Selfina Gala, Mahfud Mahfud, Sumarno Sumarno, Lailatul Qadariyah


Currently, exploration of natural dyes is increasingly being activated and developed, especially to find natural sources of dyes from different plant species and also to develop natural dyestuff extraction process technology for textile applications. During this natural dye extraction process is done by conventional methods that require a long time and a large amount of solvent. Therefore, it is a necessary alternative to the use of "green techniques" are economical in its use. In this research, extraction of Jackfruit wood waste with the microwave by studying the extraction time required to produce the optimum yield and comparing with the conventional method (heat-reflux extraction). Both of these methods use water solvent. On the microwave-assisted extraction, the optimum extraction time at 30 minutes with the acquisition yield of 3.14% (microwave power 400 watt, the ratio of material to solvent 0.02 g/mL). whereas extraction with heat-reflux method showed the optimum extraction time of 180 minutes with a yield of 3.50%. Identification of groups of pigments contained in the Jackfruit wood waste is known categories tannins, flavonoids, and quinones. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy was used to identify the major chemical groups in the extracted dye. Description of the effects of extraction with microwave and conventional, structural damage shown in a solid surface material using by Scanning Electron Microscopy. Further, to test the application on the fabric dyeing.


Natural dyes, Jackfruit wood waste, Microwave assisted extraction, Reflux extraction

Full Text:



Ali, S., Hussain, T., Nawaz, R. 2009. Optimization of alkaline extraction of natural dye from Henna Leaves and its dyeing on cotton by exhaust method. Journal of Cleaner Production. 17:61-66.

Chen, Y., Xie, M.Y., Gong, X.F. 2007. Microwave assisted extraction used for the isolation of total triterpenoid saponins from Ganoderma atrum. Journal of Food Engineering. 81:162-170.

Gala, S., Sumarno, S., Mahfud, M., 2018. Microwave-assisted Extraction of Natural Dyes from Coleus atropurpureus Leaves: The Effect of Solvent. MATEC Web of Conferences. 156 : 06011

Karabegovic, I.V., Stojicevic, S.S., Velickovic, D.T., Nokolic, N.C., Lazic, M.L. 2012. Optimization of Microwave-Assisted Extraction of Cherry Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus L.) Fruit Using Response Surface Methodology. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology. 71:351-356

Leitner, P., Fitz-Binder, C., Mahmud-Ali, A., Bechtold, T. 2012. Production of a concentrated natural dye from Canadian Goldenrod (Solidago Canadensis) extracts. Dyes and Pigments. 91:1416-1421.

Mandal, V., Mohan, Y., Hemalath, S. 2007. Microwave Assisted Extraction an Innovative and Promising Extraction Tool for Medicinal Plant Research. Pharmacognosy Reviews. 1(1):7-18.

Marka, S., Talari, S., Penchala, S., Rudroju, S., Nanna, R.S., 2013. Preliminary Phytochemical Analysis of Leaf, Stem, Root and Seed Extracts of Arachis hypogaea L. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research. 22:134-139.

Metaxas, A.C. 1996, Foundations of Electroheat: A unified Approach, Wiley, New York.

Qadariyah, L., Gala, S., Widoretno, D.R, Kunhermanti, D., Bhuana, D.S., Sumarno, Mahfud, M., 2017. Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus lamk) wood waste as a textile natural dye by micowave-assisted extraction method. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1840:100007.

Rosyida, A. and Zulfiya, A. 2013. Pewarnaan Bahan Tekstil dengan Menggunakan Ekstrak Kayu Nangka dan Teknik Pewarnaannya untuk Mendapatkan Hasil yang Optimal. Jurnal Rekayasa Proses. 7(2):52-58. (in Indonesian)

Selvam, R.M., Athinarayanan, G, Nanthini, A.U.R., Singh, A.J.A., Kalirajan, K., Selvakumar, P.M. 2015. Extraction of natural dyes from Curcuma longa, Trigonella foenum graecum and Nerium oleander, plants and their application in antimicrobial fabric. Industrial Crops and Products. 7:84-90.

Sinha, K., Saha, P.D., Datta, S. 2012. Response surface optimization and artificial neural network modeling of microwave assisted natural dye extraction from pomegranate rind. Industrial Crops and Products. 37:408– 414.

Sinha, K., Saha, P.D., Datta, S. 2013. Modeling of microwave-assisted extraction of natural dye from seeds of Bixa orellana (Annato) using response surface methodology (RSM) and artificial neural network (ANN). Industrial Crops and Products. 41:165 –171.

Supratman, U. 2010. Elusidasi Struktur Senyawa Organik, Publisher Widya Padjadjaran, Bandung. (in Indonesian)

Umale, S. and Mahanwar P.A., 2012. Extraction of colorant from leaves of Terminalia catappa using Non-conventional technique. International Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences IJBAS-IJENS. 12:79-88.

Vazquez, M.F.B., Comini, I.R., Martini R.E., Nunez M.S.C., Bottini, S., Cabrera J.L. 2014. Comparisons between conventional, ultrasound-assisted and microwave-assisted methods for extraction of anthaquinones from Heterophyllaea pustulata Hook f. (Rubiaceae). Ultrasonics Sonochemistry. 21: 478–484.

Xiao, W., Han, L., Shi, B. 2008. Microwave-assisted extraction of flavonoids from Radix Astragali. Separation and Purification Technology. 62:614–618.



  • There are currently no refbacks.