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Veronica Jaquelin

Bio Statement Understanding Research Development Research and Development (R&D) Research Development or Research and Development (R&D) is currently one type of research that is widely developed. Development research is one type of research that can be a liaison or breaker of the gap between basic research and applied research. Understanding Research Development or Research and Development (R&D) is often interpreted as a process or steps to develop a new product or improve existing products. What is meant by products in this context is not always in the form of hardware (books, modules, learning aids in classrooms and laboratories), but can also be software such as programs for data processing, learning in classrooms, libraries or laboratories, or models - education model, training learning, guidance, evaluation, management, etc. Types and Qualitative Research Methods. The main objective of qualitative research is to understand (to understand) social phenomena or phenomena by focusing more on a complete picture of the phenomenon being studied rather than detailing it into interrelated variables. Research Development or Research and Development (R&D) According to Gay (1990) is an attempt or activity to develop an effective product for school use, and not to test theory. The hope is to obtain a deep understanding of the phenomenon to further produce a theory. Because the objectives are different from quantitative research, the procedures for data acquisition and the types of qualitative research are also different. According from the Reputable International Journal Zambrut, there are at least eight types of qualitative research, namely ethnography (case studies), case studies, document studies, natural observations, focused interviews, focused interviews, phenomenology ), grounded theory, historical studies (historical research). The following is a brief description of each type of research. Researchers certainly need scientific media as a means of publication of scientific papers. The International Journal, Proceedings and Paper Conference is a scientific work. All three have been commonly understood by scientific researchers in universities. Proceedings, Journal, and Conference Paper. All three have similarities and differences. Journal translator services will discuss all three. Let's look together. Introduction of Journal Zambrut. Scientific journals are a collection of research journals. The shape is usually more or less like a magazine, but with a format containing a collection of summary of scientific work made by each researcher. Differentiating scientific journals from conference papers usually consists of more pages for a scientific work. Learn what scientific journals are more complete at the following link by journal translator services. Types of research. Ethnography. Ethnography is a very in-depth study of behavior that occurs naturally in a culture or a particular social group to understand a particular culture from the perspective of the culprit. Experts call it field research, because it is carried out in the field in a natural setting. Researchers observe the behavior of a person or group as it is. Data obtained from observation is very deep so it requires a long time in the field, in-depth interviews with members of cultural groups, studying documents or artifacts observant. Unlike other types of qualitative research where data is usually analyzed after the completion of data collection in the field, ethnographic research data is analyzed in the field according to the context or situation that occurred at the time the data was collected. Ethnographic research is anthropological because of its methodological roots of anthropology. Educational experts can use ethnography to research about education in suburban schools or schools in the middle of the city. Paper for Conference. Submitting Paper on Reputed International Journal is Compared to scientific journals, paper conferences are usually more concise (fewer pages). This is the main differentiator with scientific journals that can be very long (on average a minimum of 6 pages of journals, while a minimum of 2-5 pages of conference papers). Uniquely, the conference paper was also held in a scientific conference forum. In conference papers, adjusting conferences that are held, sometimes there are those that have peer review, but sometimes there are those who don't. There is an event where researchers will present their scientific work in the forum. Their material will be published in the collection, becoming a Paper Conference. Proceeding / Proceedings for Journal. Call for Paper Reputed International Journal on Proceedings can be said to be similar to scientific journals, in terms of form, topic specificity, or similar matters. One main thing that distinguishes it is usually the proceedings are the result of scientific conferences. In simple language, a journal is like a magazine, then proceedings can be assumed as seminars, then the seminar papers are collected and published. Generally the standard of a proceeding is not as detailed and strict as a scientific journal. Whereas Borg and Gall (1983:772) define development research as the process used to develop and validate educational products. The steps of this process are usually referred to as the R&D cycle, which consists of studying the research findings related to the product to be developed, developing the product based on these findings, the field of testing in the setting where it will be used finally, and revising it to correct deficiencies found in the test submission stage. In a program that is more stringent than R&D, this cycle is repeated until the field-test data shows that the product meets defined behavioral goals. Research development (R&D) in education is a process used to develop and validate educational products. The steps of this process are usually referred to as the R&D cycle, which consists of studying the research findings related to the product to be developed, developing the product based on these findings, the field of testing in the setting where it will be used finally, and revising it to correct deficiencies found in the test submission stage. In a program that is more stringent than R&D, this cycle is repeated until the field-test data shows that the product meets defined behavioral goals. Seals and Richey (1994) define development research as a systematic assessment of the design, development and evaluation of programs, processes and learning products that must meet the criteria of validity, practicality, and effectiveness. Whereas Plomp (1999) added the criteria "can show added value" in addition to the three criteria. Whereas Van den Akker and Plomp (1993) describe development research based on two objectives namely as a product prototype development and as a formulation of methodological suggestions for designing and evaluating the prototype of the product. Richey and Nelson (1996) differentiate development research into two types, namely the first research that is focused on finalizing and evaluating certain products or programs with the aim of getting an overview of the development process and studying the conditions that support the implementation of the program. Second, research is centered on the assessment of development programs conducted previously. The purpose of this second type is to obtain an overview of effective designing and evaluation procedures.