The Effectiveness of Experimental Diet with Varying Levels of Papain on The Growth Performance, Survival Rate and Feed Utilization of Keureling Fish (Tor tambra)

Zainal Abidin Muchlisin, Fardin Afrido, Tanzil Murda, Nur Fadli, Abdullah A. Muhammadar, Zulkarnain Jalil, Cut Yulvizar

Abstract


The objective of present study was to determine the optimum level of papain in the diet of keureling fish (Tor tambra). The complete random design was utilized in this study. Six levels of papain dosage were tested in triplicates, i.e. 0 (control); 17.5 mg kg-1, 20.0 mg kg-1, 22.5 mg kg-1, 25.0 mg kg-1 and 27.5 mg kg-1 of feed. The experimental fish were fed the experimental diet two times a day at 8 AM and 5 PM at feeding level of 5% body weight for 90 days. The Anova test result showed that papain enzyme gave a significant effect on the weight gain, daily growth rate, specific growth rate, survival rate, feed conversion ratio and feed efficiency (P<0.05). The Duncan multi-rage test result showed that the higher values for all measured parameters were obtained at the dosage of 27.5 mg kg-1. Therefore, it is concluded that the optimum dosage of papain enzyme for keureling fish was 27.5 mg kg-1 of feed.

How to Cite

Muchlisin, Z. A., Afrido, F., Murda, T., Fadli, N., Muhammadar, A. A., Jalil, Z., & Yulvizar, C. (2016). The Effectiveness of Experimental Diet with Varying Levels of Papain on The Growth Performance, Survival Rate and Feed Utilization of Keureling Fish (Tor tambra). Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education, 8(2), 172-177.


Keywords


Mahseer; feed conversion ratio; feed efficiency; papain

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amalia, R., Subandiyono & Arini, E. (2013). The effect of papain on dietary protein utility and growth of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Aquaculture Management and Technology, 2(1), 136-143.

Hasan, O. D. S. (2000). Pengaruh pemberian enzim papain dalam pakan buatan terhadap pemanfaatan protein dan pertumbuhan benih ikan gurame (Osphronemus gouramy). Thesis, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Hepher, B. (1988). Nutrition of pond fish. Cambridge University Press, Cambrigde.

Muchlisin, Z. A. & Siti-Azizah, M. N. (2009). Diversity and distribution of freshwater fishes in Aceh waters, northern Sumatera, Indonesia. International Journal of Zoological Research, 5(2), 62-79.

Muchlisin, Z. A. (2013a). Potency of freshwater fishes in Aceh waters as a basis for aquaculture development program. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 13(1), 91-96.

Muchlisin, Z. A., Nazir, M., Fadli, N. & Adlim, M. (2013b). Growth performance, protein and lipid retentions on the carcass of Acehnese mahseer, Tor tambra (Pisces: Cyprinidae) fed commercial diet at different levels of protein. Makalah, Seminar Hasil Penelitian Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh.

Muchlisin, Z. A., Munazir, A. M., Fuady, Z., Winaruddin, W., Sugianto, S., Adlim, M., Fadli, N. & Hendri, A. (2014). Prevalence of ectoparasites on mahseer fish (Tor tambra Valenciennes, 1842) from aquaculture ponds and wild population of Nagan Raya District, Indonesia. HVM Bioflux, 6(3), 148-152.

Muchlisin, Z. A., Fuadi, Z., Munazir, A. M., Fadli, N., Winaruddin, W., Defira, C. N. & Hendri, A. (2015a). First report on Asian fish tapeworm (Bothriocephalus acheilognathi) infection of indigenous mahseer (Tor tambra) from Nagan Raya District, Aceh Province, Indonesia. Bulgarian Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 18(4), 361-366

Muchlisin, Z. A., Batubara, A. S., Siti-Azizah, M. N., Adlim, M., Hendri, A., Fadli, N., Muhammadar, A. A., Sugianto, S. (2015b). Feeding habit and length weight relationship of keureling fish, Tor tambra Valenciennes, 1842 (Cyprinidae) from the western region of Aceh Province, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 16(1), 89-94

Muchlisin, Z. A., Arisa, A. A., Muhammadar, A. A., Fadli, N., Arisa, I. I. & Siti-Azizah, M. N. (2016). Growth performance and feed utilization of keureling (Tor tambra) fingerlings fed a formulated diet with different doses of vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol). Archives of Polish Fisheries, 24(1), 47-52.

Muchtadi, D., Palupi, S. R. & Astawan, M. (1992). Enzim dalam Industri Pangan. Pusat Antar Universitas Pangan dan Gizi. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Steffens, W. (1989). Principles of fish nutrition. New York: Ellis horwood limited, John Willey and Sons.

Zar, J. H. (1984). Biostatistical analysis, 2nd edition. USA: Prentice Hall, Englewood.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/biosaintifika.v8i2.5777

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.