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Lockdown, shelter in place, quarantine, stay at home: What they mean and where you can go

by May Alanson (2020-04-07)

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id="article-body" class="row" section="article-body"> state and regional coronavirus guidelines are designed to keep public spaces empty and help residents self-isolate.

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For the most up-to-date news and information about the coronavirus pandemic, visit the WHO website.
With 1 million coronavirus cases reported worldwide, governments around the globe have ordered residents to self-quarantine at home, closed nonessential businesses and restricted what individuals can do. Across the world, hundreds of millions residents are mandated to stay at home in a global effort to check the spread of the novel coronavirus -- from Spain to India to the UK. Curfew. Shelter in place. Essential businesses. What do all these terms mean?

Will the police intercede if you leave the house? Where can you go? What should you avoid? And what can you do to protect yourself when you do leave the house? The rules and definitions depend on where you live, but in general, restrictions are tightening as countries brace for a swell in cases and deaths related to COVID-19. 

Keep scrolling for areas participating in shelter in place, stay at home, curfews, travel bans and what defines essential versus nonessential businesses. This story is updated frequently as the situation develops.

Now playing: Watch this: Coronavirus lockdown: Why social distancing saves lives


Shelter in place: Here's what states are doing
Shelter in place is a fairly restrictive directive that instructs residents to stay at home and only leave for essential tasks, like going to necessary doctor's appointments and the grocery store. In general, you can go on walks for errands and recreation while practicing social distancing -- and you can walk your dog and garden. You can also drive to and from essential services, but driving around for fun is out. But many businesses, like gyms and movie theaters, are closed while residents stay at home. US states from New Jersey to Alaska have ordered people to stay indoors. And to help individuals recover from the crisis, the federal government is sending coronavirus checks to many US citizens.

While in many areas, there's no police enforcement for shelter in place, in some regions, such as the counties of the San Francisco Bay Area, you can be fined or imprisoned if you don't comply.

Alaska: Gov. Mike Dunleavy mandated Alaskans to remain at their place of residences starting March 28 and closed nonessential businesses.

Arizona: Starting March 31, Gov. Doug Ducey ordered residents to stay home, stay healthy and stay connected, through April 30.

California: San Francisco Bay Area communities started sheltering in place as of March 17, expanding to a statewide mandate as of March 19. On March 22, Gov. Gavin Newsom requested a Presidential Major Disaster Declaration to get federal assistance with the crisis. On March 31, six Bay Area counties extended the shelter-in-place order the May 3. Statewide, seniors over 65 are ordered to stay indoors, except for walks and necessary appointments and are encouraged not to go to stores. 

Colorado: Starting March 26, Colorado Gov. Jared Polis ordered Coloradans to stay at home. The governor said he also requested a Presidential Major Disaster Declaration for federal assistance.

Connecticut: Gov. Ned Lamont issued a "Stay Safe, Stay Home" order for March 23, closing nonessential businesses statewide and asking residents to avoid contact with others when outside.

Delaware: Starting March 24, Gov. John Carney ordered residents of the state to shelter in place and closed nonessential businesses. The state provided a long list of what can and can't remain open.

Florida: On April 1, Gov. Ron DeSantis signed a "safer at home" executive order, requiring residents to limit their movements outside their home to essential services. Included in the list of essential activities is attending a religious service.

Georgia: On April 1, Gov. Brian Kemp said he would sign a shelter-in-place order starting April 3.

Hawaii: Gov. David Ige ordered anyone in the state -- residents and tourists alike -- to stay in their place of residence, including hotels, condominiums, townhomes, apartments or other multiunit dwellings, starting March 25. The governor had previously ordered anyone arriving in the state to self-quarantine.

Idaho: Gov. Brad Little ordered residents to stay home statewide for at least 21 days, except for essential services and outdoor exercise, staying 6 feet away from other individuals.

Illinois: Starting March 21, Gov. J. B. Pritzker ordered a statewide shelter in place, with essential services like pharmacies and clinics remaining open.   

Indiana: From March 25 to April 7, 쇼핑 Gov. Eric Holcomb ordered residents to stay at home, except for essential services, and prohibited onsite dining.

Kansas: Starting March 30 to April 19, Gov. Laura Kelly ordered residents to stay home unless for essential activities such as getting food or medical care.

Kentucky: Urging residents to stay at home, Gov. Andy Beshear closed "non-life-sustaining businesses" to in-person services starting March 26 and told Kentuckians to go outside only for essential activities and exercise.

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Louisiana: On March 23, residents of Louisiana were ordered to shelter in place. Gov. John Bel Edwards had previously shuttered nonessential businesses such as casinos and closed schools.

