INTENSITAS PENCAHAYAAN DAN KELAINAN REFRAKSI MATA TERHADAP KELELAHAN MATA

Hermawan Ady Prayoga

Abstract

Keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja ditujukan untuk melindungi perkerja agar tidak membawa dampak atau akibat buruk kepada tenaga kerja yang berupa penyakit atau gangguan kesehatan. Salah satu faktor fisik di tempat kerja yang dapat menyebabkan kecelakaan kerja dan penyakit akibat kerja yaitu penerangan. Masalah penelitian adalah bagaimana hubungan antara intensitas pencahayaan dan kelainan refraksi mata dengan kelelahan mata pada tenaga para medis di bagian rawat inap RSUD dr. Soediran Mangun Sumarso Wonogiri.Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara intensitas pencahayaan dan kelainan refraksi mata dengan kelelahan mata pada tenaga para medis. Metode penelitian cross sectional, dengan populasi perawat RSUD dr. Soediran Mangun Sumarso Wonogiri berjumlah 299 orang. Sampel berjumlah 41 responden, menggunakan random sampling. Instrumen berupa lux meter dan pengukuran reaction timer. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan variabel yang berhubungan dengan kelelahan mata pada tenaga medis adalah intensitas cahaya (p=0,011) dan kelainan refraksi mata (p=0,018). Simpulan penelitian, ada hubungan antara intensitas pencahayaan dan kelainan refraksi mata dengan kelelahan mata pada tenaga para medis di bagian rawat inap RSUD dr. Soediran Mangun Sumarso Wonogiri.

Occupational health and safety aimed to protecting worker of bad effect, for example from diseases or health problems. One of the physical factors in the workplace that can lead to accident and occupational disease is lighting. Research problem was how the relationship between light intensity and abnormality eye refractive to eye fatigue on medical staff at dr. Mangun Soediran Sumarso Wonogiri. Research purpose was to determine the relationship between light intensity and abnormality eye refractive to eye fatigue of the medical personnel. Cross-sectional research methods with nurses population from dr. Soediran Mangun Sumarso hospital Wonogiri, amounts 299 people. The samples amounted to 41 respondents, using random sampling. Instruments such as lux meters and reaction timer. The result showed that the variables associated with eye fatigue on medical staff were light intensity (p=0.011) and abnormality eye refractive (p=0.018). The conclusions, there was relationship between light intensity and abnormality eye refractive to eye fatigue on the medical staff at dr. Soediran Mangun Sumarso Wonogiri.

Keywords

Fatigue Eye; Lighting Intensity; Refraction

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