Masturi Masturi, Suhardi Effendy, Afrianus Gelu, Hammam Hammam, Fianti Fianti


The growth of the manufacturing industry in Indonesia affects on the demand of automotive parts. This study aims see the mechanical properties of organic brake canvas made from durian fruit skin and teak leaves. Composite making was done by smoothing durian fruit and teak leaves to become powder. The resulting powder was filtered with mesh 60 so that the particle size is the same so as to facilitate mixing. After that, simple mixing with other ingredients such as magnesium oxide and polyester resin is carried out. The printing process was carried out with a hydraulic press with a load of 4 tons for 3 hours. The brake canvas produced were tested for hardness, wear resistance, and absorbency by varying the percentage composition of the powder of durian fruit fiber and teak leaves. There are five variations in the percentage of composite material composition tested. The results obtained the percentage of the most optimum composition that has a value of hardness, wear wear resistance, and absorption capacity close to the value of the Indonesian National Standard (SNI 09-0143).


teak leaves, durian fruit skin, mechanical properties, hardness test, friction test, absorption

Full Text:



Ademoh, A. N, Olabisi, A.I. 2015. Development and Evaluation of Maize Husks (Asbestos-Free) Based Brake Pad. Industrial Engineering Letters. 5(2): 67-80.

Badri, M., Dodi, S. A., Adhy, P. 2016. Comparison of Commercial and Palm Slag Motorcycle Brake Pads Performance. Journal of Ocean, Mechanical and Aerospace Science and Engineering. 38: 1-4.

Edokpia, R. O., Aigbodion, V. S, Atuanya C. U., Agunsoye. J. O., Mu'azu, K. 2016. Evaluation of the Properties of Ecofriendly Brake Pad Using Egg Shell Particles-Gum Arabic. Elsevier. 6(3): 1-22.

Effendy, S., Sulhadi, Teguh D. 2017. Pemanfaatan Daun Jati sebagai Pigmen Warna Cat Tembok. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Fisika. 6:113-118.

Gulhane, U. D, Annasaheb, P, Suraj, T., Atharv, P., Parag, M. 2017. Wear Analysis Of Composite Material Made By Blending Of Naturally Available Coconut Shell. World Journal of Engineering Research and Technology. 3(3):136 -146.

Hoshitha, T. S. S., Rao, T. C., Rao, S. C. 2016. Use of Composite Mixture of M-Sand and Fly Ash as a Sub grade Material. IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering. 13(6)(I) :39-42.

Jain, S., Kumar, R., Jindal, U. C. 1992. Mechanical behaviour of bamboo and bamboo composite. Journal of Materials Science. 27: 4598-4604.

Kumar, S., Choudhary, V., Kumar, R. 2010. Study on the compatibility of unbleached and bleached bamboo-fiber with LLDPE matrix. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry. 102: 751–761.

Liu, Y., Fan, Z., Ma, H., Tan, Y., Qiao, J. 2006. Application of nano powdered rubber in friction materials. International Journal on The Science and Technology of Friction Lubrication and Wear. 261:225–229.

Mohammed, L., Ansari, M. N. M., Grace, P., Mohammad J., Islam, M. S. 2015. A Review on Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite and Its Applications. International Journal of Polymer Science. 2015: 1-15.

Olabisi A.I. 2016. Development and Assessment of Composite Brake Pad Using Pulverized Cocoa Beans Shells Filler. International Journal of Materials Science and Applications. 5(2): 66-78.

Prabowo, H. T. Sulhadi, Mahardika, P. A, Teguh, D. 2017. Sifat Mekanik Bahan Komposit Kampas Rem Berbahan Dasar Serbuk Arang Kulit Buah Mahoni. Spektra: Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya. 2(2): 127-132.

Purboputro, P. I. 2014. Pengembangan Ketahanan Keausan pada Bahan Kampas Rem Sepeda Motor dari Komposit Bonggol Jagung. Jurnal Media Mesin. 16(2): 62-67.

Udhayasankar, R, Karthikeyan, B. 2015. A Review on Coconut Shell Reinforced Composites. International Journal of ChemTech Research. 8(11): 624-637.

Rudramurthy, Chandrashekara, K., Ravishankar, R., Abhinandan. S. 2014. Evaluation of the Properties of Eco-friendly Brake Pad Using Coconut Shell Powder as an Filler Materials. International Journal of Research in Mechanical Engineering & Technology. 4(2): 98-106.

Rao, S. K., Prakash, B. 2015. Composite Mixture Of Stone Dust And Fly Ash As A Subgrade In Rural Roads. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology. 5 (1): 95-99.

Singh T., Avinash, T., Amar, P., Ranchan, C., Sharafat, A. 2017. Influence of Wollastonite Shape and Amount on Tribo-Performance of Non-Asbestos Organic Brake Friction Composites. International Journal on The Science and Technology of Friction Lubrication and Wear. 6(11): 1-25.

Singh T., A. Patnaik. 2015. Assessment of Braking Performance of Lapinus-Wollastonite Fibre Reinforced Friction Composite Materials. Journal of King Saud University-Engineering Sciences. 29(1): 183-190.

Silva, E. C. N., Walters, M. C., Paulino, G. H. 2006. Modeling bamboo as a functionally graded material: lessons for the analysis of affordable materials. Journal of Materials Science. 41: 6991–7004.

Sutikno, Sukiswo, S. E. Dany, S. S. 2012. Sifat Mekanik Bahan Gesek Rem Komposit Diperkuat Serat Bambu. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia. 8: 83-89.

Tausif, M., Achilles, P., Tom, O., Parikshit, G., Stephen, J. R. 2017. Mechanical Properties of Nonwoven Reinforced Thermoplastic Polyurethane Composites. Materials. 10(618): 1-13.

Telang A. K. Rehman, A., Dixit, G., Das, S. 2010. Alternate Materials in Automobile Brake Disc Applications With Emphasis on Al-Composites. Journal of Engineering Research and Studies. 1(1): 35-46.

Yousif, B. F., Leong, O. B., Ong, L. K., Jye, W. K. 2009. The Effect of Treatment on Tribo-Performance of CFRP Composites. Recent Patents on Materials Science. 2: 67-74.


  • There are currently no refbacks.