Application of "Health Belief Model" in the prevention and maintenance of chronic disease health in the elderly

Lufthiani Anwar

Abstract


Chronic disease is a non-communicable disease categorized as a long-term disease due to physiological changes in the body in the elderly. Chronic disease can be prevented with a healthy lifestyle and education through the Health Belief Model with the belief that someone takes a series of actions in an effort to overcome a disease and reduce side effects. This study aims to determine how the effect of the application of "Health Belief Model" in the Prevention and Health Care of Chronic Disease in the Elderly, which was carried out with a total sample of 100 respondents. The research design used Quasi Experiment with pre test and post test approach with control group design, knowledge questionnaire about chronic disease, disease prevention and health care including pre test and post test, used Paired T-Test with knowledge result p value 0.000 <α (α = 0.05) and health prevention and maintenance p value 0.000 <α. (α = 0.05) so it can be concluded that there is an effect of implementing the "Health Belief Model" in the prevention and maintenance of chronic disease health in the elderly.

Keywords


Health belief model, prevention and maintenance, elderly

References


Abd El Aziz, M. S., Ibrahim, H. A. F., & Elgzar, W. T. I. (2016). Effect of application of health belief model on pregnant women'knowledge and health beliefs regarding urogenital infections. Journal of Nursing and Health Science, 5(5), 34-44.

Aflakseir, A. (2012). Role of illness and medication perceptions on adherence to medication in a group of Iranian patients with type 2 diabetes. Journal of diabetes, 4(3), 243-247.

Farahani, D. F., Shamsi, M., Khorsandi, M., Ranjbaran, M., & Rezvanfar, M. (2016). Evaluation of the effects of education based on health belief model on medication adherence in diabetic patients.

Geneva, S., & World Health Organization. (2011). Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2010. [Google Scholar].

Ghaderi, N., Ahmadpour, M., Saniee, N., Karimi, F., Ghaderi, C., & Mirzaei, H. (2017). Effect of education based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) on anemia preventive behaviors among iranian girl students. International Journal of Pediatrics, 5(6), 5043-5052.

Ghasemi, A., Karimi Moonaghi, H., Mohajer, S., Mazlom, S. R., & Shoeibi, N. (2018). Effect of self-management educational program on vision-related quality of life among elderly with visual impairment. Evidence Based Care, 8(1), 35-44.

Gonzalez, M. E., & Maria, M. (2018). C, Gelehrter R, Lopes C. Convivendo com a doença renal: entre ditos e não ditos, 108-14

Hosseini, Z., Karimi, Z., Mohebi, S., Sharifirad, G., Rahbar, A., & Gharlipour, Z. (2017). Nutritional Preventive Behavior of Osteoporosis in Female Students: Applying Health Belief Model (HBM). International Journal of Pediatrics, 5(1), 4137-4144.

Kamran, A., Ahari, S. S., Biria, M., Malpour, A., & Heydari, H. (2014). Determinants of patient’s adherence to hypertension medications: application of health belief model among rural patients. Annals of medical and health sciences research, 4(6), 922-927.

Khorsandi, M., Fekrizadeh, Z., & Roozbahani, N. (2017). Investigation of the effect of education based on the health belief model on the adoption of hypertension-controlling behaviors in the elderly. Clinical interventions in aging, 12, 233.

Kusuma, D., Kusumawardani, N., Ahsan, A., K. Sebayang, S., Amir, V., & Ng, N. (2019). On the verge of a chronic disease epidemic: comprehensive policies and actions are needed in Indonesia. International health, 11(6), 422-424.

Luquis, R. R., & Kensinger, W. S. (2019). Applying the health belief model to assess prevention services among young adults. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education, 57(1), 37-47.

Onoruoiza, S. I., Musa, A., Umar, B. D., & Kunle, Y. S. (2015). Using health beliefs model as an intervention to non compliance with hypertension information among hypertensive patient. Int Organ Sci Res J Human Soc Sci, 20(9), 11-16.

Ribeiro, F., Gallego-Urrea, J. A., Jurkschat, K., Crossley, A., Hassellöv, M., Taylor, C., ... & Loureiro, S. (2014). Silver nanoparticles and silver nitrate induce high toxicity to Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata, Daphnia magna and Danio rerio. Science of the Total Environment, 466, 232-241.

Riskesdas. (2018) https://kesmas.kemkes.go.id/assets/upload/dir_519d41d8cd98f00/files/Hasil-riskesdas-2018_1274.pdf

Salama, A. M. (2018). Utilizing health belief model to enhance the preventive behavior against iron-deficiency anemia among pregnant women. IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science, 7, 59-69.

Vilhena, E., Pais-Ribeiro, J., Silva, I., Pedro, L., Meneses, R. F., Cardoso, H., ... & Mendonça, D. (2014). Psychosocial factors as predictors of quality of life in chronic portuguese patients. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 12(1), 3.

World Health Organization. (2018). Noncommunicable diseases country profiles 2018.

Yazdanpanah, Y., Saleh Moghadam, A. R., Mazlom, S. R., Haji Ali Beigloo, R., & Mohajer, S. (2019). Effect of an Educational Program based on Health Belief Model on Medication Adherence in Elderly Patients with Hypertension. Evidence Based Care, 9(1), 52-62.

Yue, Z., Li, C., Weilin, Q., & Bin, W. (2015). Application of the health belief model to improve the understanding of antihypertensive medication adherence among Chinese patients. Patient education and counseling, 98(5), 669-673.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/kemas.v17i4.27296

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.