Impact of Shading Net on Photovoltaic Cells Performance

Wahri Sunanda, Rika Favoria Gusa, Yuant Tiandho, Erick Aryana Pratama


The output of the photovoltaic cells such as voltage and current is an essential parameter to assess the performance of photovoltaic cells. The performance of photovoltaic cells depends on the intensity of solar irradiation and the cleanliness conditions of cells. One of the factors that influence the performance of photovoltaic cells is shading. It can reduce the intensity of solar irradiation on the cells. In this study, the measurement system used two units of current and voltage sensors that simultaneously measures the performance of photovoltaic cells. In photovoltaic cells covered by a shading net with nominal shading rates of 50% and 90%, the average efficiency is 6% and 2% respectively. Meanwhile, for photovoltaic cells without covering by a shading net, the average efficiency is 11%.


photovoltaic; shading; current; voltage; efficiency

Full Text:



Rencana Umum Penyediaan Tenaga Listrik 2019-2028 (RUPTL), Kementerian ESDM, 2019.

Diseminasi Rencana Umum Penyediaan Tenaga Listrik 2019-2028 (RUPTL), PT PLN (Persero), 2019.

K. V. Vidyanandan, "An overview of factors affecting the performance of solar PV systems," Energy Scan, vol. 27, pp. 2-8, 2017.

I. H. Mahammed, A. H. Arab, Y. Bakelli, M. Khennene, S. H. Oudjana, A. Fezzani, and L. Zaghba, “Outdoor study of partial shading effects on different PV modules technologies,” Energy Procedia, vol.141, pp. 81-85, 2017.

P. Sathyanarayana, R. Ballal, P.L. Sagar, and G. Kumar, “Effect of shading on the performance of solar PV panel,” Energy and Power, vol. 5, no. 1A, pp.1-4, 2015.

M. Al-chaderchi, K. Sopain, M.A. Alghoul, and T. Salameh, “Experimental study of the effect of fully shading on the Solar PV module performance,” in E3S Web of Conferences, vol. 23, p. 01001, 2017.

S. Bimenyimana, G. N. O. Asemota, M. C. Kemunto, and L. Li, “Shading effects in photovoltaic modules: Simulation and experimental results,” in 2017 2nd International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy (ICPRE), IEEE, pp. 904-909, 2017.

L. Fialho, R. Melicio, V. Mendes, J. Figueiredo, and M. Collares-Pereira, “Effect of shading on series solar modules: simulation and experimental results,” in Conference on Electronics, Telecommunications and Computers – CETC 2013, Procedia Technology, vol. 17, pp. 295-302, 2014.

R. Ramabadran and B. Mathur, “Effect of shading on series and parallel connected solar PV modules,” Modern Applied Science, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 32-41, 2009.

Y. Sun, X. Li, R. Hong, and H. Shen, “Analysis on the effect of shading on the characteristics of large-scale on-grid PV system in China,” Energy Power Eng, vol. 5 no. 4, pp. 215-218, 2013.

F. Lu, S. Guo, T. M. Walsh, and A. G. Aberle, “Improved PV module performance under partial shading conditions,” Energy Procedia, vol. 33, pp. 248-255, 2013.

B. Aljafari, “Solar photovoltaic (PV) array under partial shading conditions,” American Journal of Engineering Research, vol. 5 no. 6, pp. 123-126, 2016.

S. Moballegh and J. Jiang, “Partial shading modeling of photovoltaic system with experimental validations,” in 2011 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, IEEE, pp. 1-9, 2011.

S. Lyden and M. E. Haque, "Modelling, parameter estimation and assessment of partial shading conditions of photovoltaic modules," Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 55-64, 2019.

D. Sera and Y. Baghzouz, “On the impact of partial shading on PV output power,” in WSEAS/IASME International Conference on Renewable Energy Sources, pp. 229-234, 2008.

V. P. Deshpande and S. B. Bodkhe, “Analysis of various connection configuration of photovoltaic module under different shading conditions,” International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, vol. 12, no. 16, pp. 5715-5720, 2017.

J. Appelbaum, “Shading and masking affect the performance of photovoltaic systems—a review,” AIMS Energy, vol. 7, no. 1, pp.77-87, 2019.

T. A. Chandel, M. A. Mallick, and M. Y. Yasin, “Performance of partially shaded solar photovoltaic system,” International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, vol. 7, pp. 1444-1449, 2019.

P. Verma, and P. Basak, ”Programming based study of shading effect in a photovoltaic array,” International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 6206-6214, 2016.

C. Deline, A. Dobos, S. Janzou, J. Meydbray, and M. Donovan, “A simplified model of uniform shading in large photovoltaic arrays,” Solar Energy, vol. 96, pp. 274-282, 2013.

R. F. Gusa, W. Sunanda, I. Dinata, and T. P. Handayani, “Monitoring system for solar panel using smartphone based on microcontroller,” in 2nd International Conference on Green Energy and Applications, IEEE, pp. 79-82, 2018.

S. Priyadarshi, S. Bhaduri, and N. Shiradkar, “IoT based, inexpensive system for large scale, wireless, remote temperature monitoring of photovoltaic modules,” in IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC) (A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC & 34th EU PVSEC), IEEE, pp. 0749-0752, 2018.

X. Xiaoli, C. Tao, and Z. Yunbo, “Condition monitoring and diagnosis for grid-connected photovoltaic power system,” in 2013 IEEE 11th International Conference on Electronic Measurement & Instruments, IEEE, vol. 2, pp. 807-811. 2013.

H. Ibrahim and N. Anani, “Variations of PV module parameters with irradiance and temperature," Energy Procedia, vol. 134, pp. 276-285, 2017.



  • There are currently no refbacks.