When Conflict be a Trigger of Depression: between Job and Life Satisfaction

Sulimah Sulimah, Nury Ariani Wulansari


The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of work-family conflict and family-work conflict on depression behavior mediated by job satisfaction and life satisfaction. The respondents in this research were 133 female nurses in two public hospitals in Indonesia. Methods of data collection were by using observation, interviews, and questionnaires. The sampling technique used the technique of proportional random sampling. Methods of data analysis were by using factor analysis, regression analysis and path analysis. Data analysis were by using SPSS software version 21. The results show that all hypothesis in the research were supported. Work-family conflict has an effect on depression behavior either directly or mediated by job satisfaction and life satisfaction. Similarly, the work-family conflict has an impact on the behavior of depression either direct or mediated by job satisfaction and life satisfaction. Our findings bear out the notion that job satisfaction and life satisfaction mediates the influence of dual role conflict on depression, highlighting the effect of individual satisfaction within this area. The suggestions for nurses, they should improve job satisfaction and life satisfaction so that it can overcome the dual role conflict they suffered.


Work-Family Conflict; Family-Work Conflict; Depression Behavior; Job Satisfaction; Life Satisfaction.

Full Text:



Abraham, S. (2012). Job Satisfaction as an Antecedent of Employee Engagement. SIES Journal of Management, 8(2), 27-36.

Anafarta, N. (2011). The Relationship between Work-Family Conflict and Job Satisfaction: a Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) Approach. International Journal of Business and Management, 6(4), 168-177.

Calvo-Salguero, A., Carrasco-Gonzalez, A. M., & De Lecea, J. M. S. M. (2010). Relationship between Work-Family Conflict and Job Satisfaction: the Moderating Effect of Gender and the Salience of Family and Work Roles. African Journal of Business Management, 4(7), 1247-1259.

Cheung, T., & Yip, P. S. (2015). Depression, Anxiety and Symptoms of Stress among Hong Kong Nurses: a Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12(9), 11072-11100.

Cho, T., & Ryu, K. (2016). The Impacts of Family-Work Conflict and Social Comparison Standards on Chinese Women Faculties’ Career Expectation and Success, Moderating by Self-Efficacy. Career Development International, 21(3), 299-316.

Colombo, L., & Ghislieri, C. (2008). The Work to Family Conflict: Theories and Measures. Testing, Psychometrics, Methodoly in Applied Psychology, 15(1), 35-55.

Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The Satisfaction with Life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49(1), 37-41.

Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective Well-Being: Three Decades of Progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125(2), 276-302.

Drageset, J., Eide, G. E., Nygaard, H. A., Bondevik, M., Nortvedt, M. W., & Natvig, G. K. (2009). The Impact of Social Support and Sense of Coherence on Health-Related Quality of Life among Nursing Home Residents-a Questionnaire Survey in Bergen, Norway. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 46(1), 66-76.

Ekici, D., Cerit, K., & Mert, T. (2017). Factors that Influence Nurses’ Work-Family Conflict, Job Satisfaction and Intention to Leave in a Private Hospital in Turkey. Hospital Practices and Research, 2(4), 102-108.

Eriyanti, L. D. (2017). Pemikiran Politik Perempuan Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) dalam Perspektif Feminisme: Penelusuran Pemikiran Mainstream dan Non-Mainstream. JSP (Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik), 20(1), 69-83.

Erkmen, T., & Esen, E. (2014). The Mediating Role of Trust to Managers on the Relationship between Corporate Reputation Practices and Employees’ Course of Actions to Customers. Social Responsibility Journal, 10(2), 282-296.

Fujimoto, T., Shinohara, S. K., & Oohira, T. (2014). Work-Family Conflict and Depression For Employed Husbans and Wives in Japan: Moderating Roles of Self and Spousal Role Involvement. Family Relationship and Familial Responses to Health Issues, 8A, 135-162.

