CHARACTERIZATION OF SACCHARIDE SUGAR IN CORN SEED (Zea Mays Saccharata) BY USING GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY MASS SPECTROMETRY METHOD

Andi Muhamad Iqbal Akbar Asfar

Abstract

This study characterizes the saccharide sugar contained in whole sweet corn seeds by extracting using Ultrasound Assisted Solvent Extraction for 60 minutes with 24 kHz frequency using ethanol solvent with concentrations of 70%, 75%, 80%, and 85%. The concentrated extract was then characterized by using Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GCMS) method. Sample test conducted were tested to odor, color and shelf life of extract and determination of water content, ash content, and characterization of saccharide sugar from GCMS test. The odor and color test results show that the extract had a distinctive smell of sweet corn, yellow, and had the ability to store good extract in the condition of the room. The water content of each sample ranged from 3% - 9% with the lowest water content was in 85% concentration sample which was 3.62%, while the ash content ranged from 1.5% with the highest ash content which was in 85% concentration sample which was 1.59%. The results of characterization were identified by 3 compounds having the highest percentage of 2-Furaldehyde, Hexamethyl Cyclotriloxane, and 1,2,4-Trimethyl Benzene with the percentage of 26,94%, 9,95% and 13,82% respectively. 2-Furaldehyde includes heterocyclic aldehyde group sugars, whereas Hexamethyl Cyclotriloxane and 1,2,4-Trimethyl Benzene belong to the class of organosilicon and aromatic hydrocarbons. 2-Furaldehyde or Furfural serves as a tongue nerve stimulator and has great potential to be developed as an important non-petroleum-based chemical raw material. The GCMS results provide information that the obtained 2-Furaldehyde has a molecular formula C5H4O2 or C4H3OCHO which is a monosaccharide group which is aldose with the number of C atoms classified as pentose. The retention time was 3.062 minutes with a mass peak of 300 m/z with molecular weight was 96 g/mol.

Keywords

Furfural; GCMS; Sweet Corn; Saccharide

Full Text:

PDF

References

Auliah, A. 2012. Formulasi Kombinasi Tepung Sagu dan Jagung pada Pembuatan Mie. Jurnal Chemica. 13(2): 33 -38.

Ayunda, N. 2014. Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Jagung Manis (Zea Mays Saccharata Sturt.) Pada Beberapa Konsentrasi Sea Minerals. Faculty of Agriculture, University of Taman Siswa, Padang.

Bartov, S., losr, M., Andrejiov, A. 2016. Examination of Basic Variety Characteristics of Sweet Corn In Conditions of The Southern Slovakia. Acta Horticulturae et Regiotecturae Nitra. Slovaca Universitas Agriculturae Nitriae. 47.

Co?kun, M. B., Yalin, I., ?zarslan, C. 2006. Physical Properties of Sweet Corn Seed (Zea mays saccharata Sturt.). Journal of Food Engineering. 74:523528.

Fitch, C. 2012. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Use of Nutritive and Nonnutritive Sweeteners. Journal Of The Academy of Nutrition And Dietetics. 112: 739-758.

Gan, Y., Liang, C., Chai, Q., Lemke, R.L., Campbell, C. A., Zentner, R. P. 2014. Improving Farming Practices Reduces The Carbon Footprint Of Spring Wheat Production. Natural Community. 5: 5012-5012.

Haddadi, M. H. 2016. Investigation of characteristics and cultivation of sweet corn: A Review. International Journal of Farming and llied Sciences. 5 (3): 243-247.

Kwabih, A.B. 2004. Growth And Yield of Sweet Corn (Zea mays L.) Cultivars In Response To Planting Date And Plastic Mulch In A Short-Season Environment. Scientia Horticulturae. 102: 147166.

Lertrat,., Pulam, T. 2007. Breeding For Increased Sweetness In Sweet Corn. International Journal of Plant Breeding. 1(1): 27-30.

McDonald, L. W., Goheen, S. C., Donald P. A., Campbell, J. A. 2012. Identificat Ion And Quantitat Ion Of Various Inositols And O-Methylinositols Present In Plant Roots Relate D to Soybean Cyst Nemat Ode Host Stat US. NEMATROPICA. 42(1): 2012, pp. 1-8

Rios, J. B., Romani, A., Garrote, G., Ordas, B. 2015. Biomass, Sugar, And Bioethanol Potential of Sweet Corn. GCB Bioenergy. 7: 153160.

Simon, S. R., Balabbo, F. P. 2015. Yield Performance of Sweet Corn (Zea Mays Var. Saccharata) Using Vermicompost as a Component of Balanced Fertilization Strategy. International Journal of Chemical, Environmental & Biological Sciences. 3(3): 224-227.

Surtinah, Susi, N., Lestari, S. U. 2016. Komparasi Tampilan dan Hasil Lima Varietas Jagung Manis (Zea mays saccharata, Sturt) di Kota Pekanbaru. Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian. 13 (1): 31-37.

Szymanek, M., Tana?, W., Kassar, F. H. 2015. Kernel Carbohydrates Concentration In Sugary-1, Sugary Enhanced and Shrunken Sweet Corn Kernels. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia. 7: 260 264.

Ugur, A., Maden, H A. 2015. Sowing And Planting Period On Yield And Ear Quality of Sweet Corn (Zea mays L. var. saccharata). Cinc. Agrotec, 39 (1): 48-57.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.