Effect Carrageenan to Biodegradable Plastic From Tubers

Toto Rusianto, Murni Yuniwati, Hary Wibowo

Abstract

Plastic waste can cause serious environmental problems. This can be overcome by various efforts; one of them is by replacing the use of conventional plastic with biodegradable plastic. Biodegradable plastic can be produced from tubers containing starch. The purpose of this study was to explain the suitability of two tuber species with typical protein quality and different starch structures. Starch was obtained from suweg tuber (Amorphophallus campanulatus) and ganyong (Canna edulis Ker). The material invested was obtained by dissolving 4 grams of each starch, each of which was dissolved with distilled water then added with various weight carrageenan. The tensile strength of biodegradable plastic was tested using tensile testing machines, biodegradation of soaked plastics using EM4 (Effective Microorganism) with reduced weight measurements, and Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) was used to identify the structure of compounds contained in biodegradable plastics. The tensile strength test results of biodegradable plastic from ganyong/canna tubers were 3.35 MPa with elongation of 13.51%, while the plastic from suweg tubers of 2.45 MPa with elongation was 13.68% on the addition of 5% carrageenan, respectively. Plastic degradation testing obtained plastic decomposition up to 100% in 37 days for ganyong and 34 days for suweg, respectively. It showed that the plastics was easily degraded. Identified by FTIR showed chemical structures of OH phenolic alcohols, C = O carbonyls, CO esters, NH amides and amines, and C≡C alkyne.

Keywords

Plastic; Carrageenan; Biodegradable; Tuber; Suweg; Ganyong; Starch

Full Text:

PDF

References

Bourtoom, T. 2008. Plasticizer effect on the properties of biodegradable blend film from rice starch-chitosan. Songklanakarin Journal of Science & Technology. 30(1): 149-165.

Cifriadi, A., Budianto, E., Alfa, A. 2011. Karakteristik Karet Siklo Berbasis Lateks Karet Alam Berbobot Rendah. Indonesian Journal of Natural Rubber Research. 29(1): 35-48.

Diova, D. A., Darmanto, Y., Rianingsih, L. 2013. Karakteristik edible film komposit semirefined karaginan dari rumput laut Eucheuma cottonii dan beeswax. Jurnal Pengolahan dan Bioteknologi Hasil Perikanan. 2(4): 1-10.

Ezeoha, S., Ezenwanne, J. 2013. Production of biodegradable plastic packaging film from cassava starch. IOSR Journal of Engineering. 3(10): 14-20.

Handayani, P. A., Wijayanti, H. 2015. Pembuatan Film Plastik Biodegradable dari Limbah Biji Durian (durio zibethinus murr.). Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan. 4(1): 21-26.

Handito, D. 2011. Pengaruh Konsentrasi Karagenan Terhadap Sifat Fisik Dan Mekanik Edible Film. Argoteksos. 21(2-3): 151-157.

Hardjono, H., Permatasari, D. A., Sari, V. A. 2016. Pengaruh Penambahan Asam Sitrat Terhadap Karakteristik Film Plastik Biodegradable Dari Pati Kulit Pisang Kepok (Musa Acuminata Balbisiana Colla). Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan. 5(1): 22-28.

Hargono, H., Santoso, A. W., Deborah, G. K. 2016. Pemanfaatan Umbi Suweg (Amorphophallus sp) sebagai Bahan Baku Pembuatan Bioetanol melalui Proses Fermentasi dan Distilasi. Paper presented at the Seminar Nasional Teknik Kimia Kejuangan.

Husain, H., Rahman, A. Y., Senawi, N., & Khairudin, S. (2016). Biodegradable Film from Pleurotus Sajor-Caju Waste. Jurnal Teknologi, 78(11-2).

Kasno, A., Trustinah, M. A., Swasono, B. 2006. Prospek Suweg Sebagai Bahan Pangan Saat Paceklik. Prosiding Seminas Nasional Balai Penelitian Tanaman Aneka Kacang dan Umbi 2006. 257-262.

Lieberman, E., Gilbert, S. 1973. Gas permeation of collagen films as affected by cross‐linkage, moisture, and plasticizer content. Journal of Polymer Science: Polymer Symposia. 41(1): 33-43.

Naderizadeh, S., Shakeri, A., Mahdavi, H., Nikfarjam, N., Taheri Qazvini, N. 2019. Hybrid Nanocomposite Films of Starch, Poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA), Starch Nanocrystals (SNCs), and Montmorillonite (Na‐MMT): Structure–Properties Relationship. Starch‐Stärke. 71(1-2): 1800027.

Nigar, A., Shabbir, M., Akhter, Z., Sabahat, S., Fatmi, M. Q., Bolte, M., Ahmad, I., Janjua, N. K., Mehmood, S. 2019. Synthesis, characterization, docking and electrochemical studies of nitroaromatic amides. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1176(January): 791-797.

Richana, N., Sunarti, T. C. 2004. Karakterisasi sifat fisikokimia tepung umbi dan tepung pati dari umbi ganyong, suweg, ubi kelapa dan gembili. Jurnal pascapanen. 1(1): 29-37.

Salmoral, E., Gonzalez, M., Mariscal, M., Medina, L. 2000. Comparison of chickpea and soy protein isolate and whole flour as biodegradable plastics. Industrial Crops and Products. 11(2-3): 227-236.

Setiani, W., Sudiarti, T., Rahmidar, L. 2013. Preparasi dan karakterisasi edible film dari poliblend pati sukun-kitosan. Jurnal Kimia Valensi. 3(2): 100 – 109.

Shaikh, M., Haider, S., Ali, T. M., Hasnain, A. 2019. Physical, thermal, mechanical and barrier properties of pearl millet starch films as affected by levels of acetylation and hydroxypropylation. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules. 124(March): 209-219.

Shit, S. C., Shah, P. M. 2014. Edible polymers: Challenges and opportunities. Journal of Polymers. 2014: 1-13.

Wu, C.-S., Liao, H.-T. 2007. Study on the preparation and characterization of biodegradable polylactide/multi-walled carbon nanotubes nanocomposites. Polymer. 48(15): 4449-4458.

Wu, C. S. 2005. Improving polylactide/starch biocomposites by grafting polylactide with acrylic acid–characterization and biode- gradability assessment. Macromolecular Bioscience. 5(4): 352-361.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.