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Role Played BY Muhammad Ali Jinnah in Partition of India

by Kandi Willmott (2020-05-24)

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In 1947, the partition of India was originally the partition of British India. This division was made on the basis of religious demographics.



HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

The main reasons behind the partition of India were the cultural, political, religious, economic and social dissimilarities between the two major du lịch hồ ba bể communities. These differences gave birth to a theory known as Two-Nation Theory which paved way for the Indian Independence 1947.

CHANGE IN POLITICAL VIEWS

Jinnah first entered into politics in 1906 through Calcutta Session of All India National Congress and later joined Muslim League in 1913. Quaid-e-Azam was of opinion that both Hindus and Muslims should get joint efforts to get rid of the British rule. He did a lot of work to bring both Hindus and Muslims together.

1-NEHRU REPORT

Jinnah's sincere efforts to build Hindu- Muslim unity were offensively defeated by the publication of Nehru Report which forced him to part his ways with the Congress.

2-ROUND TABLE CONFERENCE

He was disgusted and resentful and decided to leave India and settle in England. While his stay he represented the Muslims in Round Table Conference.

3-CONGRESS ATROCITIES

After his return to India, the provincial elections of act 1935 were held in 1937 in which the Congress obtained clear majority. The atrocities of Congress after being in power distressed Jinnah to find Congress acting in a highly anti-Muslim behaviour.

This behaviour of Hindus changed his views of Hindu-Muslim unity.

DAY OF DELIVERENCE

By 1939, Jinnah emerged as an un-disputed leader of the Muslims. He gave a call to the Muslims to observe a "Day of Deliverance" when the Congress resigned.



STAUNCH SUPPORTER OF TWO-NATION THEORY

He was a staunch supporter of the Two-Nation Theory and he considered the Muslims a separate nation from every aspect. He said,

"The Muslims are a Nation by every right to establish their separate homeland. They can adapt any mean to promote and protect their spiritual, moral, economic, social, political and cultural interests".

LAHORE RESOLUTION AND PARTITION OF INDIA

The Lahore Resolution was passed on 23rd March, 1940 and in his presidential address he said,

"Hindu and Muslim belong to two different religions based on totally different beliefs and present the different ideologies. They have different heroes, different epics and different episodes. Therefore, the union of two nations is fatal for the subcontinent because it is not based on equality but on numerical minority and other as a majority. It would be better for the British Government to partition the subcontinent by keeping in view the interests of two nations. It will be a correct decision religiously and historically".

CRIPPS MISSION

The British Government appointed a delegation under Sir Stafford Cripps to present the constitutional reforms to the Indians. Both the Congress and the Muslim League under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah rejected as it did not confirmed to the partition of India and the establishment of Pakistan.

INDEPENDENCE OF INDIA 1947

At last, India was partitioned in 1947. On the midnight of 15th August 1947, the two self-governing countries of India and Pakistan came into existence and India was partitioned. Pakistan Independence day is celebrated on 14th August 1947 and thác bản giốc it followed by Indian Independence on 15th August 1947.

MUHAMMAD ALI JINNAH, A GREAT LEADER

His determination was un-breakable for the partition of India and emergence of solely Muslim country. His aim to protect Muslim interests make the Two-Nation Theory workable, he had done a lot of hard work. He set a great example of leadership for the whole world to follow.












Read in more detail, the causes that led to the Independence & Partition of India. Or get to know more about the Pakistan and its People

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