H. Husamah


This study aims to analyze the difference of thinking skills of treatment (using Blended Project Based Learning) and control classes. This is a quasi-experimental study at new students of Biology Education. The thinking skills difference between treatment and control known through statistical test (SPSS). The results showed that there was difference in thinking skills (self-regulated, critical, and creative thinking) between treatment and control. Mean of self-regulated thinking of treatment (16.0) was higher than control (13.4). Mean of critical thinking of treatment (19.7) was higher than control (16.7). Mean of creative thinking of treatment (14.3) was higher than control (11.8).


Biology, Blended, PjBL, Students, Thinking Skills

Full Text:



Ahn, J., Weng, C., & Butler, B. 2013. The Dynamics of Open, Peer-to-Peer Learning: What Factors Influence Participation in the P2P University. Proceedings of the 46th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 3098-3107.

Anderson, T., Garrison, D. R., & Archer, W. 2004. Critical Thinking, Cognitive Presence, Computer Conferencing in Distance Learning. (Available at; accessed on July 2nd, 2015).

Andrade, A. 1999. The Thinking Classroom. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Project Zero.

Babateen, H. M. 2011. The Role of Virtual Lab In Science Education. 5th International Conference on Distance Learning and Education, 12:100-104.

Baker, M., Rudd, R., & Pomeroy, C. 2001. Relationship between Critical and Creative Thinking. Journal of Southern Agricultural Education Research, 51(1), 173-188.

Bandura, A. 1993. Perceived Self-efficacy in Cognitive Development and Functioning. Educational Psychologist, 28:117148.

Baumeister, R. F., Gailliot, M., DeWall, C. N., & Oaten, M. 2006. Self-Regulation and Personality: How Interventions Increase Regulatory Success, and How Depletion Moderates the Effects of Traits on Behavior. Journal of Personality, 74(6):1773-1802.

Bell, S. 2010. Project-Based Learning for the 21st Century: Skills for the Future. The Clearing House, 83:39-43.

Boekaerts, M. & Corno, L. 2005. Self-regulation in the Classroom: A Perspective on Assessment and Intervention. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 54:199231.

Costa, A. L. & Kallick. 2000. Describing Sixteen Habits of Mind. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Dziuban, C. D., Hartman, J., & Moskal, P. D. 2004. Blended learning. EDUCAUSE Center for Applied Res. (ECAR) Res. Bull. (7):112.

Edutopia Team. 2008. Why Teach with Project-Based Learning?: Providing Students With a Well-Rounded Classroom Experience.( Available online at, accessed on July 2nd, 2015).

Ennis, R. H. 1996. Critical Thinking and Communication. USA: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Fisher , A. 1997. Critical Thinking: An Introduction. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Hartiwiningsih. 2009. Penegakan Hukum Pidana Lingkungan. Paper dipresentasikan pada Sidang Senat Terbuka Universitas Sebelas Maret Tanggal 14 Desember. (In Bahasa Indonesia).

Heong, Y. M., Othman, W. D., Md Yunos, J., Kiong, T. T., Hassan, R. & Mohamad, M. M. 2011. The Level of Marzano Higher Order Thinking Skills Among Technical Education Students. International Journal of Social and Humanity, 1(2):121-125.

Husamah. 2014. Pembelajaran Bauran (Blended Learning). Jakarta: Prestasi Pustaka. (In Bahasa Indonesia).

Husamah & Pantiwati, Y. 2014. Cooperative Learning STAD-PjBL: Motivation, Thinking Skills, and Learning Outcomesin Biology Students. International Journal of Education, Learning & Development (IJELD), 2(1):68-85.

James, S. A. & Stapp, W. B. 1974. Environmental Education. New York: John Willey & Sons.

Johnson, E. B. 2002. Contextual Teaching and Learning: What it is and why its here to stay. California: Corwin Press, Inc.

