Resistance of Advanced Soybean Lines to Pod Borrer (Etiella zinckenella)

Heru Kuswantoro, Marida S. Y. I. Bayu, Yuliantoro Baliadi, Wedanimbi Tengkano


The increasing and stabilizing of soybean product in Indonesia face many limitations. One of the limiting factors is pod borrer (Etiella zinckenella Treitschke) infestation that is able to cause yield loss up to 80%. Objective of the research was to find out some advanced soybean lines that resistant to pod borrer. Design was randomized complete block with three replications. Soybean lines were grown gradualy to ensure the simultanously flowering. The plants were caged at 35 days after planting (DAT) and infested with the imago of E. zinckenella at 56 DAT. Results showed that different soybean lines affected imago population, eggs population, larvae population, infected pods and infected seeds. Some genotypes were consistantly resistant to E. zinckenella. The resistance of those genotypes were non preference resistance based on eggs population, larvae population, infected pod and infected seeds. This study discovered nine soybean lines that is resistant to E. zinckenella, so that it can be beneficial for improving soybean resistance to this pest through releasing as a new resistant pod borer variety after tested further in potential yield and genetic x environment interaction trials. In addition, there were three varieties and two germplasm accessions that can be used as gene sources for improving the resistance of the varieties. The three varieties are able to be cultivated directly in field to decrease the E. zinckenella occurrence.


E. zinckenella; soybean lines; infected pod; infected seed

Full Text:



(2009). Determination of the resistance status of experimental soybeans to the lima bean pod borer, Etiella zinckenella Treitschke and the Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci Gennadius at El-Dakhla Oases, New Valley, Egypt. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 42(6), 552-558.

Baliadi, Y., Tengkano, W., & Marwoto. (2008a). Soybean pod borer, Etiella zinckenella Treitschke (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), and the controlling strategy in Indonesia. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian, 27(4), 113-123.

Baliadi, Y., Tengkano, W., Bedjo, & Purwantoro. (2008b). Validation of recommendation of soybean integrated pest management in lowland field with planting patern of rice-soybean-soybean. Agritek, 16(3), 492-500.

Chiang, H. S., & Talekar, N. S. (1980). Identification of source of resistance and to the bean fly and two other agromyzid flies in soybean and mungbean. Journal of Economic Entomology, 73(2), 197-199.

Inayati, A., & Yusnawan, E. (2016). Characteristics of Superior Soybean Breeding Lines Tolerance to Rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi). Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education, 8(1), 47-55.

Oki, N., Komatsu, K., Sayama, T., Ishimoto, M., Takahashi, M., & Takahashi, M. (2012). Genetic analysis of antixenosis resistance to the common cutworm (Spodoptera litura Fabricius) and its relationship with pubescence characteristics in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). Breeding Science, 61(5), 608-617.

Permana, A. D., Johari, A., Putra, R. E., Sastrodihadjo, S., & Ahmadi, I. (2012). The influence of trichome characters of soybean (Glycine max Merrill) on oviposition preference of soybean pod borer Etiella zinckenella Treitschke (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Indonesia. Journal of Entomology and Nematology, 4(3), 15-21.

Santi M. Y. I. B., Baliadi, Y., Suhartina, & Tengkano, W. (2014). Response of soybean promising lines for acid soil and drought tolerances to pod borer. Proceeding Proceeding of National Seminar of Legume and Tuber Crops Research Results 2013. Indonesian Center for Food Crops Research and Development. pp. 245-255.

Susanto, G. W. A., & Adie, M. M. (2008). Characteristic of morphological resistance on soybean genotype pod borer insect (Etiella zinckenella Tr.). Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan 27(2), 95-100.

Tabata, J., & Yasuda, K. (2011). The sex pheromone of the lima bean pod borer Etiella zinckenella (Treitschke). JARQ, 45(1), 47-50.

Taghizadeh, R., Talebi, A. A,, Fathipour , Y., & Khalghani, J. (2012). Effect of ten soybean cultivars on development and reproduction of lima bean pod borer, Etiella zinckenella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) under laboratory conditions. Appl. Ent. Phytopath. 79, 15-28.

Tengkano, W., Purwantoro, & Baliadi, Y. (2010). Identification of early maturing soybean genotypes that resistant to pod borer pest Etiella Zinckenella Tr. (Lepiodoptera: Pyralidae). Proceeding of National Seminar of Legume and Tuber Crops Research Results. Indonesian Center for Food Crops Research and Development, p. 217-232.

Tengkano, W., Supriyatin, Suharsono, Bedjo, Prayogo, Y., & Purwantoro. (2006). Status of soybean pests and natural enemies in acidic dryland Lampung. p: 511-526. In Suharsono et al. (eds). Proceeding of National Seminarof Increasing Legume and Tuber Crops Production for Supporting Food Self Sufficiency. Indonesian Center for Food Crops Research and Development.

Wagiman, F. X., Turnipseed, S., & Linser, W. (1987). An evaluation of soybean pests, factors affecting their abundance, and recommendation for integrated pest management in Java. Survey Report. Departement of Entomology and Phytopathology, Faculty of Agriculture, Gajah Mada University, Yogyakarta. 21 pp.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.