Contribution of Understanding Design Principles and Control of Design Media Use on Aesthetic Quality Design Students of Fashion Vocational School in Kudus

Rahma Aditia Puspita, Sri Endah Wahyuningsih, Rodia Syamwil

Abstract


Understanding the basic material of design and mastery of the media if it is technically adequate, it can be ascertained that the design of the clothes produced by students looks more aesthetic. The purpose of research: (1) determine the contribution of understanding of the design principles of the aesthetic quality fashion design, (2) determine contributions mastery media use design to the aesthetic quality of fashion design, (3) determine contributions jointly between the understanding of design principles and mastering the use of design media for the aesthetic quality of fashion designs made by fashion students of Vocational School in Kudus. The pattern used in this study is correlation with a quantitative approach. The studies population is 76 second grade student of dressmaking study program of SMK N 1 Kudus. The research sample is 38 students inclass XI TB 1 SMK N 1 Kudus. In this study there are 2 independent variables namely Understanding the Principles of Designand Mastery of Use of Media Design. Meanwhile the dependent variable is Aesthetic Quality Design. In doing validation, there are 2 ways, namely: (1) Expert Validation (2) Trial Validation. Reliabilitas items made by using Alpha formula. The data analysis technique uses the correlation analysis formula. Reliability performen this study using a test of consistency cohen's kappa. There contributed between 1st assessors and 2nd assessors on the aesthetic quality of design with koefiseincohen's kappa value of 0.200 which means there is no agreement among 1st assessors and 2ndassessors in assessing the aesthetic quality fashion design. The results showed that based on calculations π x1y.x = 0,296, dan ρ = 0,040 ˂ 0,05 which indicates that it is significant, supported by data (accepted). The values obtained show an understanding of design principlescontributing positively to the aesthetic quality of fashion designs.Based on calculations π x2y.x1 = 0,808, ρ = 0,00 ˂ 0,05 which indicates that it is significant, supported by data (accepted). The value obtained shows mastery of the use of design media contributes positively to the aesthetic quality of fashion designs. Based on the calculation of the correlation test in the third hypothesis, R = 0.989,
with Fcount = 732,482, and ρ = 0,00 ˂ 0,05, thus the correlation coefficient is positive, the relationship is in the same direction between the two variables. That is, there is a positive relationship between understanding the principles of design and the use of media with the aesthetic quality of fashion designs. After comparing it with a table, it is concluded that it has a very high correlation. This implies that the influence of the independent variable (X) on the dependent variable (Y) is 97,8 %, the rest is influenced by other variables.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/jvce.v3i2.16763

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