Khoiriyah, S. & Ristianti, R. 2012. Kesadaran Lingkungan dan Motivasi Berprestasi Siswa SMA Negeri I Depok Tahun 2010/2011 Dalam Kegiatan Toyota EcoYouth (TEY). BIOEDUKASI, 4(2):13-22. (In Bahasa Indonesia)

Marzano, R. J. 1992. A Different Kind of Classroom: Teaching with Dimensions of Learning. Pittsburgh: ASCD.

Marzano, R. J., Pickering, D. J., & McTighe, J. 1993. Assessing Student Outcomes: Performance Assessment Using the Dimensions of Learning Model. Virginia: ASCD.

Marzano, R. J. & Pickering, D. J. 1997. Dimensions of Learning: Teachers Manual. Virginia: ASCD.

Marzano, R. J. 2000. Designing a New Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, a Sage Publications Company.

Nahadi, Siswaningsih, W., & Sarimaya, F. 2014. Implementasi Model Pembelajaran Lingkungan Hidup Berbasis Konteks Berpendekatan Education For Sustainable Development dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Penguasaan Konsep dan Sikap Siswa. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kimia dan Pendidikan Kimia VI. (In Bahasa Indonesia).

Phan, H. P. 2010. Critical thinking as a self-regulatory process component in teaching and learning Psicothema, 22(2):284-292.

Rasyida, N., Tapilouw, F. S., & Priyandoko, D. Effectiveness of Development Virtual Laboratory for Improved Critical Thinking and Scientific Attitude Students High School on The Concept of Metagenesis Mosses and Ferns. Proceeding National Seminar of Biology Education. 2015. [Abstact in English; Fullpaper In Bahasa Indonesia).

Ruggiero, V. R. 1993. Critical Thinking: Supplement to Becoming a Master Student. Rapid City, Michigan: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Rustaman, R. Y. 2008. Scientific Education and Research in Developing Higher Thinking Skill for Character Building. Keynote speakers paper, 8th National seminar of biology education, UNS.

Rustaman, R. Y. 2008. Habits of Mind in Learning Science and Its Asessment. Bandung: Indonesia University of Education.

Rustaman, N. Y., Dirdjosoemarto, S., Yudianto, S. A., Achmad, Y. Subekti, R., Rochintaniawati, D., & Nurjani, M. 2003. Strategi Belajar Mengajar Biologi Common Text Book. Jurusan Pendidikan Biologi FPMIPA UPI. (In Bahasa Indonesia)

Sayed, M. 2013. Blended Learning Environments: The Effectiveness in Developing Concepts and Thinking Skills. Journal of Education and Practice, 4(25):12-17.

Sherman, S. & Sherman, R. S. 2004. Science and Science Teaching: Methods for Integrating Technology in Elementary and Middle Schools. Second Edition.Boston, US: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Sidharta, A. & Darliana. 2005. Keterampilan Berfikir. Bandung, Indonesia: P3GIPA, Department of National Education of Indonesia. (In Bahasa Indonesia)

Susetyarini, E., Wahyuni, S. & Latifa, R. 2015. Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Mahasiswa pada Matakuliah Embriologi dan Reproduksi Hewan Melalui Lesson Study. Proceeding National Seminar of Biology Education. (In Bahasa Indonesia).

Thomas, J. W., Margendoller, J. R., Michaelson, A. 1999. Project-based Learning: A Handbook for Middle and High School Teachers. BGSU Edu.

Trowbridge, L. W., Bybee, R. & Powell, J. C. 2004.Teaching Secondary School Science: Strategies for Developing Scientific Literacy. Eight Edition. New Jersey, USA: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hal.

Wegerif, R. 2006. Literature Review in Thinking Skills, Technology and Learning. Bristol UK: FUTURELAB.

Yanti, F., Yustina, & Rosmaini, S. 2012. Analisis Literasi Lingkungan Hidup Mahasiswa pada Mata Kuliah Ilmu Pengetahuan Lingkungan Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP Universitas Riau Tahun Akademis 2011/2012. Unpublished thesis. Pekanbaru: FKIP Universitas Riau. (In Bahasa Indonesia).


  • There are currently no refbacks.