-237.

Martin, G. J. (1995). Ethnobotany: A Methods Manual. Chapman & Hall, London.

Mwine, J. T. & Damme, P. V. (2011). Why do Euphorbiaceae tick as medicinal plants? A review of Euphorbiaceae family and its medicinal features, Medicinal Plants Research, 5(5), 652-662

Nasab, F. K., & Khosravi, A. R. (2014). Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants of Sirjan in Kerman Province, Iran. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 154(1), 190-197.

Newing, H., Eagle, C.W., Puri, R. K. & Watson, C. W. (2011). Conducting Research in Conservation: Social methods and practice. Routledge, London and New York.

Patwardhan, B. (2005). Traditional Medicine: Modern Approach for Affordable Global Health. World Health Organization (WHO) and Commission on Intellectual Property, Innovation, and Public Health (CIPIH) Study Nine on TM, Draft Report.

Roosita, K., Kusharto, C. M., Sekiyama, M., Fachrurozi, Y., & Ohtsuka, R. (2008). Medicinal plants used by the villagers of a Sundanese community in West Java, Indonesia. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 115(1), 72-81.

Schmidt, F. H. & Ferguson, J. H. A. (1951). Rainfall Types Based on Wet and Dry Period Ratios for Indonesia and Western New Guinea. Verh. Djawatan Met. dan Geofisik, Jakarta.

Shanthi, R.V., Jumari, & Munifatul I. (2014). Studi Etnobotani Pengobatan Tradisional untuk Perawatan Wanita di Masyarakat Keraton Surakarta Hadiningrat. Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education, 6(2), 61-69.

Silalahi, M., Walujo, E. B., Supriatna, J., & Mangunwardoyo, W. (2015). The local knowledge of medicinal plants trader and diversity of medicinal plants in the Kabanjahe traditional market, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 175, 432-443.

Siswanto, Y. W. (2004). Penanganan Hasil Panen Tanaman Obat Komersial. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Smith, N. M. (1991). Ethnobotanical Field Notes from the Northern Territory. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 14, 1-65.

Sukenti, K., Hakim, L., Indriyani, S., Purwanto, Y., & Matthews P. J. (2016). Ethnobotanical study on local cuisine of the Sasak tribe in Lombok Island, Indonesia. Journal of Ethnic Foods, 3(3), 189-200

Tilak, J. C., Banerjee, M., Mohan, H., & Devasagayam, T. P. A. (2004). Antioxidant availability of turmeric in relation to its medicinal and culinary uses. Phytotherapy Research, 18(10), 798-804.

Van Steenis, C. G. G. J. (2005). Flora. Penerjemah: M. Suryowinoto, S.Hardjosuwarno, S.S. Adisewojo, Wibisono, M. Partodidjojo, S. Wirjohardjo. Jakarta: PT Pradnya Paramita.

Webb, C. O., Cannon, C. H., Davies, S. J. (2008). Ecological organization, biogeography, and the phylogenetic structure of rainforest tree communities. In: Carson W, Schnitzer S (eds) Tropical Forest Community Ecology. Wiley-Blackwell, New York. (8 pt).

Wink, M. (2003). Evolution of secondary metabolites in legumes (Fabaceae). Phytochemistry. 64(1), 3-19.

World Health Organisation. (2002). Traditional Medicine Strategy 2002-2005; WHO: Geneva,


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.