Assimilation Rights as a Right of Correctional Citizens: A View of the Indonesian Criminal Justice System

Mohamad Ashraff


The criminal justice system in Indonesia has the final stages in the criminal justice process. Correctional services in carrying out coaching for people convicted in the judicial system which previously adopted a prison system with the intention of making prisoners have a deterrent effect on what he did. Prisoners provide guidance in the correctional institution in accordance with the authority and main duties of the correctional institution, which provides services in the form of fostering people who are undergoing a criminal period to be accepted back into the community The inmates who carry out the guidance have a number of rights granted by the state. The guarantee for the granting of this right has been regulated in a formal legal instrument so that its implementation is a constitutional obligation. Correctional assisted residents have rights, one of which is assimilation. Assimilation is given as a commitment to the correctional model that is formed to achieve social reintegration. The function of a prisoner must be returned to the community in accordance with the ideals of the prison, namely so that the inmates can carry out socialization again to the community. Assimilation given has a number of terms and conditions that apply. At the coaching stage, assimilation is the final stage of coaching, to be ready to be released again and to process socially in the community.


Assimilation, Human Rights, Correctional Citizens

Full Text:



Arriatama, S. (2019). Analisis Pelaksanaan Hak Asimilasi Narapidana Wanita (Studi di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Perempuan Kelas IIA Way Hui Bandar Lampung). Thesis, Universitas Lampung.

Asofa, B. (2001). Metode Penelitian Hukum. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Hamzah, A. (1993). Sistem Pidana dan Pemidanaan Indonesia. Jakarta: Pradnya Paramita.

Panjaitan, P. I., & Simorangkir, P. (1991.) Lembaga Permasyarakatan dalam Perspektif Peradilan Agama. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Samosir, C. D. (2016). Penologi dan Pemasyarakatan. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Soekanto, S. (1986.) Pengantar Penelitian Hukum. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia Press.

Legal Documents

Republic of Indonesia. Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia No. 31 Tahun 1999 tentang Pembinaan dan Pembimbingan Warga Binaan Pemasyarakatan.

Republic of Indonesia. Permen Hukum dan HAM RI No M.2.PK.04-10 Tahun 2007 tentang Pelaksanaan Asimilasi Pembebasan Bersyarat, Cuti Menjelang Bebas, dan Cuti Bersyarat.

Republic of Indonesia. Undang-Undang Nomor 12 Tahun 1995 Tentang Pemasyarakatan.


  • There are currently no refbacks.