Ratna Dewi Kusumaningtyas, Oktafiani Oktafiani, Dhoni Hartanto, Prima Astuti Handayani


Vinasse, which is commonly referred to as stillage, is a aqueous by-product of bioethanol processing. This side-product is yielded in a very large quantity in bioethanol industry since the production of 1 L of ethanol will generate 13 L of vinasse. Hence it is become a problem of bioethanol industry since vinasse waste doesnt have economic value and it is harmful to the environment. This industrial waste has high COD and BOD, high acidity, and high temperature when it is discharged from the bottom of distillation unit. To overwhelmed this drawbacks, it is crucial to attempt reduction of the negative characteristic of vinasse as well as creation of added value of vinasse. In fact, vinasse contains a considerable amount of potassium and organic matter which is beneficial for plant growth and improving the soil fertility. Thus, in this work, vinasse was utilized as raw material for organic fertilizer. Vinasse waste was formulated with other sugarcane industrial waste (filter cake and boiler ash), and NPK fertilizer in various composition to yield solid Organo-Mineral Fertilizer (OMF). Among all the composition of OMF, It was demonstrated that vinasse formulated with 3, 6, and 9% of NPK fulfilled the Indonesian National Standar (SNI) of solid fertilizer. Thus these types of OMF were used to fertilize tomato plant. The effects of vinasse-based OMF on some growth indices of tomato plant were examined. It was revealed that vinasse fertilizer formulated with 9% of NPK exhibited the best impact to the tomato plant growth.


Bioethanol waste; Vinasse; OMF; Tomato; NPK

Full Text:



Alavi, N., Daneshpajou, M., Shirmardi, M., Goudarzi, G., Neisi, A., Babaei, A.A. 2017. Investigating the efficiency of co-composting and vermicomposting of vinasse with the mixture of cow manure wastes, bagasse, and natural zeolite. Waste Management. 69:117-126.

Cabrera-Daz, A., Pereda-Reyes, I., Dueas-Moreno, J., Vliz-Lorenzo, E., Daz-Marrero, M.A., Menndez-Gutirrez, C.L., Oliva-Merencio, D., Zaiat, M. 2016. Combined treatment of vinasse by an upflow anaerobic filter-reactor and ozonation process. Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering. 33(4):753 762.

Cochrane, T.T., Cochrane, T.A. 2009. The vital role of potassium in the osmotic mechanism of stomata aperture modulation and its link with potassium deficiency. Plant Signal Behav. 4(3):240-243.

Darjanto, Satifah, S. 1989. Biologi Bunga dan Teknik Penyerbukan Silang Buatan. Gramedia. Jakarta.

Garcia, C.F.H., de Souza, R.B., de Souza, C.P., Christofoletti, C.A., Fontanetti, C.S. 2017. Toxicity of two effluents from agricultural activity: Comparing the genotoxicity of sugar cane and orange vinasse. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 142:216221.

Gardner, F. P., Pearce, R. B., Mitchell, R. L. 1991. Fisiologi Tanaman Budidaya. Translation by Susilo, H. and Subiyanto. Universitas Indonesia. Jakarta.

Jeng, A.S., Haraldsen, T.K., Grnlund, A. Pedersen, P.A. 2006. Meat and bone meal as nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer to cereals and rye grass. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 76:183191.

Kusumaningtyas, R.D., Oktafiani, O., Hartanto, D., Handayani, P.A., Muhammad, D.R.A. 2016. Pembuatan Pupuk Organo-Mineral Fertilizer (OMF) Padat dari Limbah Industri Bioetanol (Vinasse). Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan. 4(2):46-54.

Lombardo, S., Pandino, G., Mauromicale, G. 2017. Minerals profile of two globe artichoke cultivars as affected by NPK fertilizer regimes. Food Resource International. 100(2):95-99.

Reis, C.E.R, Hu, B. 2017. Vinasse from Sugarcane Ethanol Production: Better Treatment or Better Utilization? Front. Energy Resources. 5(7):1-7.

Rudolf, A., Karhumaa, K., Hahn-Hgerdal, B. 2009. Ethanol Production from Traditional and Emerging Raw Materials. In: Satyanarayana T., Kunze G. (eds) Yeast Biotechnology: Diversity and Applications. Springer, Dordrecht.

Sarwono, H. 1995. Ilmu Tanah. Akademik Pressindo. Jakarta.

Silva, C.E.F, Abud, A.K.S. 2016. Anaerobic biodigestion of sugarcane vinasse under mesophilic conditions using manure as inoculum. Revista Ambiente & gua. 11(4):763-777.

Singh, M., Khan, M.M.A., Naeem, M. 2016. Effect of nitrogen on growth, nutrient assimilation, essential oil content, yield and quality attributes in Zingiber officinale Rosc. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences. 15(2):171-178

Sutedjo, M.M., Kartasapoetra, A.G. 2002. Pengantar Ilmu Tanah. Bhineka Cipta. Jakarta.


  • There are currently no refbacks.