FAKTOR PENENTU KESUKSESAN PROYEK RANCANG-BANGUN

Bambang E. Yuwono

Abstract


Key Success Factors have been recognized in the management of design-build project and the factors are usually gained through results of analysis on questionnaires collected from conducted surveys. However, so far such factors have not been justified through modeling of interactions from various factors that influence the success of design-build projects. Factors assumed to affect the success were then put into models and examined using SEM (Structural Equation Modeling) methodology to describe, quantify and demonstrate the interaction influences of various factors on the success of design-build projects. The results of modeling and examination showed the existence of direct and indirect factors as well as dominant and less dominant factors. From the research, it could be revealed that the determinant success factors of design-build projects were the direct and predominant factors of the projects including management capabilities of the projects owners, management capabilities of design-build team, symbiosis between projects owners and the design-build team. The symbiosis was dominated by defining the scope of project.

Faktor kunci kesuksesan (Key Success Factors) telah dikenal dalam pengelolaan proyek konstruksi rancang-bangun dan faktor kunci kesuksesan tersebut biasanya didapatkan melalui hasil analisis terhadap kuesioner yang diterima dari survai yang telah dilakukan, namun sejauh ini belum pernah dilakukan pembuktian melalui pemodelan interaksi berbagai faktor yang mempengaruhi kesuksesan proyek rancang-bangun. Faktor-faktor yang diduga mempengaruhi kesuksesan proyek rancang-bangun kemudian dimodelkan dan diuji menggunakan metodologi SEM (Structural Equation Modeling) untuk mendeskripsikan, mengkuantifikasikan dan mendemonstrasikan pengaruh interaksi berbagai faktor-faktor terhadap kesuksesan proyek rancang-bangun. Hasil dari pemodelan dan pengujian pengaruh interaksi berbagai faktor terhadap kesuksesan proyek rancang-bangun adalah adanya faktor yang langsung mempengaruhi kesuksesan proyek rancang-bangun dan ada yang berpengaruh tidak langsung, terdapat pula faktor yang dominan dan faktor yang kurang dominan. Dari hasil penelitian ini dapat diungkap bahwa faktor penentu kesuksesan proyek rancang-bangun adalah faktor yang berpengaruh langsung dan dominan terhadap kesuksesan proyek rancang-bangun yaitu kemampuan manajemen pemilik proyek, kemampuan manajemen tim rancang-bangun, simbiosis antara pemilik proyek dan tim rancang bangun. Simbiosis antara pemilik proyek dengan tim rancang-bangun didominasi oleh pendefinsian lingkup proyek.



Keywords


design-build; key factors; interaction; success; symbiosis; rancang-bangun; faktor-penentu; interaksi; kesuksesan; simbiosis

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/jtsp.v10i1.6945

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