Factors Affecting the Use of Contraceptive in Indonesia: Analysis from the National Socioeconomic Survey (Susenas)

Haerawati Idris


Rapid population growth has become a major concern and attention of many national governments and international community. Most developing countries have acknowledged the role of family planning as an effective way to improve maternal/child health and suppress population growth. This study aimed to investigate the socioeconomic and demographic factors that influence the use of contraceptives in Indonesia. This was a cross-sectional study using secondary data derived from National Socio-Economic Survey (SUSENAS) in 2014. A sample of 286,695 married women was selected for this study. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the effects of socio-economic and demographic variables on contraceptive use. Only 42% of married women in Indonesia used contraceptive method. The most popular contraceptive method was injection (55%). Factors affecting contraceptive use were maternal age of 30-34 year, living in the urban area, family wealth status in the 4th quintile, secondary school, working women, residing in Java/Bali, and the number of living children > 2. Family planning policy information, education, and communication program should consider these determinants of contraceptive use.


contraceptive use, women, socio-economic demographic factors, Susenas

Full Text:



Abraha, T.H., Gebrezgiabher, B.B., Aregawi, B.G., Belay, D.S., Tikue, L.T. & Welay, G.M. 2018. Predictors of Postpartum Contraceptive Use in Rural Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia: A Multilevel Analysis. BMC public health, 18, 1017.

Adebowale, S.A., Adedini, S.A., Ibisomi, L.D. & Palamuleni, M.E. 2014. Differential Effect of Wealth Quintile on Modern Contraceptive Use and Fertility: Evidence from Malawian Women. BMC women's health, 14, 40.

Anasel, M.G. & Mlinga, U.J. 2014. Determinants of Contraceptive Use among Married Women in Tanzania: Policy Implication. African Population Studies, 28, 976-988.

Asiimwe, J., Ndugga, P. & Mushomi, J. 2013. Socio-Demographic Factors Associated with Contraceptive Use among Young Women in Comparision with Older Women in Uganda.

Earsido, A., Gebeyehu, A. & Kisi, T. 2015. Determinants of Long Acting and Permanent Contraceptive Methods Utilization among Married Women in Hossana Town, Southern Ethiopia: A Case-Control Study. J Preg Child Health, 2, 2.

Elfstrom, K.M. & Stephenson, R. 2012. The Role of Place in Shaping Contraceptive Use among Women in Africa. PloS one, 7, e40670.

Gudaynhe, S.W., Zegeye, D.T., Asmamaw, T. & Kibret, G.D. 2015. Factors Affecting the Use of Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptive Methods among Married Women in Debre Markos Town, Northwest Ethiopia 2013. Global Journal of Medical Research.

Jalang’o, R., Thuita, F., Barasa, S.O. & Njoroge, P. 2017. Determinants of Contraceptive Use among Postpartum Women in a County Hospital in Rural Kenya. BMC public health, 17, 604.

Johnson, O.E. 2017. Determinants of Modern Contraceptive Uptake among Nigerian Women: Evidence from the National Demographic and Health Survey. African journal of reproductive health, 21, 89-95.

Kimani, M., Njeru, M. & Ndirangu, G. 2013. Regional Variations in Contraceptive Use in Kenya: Comparison of Nyanza, Coast and Central Provinces. African Population Studies, 27.

Larsson, C. & Stanfors, M. 2014. Women’s Education, Empowerment, and Contraceptive Use in Sub-Saharan Africa: Findings from Recent Demographic and Health Surveys. African Population Studies, 28, 1022-1034.

Mekonnen, W. & Worku, A. 2011. Determinants of Low Family Planning Use and High Unmet Need in Butajira District, South Central Ethiopia. Reproductive Health, 8, 37.

Mindarsih, T., Ludji, I.D.R. & Pelokilla, M.L. 2018. Counseling and Individual Factors on Postpartum Mother to Use Contraceptive Method. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 14.

Ndugwa, R.P., Cleland, J., Madise, N.J., Fotso, J.-C. & Zulu, E.M. 2011. Menstrual Pattern, Sexual Behaviors, and Contraceptive Use among Postpartum Women in Nairobi Urban Slums. Journal of Urban Health, 88, 341-355.

Nonvignon, J. & Novignon, J. 2014. Trend and Determinants of Contraceptive Use among Women of Reproductive Age in Ghana. African Population Studies, 28, 956-967.

Pandey, A. & Singh, K. 2015. Contraceptive Use before First Pregnancy by Women in India (2005–2006): Determinants and Differentials. BMC public health, 15, 1316.

Pasha, O., Goudar, S.S., Patel, A., Garces, A., Esamai, F., Chomba, E., Moore, J.L., Kodkany, B.S., Saleem, S. & Derman, R.J. 2015. Postpartum Contraceptive Use and Unmet Need for Family Planning in Five Low-Income Countries. Reproductive health, 12, S11.

Rutaremwa, G., Kabagenyi, A., Wandera, S.O., Jhamba, T., Akiror, E. & Nviiri, H.L. 2015. Predictors of Modern Contraceptive Use During the Postpartum Period among Women in Uganda: A Population-Based Cross Sectional Study. BMC public health, 15, 262.

Unumeri, G., Ishaku, S., Ahonsi, B. & Oginni, A. 2015. Contraceptive Use and Its Socio-Economic Determinants among Women in North-East and North-West Regions of Nigeria: A Comparative Analysis. African Population Studies, 29.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/kemas.v15i1.14098


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.