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Joint Pain Hack

by Jerome Princy (2020-02-20)

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The American College of Joint Pain Hack Review Rheumatology (ACR) has established two criteria for the diagnosis of FM: a history of widespread pain lasting more than 3 months and the presence of 11 or more tender points out of 18 standard sites on the body (neck, shoulders, back, hips, and upper and lower extremities). While there are various theories and contributing factors, the underlying cause(s) are not known. For many sufferers there is an event or experience that triggers the onset of the disease, such as an infection, emotional stress, trauma, injury or exposure to certain drugs or chemicals. According to a recent paper in the Annals of Internal Medicine, 33 percent of FM patients also suffer from multiple chemical sensitivity. FM seems to run in families. Researchers have identified one gene believed to be involved in the syndrome. A new 4-year study funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) will examine this further. Those with rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases, such as lupus, appear to be at greater risk for developing FM. Individuals with FM have elevated levels of a chemical, called substance P that is involved in our sensation of pain signals. They also have lower levels of serotonin and norepinephrine - two very important chemical messengers in the brain that modulate pain as well as mood. A recent study has demonstrated that an imbalance of oxidants and antioxidants may be at play in the development of FM. Researchers from Turkey found significantly increased levels of the oxidant malondialdehyde and decreased levels of the antioxidant superoxide dismutase in patients with FM compared to controls.

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