Greenhaus, J. H., & Beutell, N. J. (1985). Sources of Conflict between Work and Family Roles. Academy of Management Review, 10(1), 76-88.

Ghozali, I. (2013). Aplikasi Analisis Multivariate dengan Program IBM SPSS 21 Update PLS Regresi. Semarang, Indonesia: Badan Penerbit-Undip.

Hao, J., Wang, J., Liu, L., Wu, W., & Wu, H. (2016). Perceived Organizational Support Impacts on the Associations of Work-Family Conflict or Family-Work Conflict with Depressive Symptoms among Chinese Doctors. International Journal Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(3), 1-13.

Haroz, E. E., Ybarra, M. L., & Eaton, W. W. (2014). Psychometric Evaluation of a Self-Report Scale to Measure Adolescent Depression: the CESDR-10 in Two National Adolescent Samples in the United States. Journal of Affective Disorders, 158(1), 154-160.

Huffman, A. H., Olson, K. J., O’Gara Jr, T. C., & King, E. B. (2014). Gender Role Beliefes and Father’ Work-family Conflict. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 29(7), 774-793.

Hu, X., Summer, J. A., Turnbull, A., Zuna, N. (2011). The Quantitative Measurement of Family Quality of Life: a Review of Available Instruments. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 55(1), 1098-1114.

Judge T., & Klinger, R. (2008). Job Satisfaction: Subjective Well-Being at Work. New York, US: Guilford Publications.

Kalendesang, M. P., Bidjuni, H., & Malara, R. T. (2017). Hubungan Konflik Peran Ganda Perawat Wanita sebagai Care Giver dengan Stres Kerja di Ruangan Rawat Inap Rumah Sakit Jiwa Prof. Dr. V. L. Ratumbuysang Provinsi Sulawesi Utara. E-Journal Keperawatan, 5(1), 18-27.

Kan, D., & Yu, X. (2016). Occupational Stress, Work-Family Conflict and Depressive Symptoms among Chinese Bank Employees: the Role of Psychological Capital. International Journal of Encironmental Research and Public Health, 13(1), 119-134.

Koyuncu, M., Burke, R. J., & Wolpin, J. (2012). Work-Family Conflict, Satisfactions and Psychological Managers and Professionals in Turkey. Gender in Management: an International Journal, 27(3), 202-213.

Kusuma, K. Y., & Budiani, M. S. (2017). Hubungan Konflik Peran Ganda dan Stres Kerja dengan Komitmen Organisasi Karyawati yang Berumah Tangga. Character Psychology, 4(1), 134-149.

Lathifah, I., & Rohman, A. (2014). The Influence of Work Family Conflict on Turnover Intention with Job Satisfaction as an Intervening Variable on Public Accountants Firm in Indonesia. International Journal of Research in Business and Technology, 5(2), 617-625.

Lee, M. S. M., Lee, M. B., Liao, S. C., & Chiang, F. T. (2009). Relationship between Mental Health and Job Satisfaction among Employees in a Medical Center Department of Laboratory Medicine. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, 108(2), 146-154.

Lee, N. Y., Zvonkovic, A. M., & Crawford, D. W. (2014). The Impact of Work-Family Conflict and Facilitation on Women’s Perceptions of Role Balance. Journal of Family Issues, 35(9), 1252-1274.

Leykin, Y., Roberts, C. S., & DeRubeis, R. J. (2011). Decision-Making and Depressive Symptomatology. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 35(4), 333-341.

Namayandeh, H., Juhari, R., & Yaacob, S. N. (2011). The Effect of Job Satisfaction and Family Satisfaction on Work-Family Conflict (W-FC) and Family-Work Conflict (F-WC) among Married Female Nurses in Shiraz-Iran. Asian Social Science, 7(2), 88-95.

Netemeyer, R. G., Boles, J. S., & McMurrian, R. (1996). Development and Validation of Work-Family Conflict and Family-Work Conflict Scales. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(4), 400-410.

