Traditional Knowledge on The Animal Utilization by The Hatam Tribe of Manokwari, West Papua Province

Simon Sutarno, Ibnul Qayim, Ignatius Muhadiono, Yohanes Purwanto, Ervizal A. M. Zuhud


Animal utilization in traditional community life is an integral part of traditional knowledge itself. This research aims to reveal the Hatam peoples traditional knowledge about the utilization of animals in their lives. The method used is the exploratory survey method. The respondents were determined purposively using the snowball sampling technique. The results showed that there are at least 55 species of animals commonly used by the Hatam people. Based on the forms of utilization, the animals can be divided into six groups: consumption, traditional medicine, specific meanings, traditional technology and arts, significant value, and traditional purposes. Wild animals are most widely used for the living needs of the Hatam people. The traditional hunt that is limited and the communal land ownership system (ulayat system) practiced by the Hatam people have indirectly helped preserve and ensure the availability of wildlife for the Hatam peoples needs. In addition to being a form of documentation of Hatam peoples traditional knowledge, the results of this research also have significance for the development of science especially in the field of ethnozoology. The form of interaction between Hatam people and animals revealed in this research can also serve as a reference for designing development policies related to the presence of Hatam people in the Arfak mountains.


Ethnozoological; Papua; Hatam; Traditional knowledge

Full Text:



Apomfires, F., & Sapulete, K. (1994). Masyarakat Arfak di Anggi, Kabupaten Manokwari. In Koentjaraningrat (Ed.), Irian Jaya, Membangun Masyarakat Majemuk (pp. 139155). Jakarta: Djambatan.

Dweba, T. P., & Mearns, M. A. (2011). Conserving indigenous knowledge as the key to the current and future use of traditional vegetables. International Journal of Information Management, 31(6), 564571.

Egeru, A. (2012). Role of indigenous knowledge in climate change adaptation: A case study of the Teso sub-region, Eastern Uganda. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 11(2), 217224.

Giam, X., Bradshaw, C. J. A., Tan, H. T. W., & Sodhi, N. S. (2010). Future habitat loss and the conservation of plant biodiversity. Biological Conservation, 143(7), 1594-1602.

Hastanti, B. W., & Yeny, I. (2009). Strategi Pengelolaan Cagar Alam Pegunungan Arfak menurut Kearifan Lokal Masyarakat Arfak di Manokwari Papua Barat (Management Strategy of Nature Reserve of Arfak Mountains Area According to Traditional Wisdom of Arfak People at Manokwari, West Papua), 1936.

Lepofsky, D. (2009). The Past, Present, and Future of Traditional Resource and Environmental Management. Source: Journal of Ethnobiology, 29(2), 161166.

Matualage, A. (2011). Keefektifan pembelajaran sosial kearifan lokal budidaya ubi jalar di kalangan suku Arfak kabupaten Manokwari. Kawistara, 1(1), 6878.

Nathan, I., Lund, S., & Theilade, I. (2007). The Importance of Local Knowledge and Interdisciplinary Research People, Trees and Agriculture in Africa: Constraints and Options for Improved Management of Trees in Tanzania and Burkina Faso. The Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies, 6(1), 16022297.

Pattiselanno, F., & Lubis, M. I. (2014). Hunting at the Abun Regional Marine Protected Areas: A Link Between Wildmeat and Food Security. HAYATI Journal of Biosciences, 21(4),

Pattiselanno, F., Manusawai, J., & Arobaya, A. Y. (2015). Review Pengelolaan dan Konservasi Satwa Berbasis Kearifan Tradisional di Papua (Wildlife Management and Conservation Based on Traditional Wisdom in Papua). Jurnal Manusia Dan Lingkungan, 22(1), 106112.

Pierotti, R., & Wildcat, D. (2000). Traditional ecological knowledge: the third alternative (commentary). Ecological applications, 10(5), 1333-1340.

Salosa, S. T., Awang, S. A., Suryanto, P., Purwanto, H., Yogyakarta, B., Kehutanan, F., & Mada, U. G. (2014). Hutan Dalam Kehidupan Masyarakat Hatam di Lingkungan Cagar Alam Pegunungan Arfak (Forest in Hatam Community Live on Arfak Mountains Natural Reserve Environment) Program Doktoral Program Studi Ilmu Kehutanan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, 21(3), 349355.

Tongco, M. D. C. (2007). Purposive sampling as a tool for informant selection. Ethnobotany Research and Applications, 5, 147158.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.