Parental Monitoring and Risk Behavior in Middle Adolescents

Theresia Indira Shanti, Chatarina Dara Gryselda

Abstract


Friends played significant role due to middle adolescents tended to imitate behaviour of their friends including the risk behaviour. Parental monitoring could minimize the risk. However, the excessive unreasonable parental monitoring tended to increase risk behaviour of middle adolescents. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to know whether perceived parental monitoring had a significant relationship with risk behaviour among middle adolescents. This study used quantitative method with two measuring instruments in the form of a questionnaire, Parental Monitoring Questionnaire which consisted of 25 items to measure parental monitoring and Adolescence Risk Behaviour Questionnaire which consisted of 15 items to measure risk behaviour. The participants in this study were 105 male senior high school student age 15-17 years, who lived with both of their parents in Jakarta. Correlation test results showed that there was a significant relationship between perceived parental monitoring and substance use, premarital sex, and criminal behaviour among middle adolescents. Based on these results, the researcher presented some discussion materials and the suggestions that needed to be considered for further research.


Keywords


Middle adolescent, parent-child relationship, parental monitoring, risk behaviour

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bartlett, J.E., Kotrlik, J.W., & Higgins, C.C., 2001. Organizational Research: Determining Appropriate Sample Size in Survey Research. Information Technology, Learning, and Performance Journal, 19, pp.43-50.

Carpenter, R.W., Padovano, H.T., Emery, N.N., & Jr, R.M., 2019. Rate of Alcohol Consumption in the Daily Life of Adolescents and Emerging Adults. Psychopharmacology, 236(11), pp.3111-3124.

Creswell, J.W., 2012. Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.

Diclemente, R.J., Wingood, G.M., Crosby, R., Sionean, C., Cobb, B.K., Harrington, K., & Oh, M.K., 2001. Parental Monitoring: Association with Adolescents Risk Behaviors. Pediatrics, 107(6), pp.1363-1368.

Everri, M., Mancini, T., & Laura, F., 2016. Disentangling Parental Monitoring: The Role of Family Communication in Achieving Parental Knowledge. Psicologia Sociale, 11(3), pp.245-262.

Forman-Alberti, A.B., 2016. Relations Among Children’s Impulsivity, Planning, and Social Stress in Predicting Adolescent Risky Behavior: A Longitudinal Approach. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Database. UMI number: 10194734.

Gobbi, G., Atkin, T., Zytynski, T., Wang, S., Askari, S., Boruff, J., Ware, M., Marmorstein, N., Cipriani, A., Dendukuri, N., & Mayo, N., 2019. Association of Cannabis Use in Adolescence and Risk of Depression, Anxiety, and Suicidality in Young Adulthood: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Psychiatry, 76(4), pp.426-434.

Hamza, C.A., & Willoughby, T., 2011. Perceived Parental Monitoring, Adolescent Disclosure, and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms: A Longitudinal Examination. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40, pp.902–915.

Hawk, S.T., Keijsers, L., Hale, W.W., & Meeuws, W., 2009. Mind Your Own Business! Longitudinal Relations Between Perceived Privacy Invasion and Adolescent-parent Conflict. Journal of Family Psychology, 23, pp.511–520.

Huang, D.Y., Murphy, D.A., & Hser, Y.I., 2011. Parental Monitoring During Early Adolescence Deters Adolescent Sexual Initiation: Discrete-time Survival Mixture Analysis. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 20(4), pp.511-520.

Keijsers, L., Frijns, T., Branje, S.J.T., & Meeus, W., 2009. Developmental Links of Adolescent Disclosure, Parental Solicitation, and Control with Delinquency: Moderation by Parental Support. Developmental Psychology, 45(5), pp.1314-1327.

Kelly, M.L., Becker, S.J., & Spirito, A., 2017. Parental Monitoring Protects Against the Effects of Parent and Adolescent Depressed Mood on Adolescent Drinking. Addictive Behaviors, 75, pp.7-11.

Kerr, M., Stattin, H., & Tilton-Weaver, L., 2010. Parental Monitoring: A Critical Examination of Research. In V. Guilamo-Ramos, J. Jaccard & P. Dittus (Eds.), Parental Monitoring of Adolescents: Current Perspectives for Researchers and Practioners. New York: Columbia Univeristy Press.

Petronio, S., & Caughlin, J. P., 2005. Communication Privacy Management Theory: Understanding Families. In D. Braithwaite, & L. Baxter (Eds.), Engaging theories in family communication: Multiple perspectives (pp. 35-49). Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Racz, S.J., & McMahon,R.J., 2011. The Relationship Between Parental Knowledge and Monitoring to Child and Adolescent Conduct Problems: A 10-year Update. Clin. Child Family Psychol., 14, pp.377–398.

Ryan, J., Roman, N.V., & Okwany, A., 2015. The Effects of Parental Monitoring and Communication on Adolescent Substance Use and Risky Sexual Activity: A Systematic Review. The Open Family Studies Journal, 7(1), pp. 12-27.

Sasson, H. & Mesch, G.S., 2014. Parental Mediation, Peer Norms and Risky Online Behaviors Among Adolescents. Computers in Human Behavior, 33, pp.32-38.

Schuster, R., Mermelstein, M., & Wakschlag, L., 2013. Gender-specific Relationships Between Depressive Symptoms, Marijuana Use, Parental Communication and Risky Sexual Behavior in Adolescence. J Youth Adolescence, 42(1), pp.1194-1209.

Stattin, H., & Kerr, M., 2000. Parental Monitoring: A Reinterpretation. Child Development, 71(4), pp.1072-1085.

Stavrinides, P., 2011. The Relationship Between Parental Knowledge and Adolescent Delinquency: A Longitudinal Study. International Journal about Parents in Education, 5(1), pp.46-55.

Tagliabue, S., Olivari, M.G., Giuliani, C., & Confalonieri, E., 2018. To Seek or Not to Seek Advice: Talking About Romantic Issues During Emerging Adulthood. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 14(1), pp.125-142.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/kemas.v16i3.23431

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.