Study of Mistletoe in Joben Resort Forest Mount Rinjani Lombok

Wahyuni Dwi Fikriani, Tri Mulyaningsih, Evy Aryanti

Abstract


Mistletoes are one group of hemiparasite plants, including the Lorantaceae family that have potential as medicinal. These hemiparasite plants can attack flowering plant (Magnoliophyta) and non-floweing plant (Pinophyta), especially on the main stems, branches and twigs. The objective of this research is to identify the species of mistletoe and its hosts, make identification key, descriptions, and to make a distribution map of mistletoe in Joben Resort forest south of Mount Rinjani Lombok. This study is descriptive explorative research with three kinds of collecting sample methods i.e exploration, continous strip sampling, and delenation method. The research found five species of mistletoes are included in three genera i.e Amyema cuernosensis, Amyema enneantha, Amyema tristis, Macrosolen retusus and Scurrula artropurpurea. These five kinds of mistletoe are associated with 23 hosts species of plants, 18 genera from 13 families. The most favorite host of these mistletoes is Ficus septica, and the most agresive mistletoe is Scurrula artropurpurea. The important finding of the research is finding new species or new record of mistletoes. The benefit of these new record or new species is providing new material of new medicinal for treating some diseases such as various cancers.


Keywords


mistletoe, Loranthaceae; Mount Rinjani; Lombok

Full Text:

PDF

References


Asare-Bediako, E., Addo-Quaye, A. A., Tetteh, J. P., Buah, J. N., Van Der Puije, G. C., & Acheampong, R. A. (2013). Prevalence of Mistletoe On Citrus Trees In The Abura-Asebu-Kwamankese District of The Central Region of Ghana. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 2(7), 122-127.

Backer, C. A. & Bakhuizen Van Den Brink, R. C.. (1965). Flora of Java (Spermato- phytes Only). Vol. II, Angiosperm Families 111-160. N.V. P. Noordhoff-Groni-ngen, The Hague, Netherlands. Loranthaceae, pp. 67-74.

Barlow, B. A. (1991). Conspectus of the genera Scurrula L. and Taxillus Tieghem (Loranthaceae) in the Malesian region. Blumea-Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants, 36(1), 63-85

Barlow, B. A. (1992). Conspectus of the genus Amyema Tieghem (Loranthaceae). Blumea-Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants, 36(2), 293-381

Barlow, B. A. (1997). Loranthaceae. In: C Kalkman, DW Kirkup, HP Nootebom, PF Stevens, WJJO de Wilde (eds.) Flora Malesiana Series. 13 (1): 209-401. Noordhoff. Groningen.

Danser, B. H. (1929). On the taxonomy and the nomenclature of the Loranthaceae of Asia and Australia. Archipel Drukkerij.

Danser, B. H. (1931). The Loranthaceae of the Netherlands Indies. Archipel Drukkerij.

Danser, B. H. (1935). A revision of the Philippine Loranthaceae. Bureau of Printing.

Devkota, M. P., Joshi, G. P., & Parajuli, P. (2010). Diversity, distribution and host range of mistletoe in protected and unprotected areas of Central Nepal Himalayas. Banko Janakari, 20(2), 14-20.

Dlama, T. T., Oluwagbemileke, A. S., & Enehezeyi, A. R. (2016). Mistletoe presence on five tree species of Samaru area, Nigeria. African Journal of Plant Science, 10(1), 16-22.

Mulyaningsih, T., Marsono, D., Sumardi, & Yamada, I. (2014). Selection of superior breeding infraspecies gaharu of Gyrinops versteegii (Gilg.) Domke. Agricurtural Science and Technology, B4(2014), 485-492.

Pelser, P. B. (edt.). (2015). Loranthaceae in Philippine. URL.: http://www.philippine plants.org/Families/Loranthaceae.html.

Pramudanti, D. R., Padaga, M. C., & Winarso, D. (2013). Pengaruh terapi ekstrak air benalu mangga (Dendrophthoe pentandra) terhadap kadar albumin dan gambaran histopatologi ginjal hewan model tikus (Rattus norvegicus) hiperkolesterolemia. Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Hewan, Program Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Brawijaya

Radford, A.E., Dickison, W. C., Massey, J. R., & Bell, C. R. (1974). Vascular plant systematic. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc.

Rugayah, E., Widjaja, A. & Pratiwi. (2004). Pedoman pengumpulan data keaneka-ragaman flora. Bogor: Pusat Penelitian Biologi LIPI.

Simon, H. (2007). Metode inventore hutan. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Sunaryo. (2008). Pemarasitan benalu Dendrophthoe pentandra (L.) Miq. Pada tanaman koleksi Kebun Raya Cibodas, Jawa Barat. Natur Indonesia, 11(1), 48-58.

Sunaryo, R. E., Rachman, E. & Uji, T. (2007). Keanekaragaman Jenis Benalu Parasit Pada Tanaman Koleksi Di Kebun Raya Eka Karya. Bali. Berkala Penelitian Hayati, 13, 1-5.

Sunaryo, S., Rachman, E., & Uji, T. (2010). Kerusakan morfologi tumbuhan koleksi Kebun Raya Purwodadi oleh benalu (Loranthaceae dan Viscaceae). Berita Biologi, 8(2), 129-139.

Vidal-Russell, R., & Nickrent, D. L. (2008a). The first mistletoes: Origins of aerial parasitism in Santalales. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 47(2), 523-537.

Vidal-Russell, R., & Nickrent, D. L. (2008b). Evolutionary Relationships In The Showy Mistletoe Family (Loranthaceae). American Journal of Botany, 95(8), 1015-1029.

Yunita, E. (2014). Morfologi dan sebaran benalu pada tumbuhan inang di desa Kedondong Sidoarjo Jawa Timur. Skripsi. Malang: Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam. Universitas Negeri Malang.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/biosaintifika.v9i2.8427

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.