Prel, J. B. D., & Peter, R. (2014). Work-Family Conflict as a Mediator in the Association between Work Stress and Depressive Symptoms: Cross-Sectional Evidence from the German lidA-Cohort Study. International Archiev Occupational Environmental Health, 88(3), 329-339.

Rabenu, E., Tziner, A., & Sharoni, G. (2017). The Relationship between Work-Family Conflict, Stress and Work Attitudes. International Journal of Manpower, 38(8), 1143-1156.

Ranihusna, D., & Wulansari, N. A. (2015). Reducing the Role Conflict of Working Woman: between Work and Family Centrality. Jurnal Dinamika Manajemen, 6(2), 214-225.

Riffani & Sulihandari, H. (2013). Prinsip-Prinsip Dasar Keperawatan. Jakarta, Indonesia: Dunia Cerdas.

Sabil, F., Abu, H., Kasuma, J., & Lizza, N. (2016). The European Proceedings of Social and Behavioral Sciences EpSBS, International Conference on Business and Economics, 21-23 September 2016.

Sartika, D. (2014). Pengaruh Kepuasan Kerja dan Gaya Kepemimpinan Transformasional terhadap Keinginan Keluar Karyawan dengan Komitmen Organisasi sebagai Variabel Mediasi (Studi Kasus Di Cv. Putra Tama Jaya). Management Analysis Journal, 3(2).

Silva, D. D. S. D., Tavares, N. V. D. S., Alexandre, A. R. G., Freitas, D. A., Brêda, M. Z., Albuquerque, M. C. D. S. D., & Melo Neto, V. L. D. (2015). Depression and Suicide Risk among Nursing Professionals: an Integrative Review. Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP, 49(6), 1023-1031.

Srivastava, A. (2016). Relationship between Life Satisfaction and Depression among Woking and Non-working Married Women. International Journal of Education and Psychological Research (IJEPR), 5(3), 1-7.

Stoner, C. R., Hartman, R. I., & Arora, R. (2011). Work-Family Conflict: a Study of Women in Management. The Journal of Applied Business Research, 7(1), 411-421.

Tang, F. C., Huang, S. L., & Hung, A. (2010). Job Satisfactions, Depression and Anxiety amongst Senior Police Officers in Central Taiwan. Occupational Safety and Helath, 18(4), 381-391.

Wan, R. W. E., Nordin, M. S., Omar, A., & Ismail, I. (2011). Social Support, Work-Family Enrichment and Life Satisfaction among Married Nurses in Health Service. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 1(2), 150-159.

Wang, Y., & Peng, J. (2017). Work-Family Conflict and Depression in Chinese Professional Women: the Mediating Roles of Job Satisfaction and Life Satisfaction. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 15(2), 394-406.

Wijono, S. (2010). Psikologi Industri & Organisasi. Jakarta, Indonesia: Prenadamedia.

Wolo, P. D., Trisnawati, R., & Wiyadi. (2015). Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kepuasan Kerja Perawat pada RSUD TNI AU Yogyakarta. Jurnal Ekonomi Manajemen Sumber Daya, 17(2), 25-34.

Wright, T. A., & Cropanzano, R. (2000). Psychological Well-being and Job Satisfaction as Predictors of Job Performance. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5(1), 84-94.

Wulandari, D., & Dwiyanti, R. (2014). Relatonship between the Role Conflict with Mutiple Work Stress Nurse in Women are Already Married. Psycho Idea, 2, 33-41.

Zabriskie, R. B., & Ward, P. J. (2013). Satisfaction with Family life Scale. Marriage & Family Review, 49(5), 446-463.

Zhang, J., & Liu, Y. (2011). Antecedents of Work-Family Conflict: Review and Prospect. International Journal of Business and Management, 6(1), 89-103.

View Counter: Abstract - 112 and PDF - 119


  • There are currently no refbacks.