Maine: Beginning April 1, Gov. Janet Mills orders residents to stay at home through at least April 30, except for essential activities.

Maryland: Stopping short of calling it "shelter in place," Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan told residents to remain in their homes and ordered all nonessential businesses to close by March 23. On March 30, the governor signed an executive order directing residents to stay in their homes.

Massachusetts: Gov. Charlie Baker directed residents to stay at home from March 24 to April 7 and ordered nonessential businesses to close during that period.

Michigan: Starting March 24 and extending for at least three weeks, the state ordered residents to stay home unless for an essential activity.

Minnesota: Gov. Tim Walz ordered residents to stay at home beginning from March 27 to April 10, and extended restaurant and bar closures until May 1. Residents may leave their homes for essential and outdoor activities as long as they practice social distancing. The state will work with local law enforcement to support the order.

Mississippi: Starting April 5, Gov. Tate Reeves has ordered residents to shelter in place.

Montana: Gov. Steve Bullock directed residents to stay at home from March 28 through April 10 and closed nonessential businesses.

Nevada: On March 31, Gov. Steve Sisolak ordered Nevadans to stay in their residences except for essential services, through April 30.

New Hampshire: Starting March 27, Gov. Chris Sununu has ordered residents to stay at home, going out just for essential activities such as groceries, exercise or checking on neighbors who can't go out.

New Jersey: He didn't officially use the term "shelter in place," but Gov. Phil Murphy directed residents to stay at home and ordered nonessential businesses to close by March 21.

New Mexico: Beginning March 24, Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham instructed residents to stay at home and go out only when necessary. The governor assured residents they could still walk their dog or go on a jog. She also closed all nonessential businesses.

New York: Gov. Andrew Cuomo put his state on "pause," stopping short of a call for a statewide shelter in place. Instead he shuttered all nonessential businesses and ordered all nonessential workers to work from home as of March 22. On March 20, the White House declared that a major disaster exists in the state. The White House on March 24 requested any New Yorker who had recently left the area to self-quarantine.

North Carolina: Except for essential activities and services -- such as job, food, medicine, outdoor exercise or to help someone -- residents are ordered to stay indoors, beginning March 30.

Ohio: The state requires residents to stay at home, starting March 23.

Oklahoma: Ordering residents 65 and older to stay at home, Gov. Kevin Stitt on March 24 also directed any Oklahoma resident with an underlying medical condition to stay in their homes except for essential services.

Oregon: Effective March 23, Gov. Kate Brown ordered Oregonians to stay at home, except for essential services and walks.

Pennsylvania: From April 1 to 30, Gov. Tom Wolf ordered residents to stay at home except to access, support or provide essential services.

Rhode Island: Gov. Gina Raimondo ordered residents to stay at home through at least April 13. The governor also ordered anyone coming to Rhode Island from another state to self-quarantine for 14 days.

Tennessee: Starting March 31, Gov. Bill Lee directed residents to stay at home, except for activities essential for health and safety.

Texas: From April 2 to April 30, Gov. Greg Abbott ordered Texans to minimize social gatherings and in-person contact with those not in the same household. The governor stressed the order is not a shelter-in-place or stay-at-home strategy but instead based on limiting Texans to essential services and activities to check the spread of the virus.

Utah: Stopping short of calling it a shelter-in-place order, Gov. Gary Herbert issued a "stay safe, stay home" directive through April 13.

Vermont: Gov. Philip Scott directed residents to stay at home, except for essential services and exercise, starting March 25.

Virginia: Until at least June 10, Gov. Ralph Northam ordered Virginians to stay at home except for work and limited shopping, and closed all schools.

Washington: Hours after the Oregon order, Washington Gov. Jay Inslee on March 23 issued a similar stay-at-home order. On March 22, The White House declared a major disaster in the state of Washington, allowing it to receive federal aid.

West Virginia: Calling it a stay-at-home order, Gov. Jim Justice directed residents to stay indoors starting March 24, except for essential trips and exercise. The governor assured West Virginians a stay-at-home order is not martial law.

Wisconsin: In a series of tweets, Gov. Tony Evers said he would order residents to stay at home as of March 24.

Along with dozens of states, the District of Columbia ordered residents to stay at home beginning April 1, and Puerto Rico has required residents to stay indoors.

At the regional level, cities and counties are also issuing stay-at-home orders, including Austin, Texas, Kansas City, Missouri, Miami Beach, Florida, St. Louis, San Antonio and a handful of counties in Pennsylvania.

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