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Today in History, April 28

by Norberto Philp (2020-05-25)

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HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE

1503 - Spanish destroy French fleet at Cerignola, Sicily.

1655 - English fleet destroys pirate fleet of Bey of Tunis and releases prisoners in Algiers; Protestants in Vaudois district of Savoy are massacred.

1789 - On a return journey from Tahiti, the crew of British ship Bounty mutinies and sets Captain William Bligh and 18 sailors adrift in the South Pacific.

1876 - Queen Victoria is declared Empress of India.

1910 - Albanian revolt is suppressed by Turkish Army.

1936 - King Farouk ascends to throne in Egypt; Arab high command is formed to unite Arabs against Jewish claims.

1940 - US band leader Glenn Miller and his Orchestra record Pennsylvania 6-5000 for RCA Victor.

1944 - A rehearsal for D-Day ends with 750 US soldiers dead after their convoy ships are attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, southwest England.

1945 - Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci are summarily executed by communist partisans.

1947 - A six-man expedition sails from Peru aboard the balsa raft Kon-Tiki on a 101-day journey across the Pacific to Polynesia.

1952 - Japan regains sovereignty and independence when the peace treaty signed in San Francisco in 1951 by the US and 47 other nations comes into effect.

1965 - US marines land in the Dominican Republic following the overthrow of the government of Sir Donald Cabral.

1967 - Heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali refuses to be inducted into the US Army.

1968 - Tokyo police restore order after 5000 people demonstrate for the return of Okinawa to Japan and an end to the Vietnam War.

1969 - Charles De Gaulle resigns as French president after voters reject major government reforms in a referendum.

1976 - India's Supreme Court upholds right of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's government to imprison political opponents without court hearing.

1977 - Andreas Baader and other members of the Baader-Meinhoff group are jailed for life after a trial lasting nearly two years in Stuttgart, Germany.

1980 - US Secretary of State Cyrus Vance resigns, after opposing the failed commando mission to rescue American hostages in Iran.

1987 - Australian businessman and adventurer Dick Smith becomes first person to fly over the North Pole in a helicopter.

1989 - Iran protests against the exhibition and sale of Salman Rushdie's novel, The Satanic Verses, at the Geneva international book fair.

1992 - A new, smaller Yugoslav republic is established by Serbia and Montenegro after four other republics - Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia - secede.

1993 - In Turkey, an avalanche of garbage triggered by a methane explosion kills at least 18 people in squatter huts near a city dump.

1995 - A leaking gas line explodes during morning rush hour in Taegu, South Korea, killing at least 103.

1996 - Thirty-five people are murdered and many more injured by a gunman at Tasmania's historic Port Arthur.

1997 - Yemen's president Ali Abdullah Saleh's party wins a majority in parliamentary elections.

1998 - Nigeria's former deputy leader, General Oladipyo Diya, and five others are sentenced to death by firing squad for plotting to overthrow military leader General Sani Abacha.

1998 - British explorer David Hempleman-Adams reaches the geographic North Pole, becoming the first person to reach the earth's magnetic and geographic poles.

2001 - A Russian rocket lifts off from Central Asia bearing the first space tourist, California businessman Dennis Tito, and two cosmonauts on a journey to the international space station.

2002 - Alexander Lebed, a tough-talking general who played a key role in foiling the 1991 coup against Mikhail Gorbachev, dies in a helicopter crash.

2003 - Britain's GlaxoSmithKline announces it will reduce the price of its popular AIDS medication Combivir to 90 cents a day, from $US1.70, in 63 developing countries.

2005 - Iraq's National Assembly approves the country's first democratically elected government, tasked with formulating a new constitution for the nation.

2006 - The US army charges Lt Col Steven Jordan, who headed the interrogation centre at Iraq's notorious Abu Ghraib jail, making him the highest-ranking person charged in the prisoner abuse scandal.

2008 - Austrian Josef Fritzl, 73, confesses to imprisoning his daughter for 24 years in a windowless cell with a soundproofed door and fathering seven children.

2009 - Australia's fourth richest man, Visy Packaging empire boss Richard Pratt, dies aged 74.

2011 - A bomb tears through a cafe in Marrakesh's old quarter, killing at least 11 foreigners and three Moroccans.

2013 - British media reveals nurse Jacintha Saldanha left a note saying the hoax call of two Australian DJs led to her death. The fugitive owner of an illegally constructed building that collapsed, killing hundreds in Bangladesh, is captured as he tries to flee to India.

2014 - Fifty-two days after Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 disappeared, Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott announces the air search for its wreckage will cease but the underwater search will be expanded.

2015 - Family members farewell Australian drug smugglers Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran on the eve of their execution in Indonesia.

2016 - An exhibition of works exclusively by Muslim artists under the age of 40 opens at an art gallery in Perth in an effort to break new ground.

2017 - Three Australian Islamic State jihadists are arrested at gunpoint in Lebanon.

2018 - The world's oldest spider, a trapdoor matriarch named Number 16, dies at the ripe old age of 43 in her burrow in Western Australia's wheatbelt. She outlived her previous rival, a 28-year-old Mexican tarantula.

2019 - More than 270 staff die during Indonesia's elections, mostly of fatigue-related illnesses caused by long hours counting millions of ballot papers by hand.

TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS

King Edward IV of England (1442-1483); Charles Sturt, du lịch hồ ba bể Australian explorer (1795-1869); Lionel Barrymore, US actor (1878-1954); Jack Fingleton, Australian cricketer (1908-1981); Harper Lee, thác bản giốc US author (1926-2016); Saddam Hussein, former Iraqi president (1937-2006); Jay Leno, US TV personality (1950-); Kim Gordon, US singer-musician of Sonic Youth fame (1953-); Jimmy Barnes, Scottish-born Australian singer of Cold Chisel fame (1956-); John Daly, US golfer (1966-); Penelope Cruz, Spanish actress (1974-); Jessica Alba, American actress (1981-).

THOUGHT FOR TODAY

It takes a long time to understand nothing. - Edward Dahlberg, American author and critic (1900-1977).

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