Looking through the Ethnolinguistic Perspective to Unveil the Social Facts Phenomenon of Piil Pesenggiri

Widhya Ninsiana


This article discusses the issues around the socio-cultural phenomenon that employ interdisciplinary studies between linguistics, anthropology and sociology to study the linguistic behaviors of the Lampungese society in a way to grasp their worldview. The data were technically collected through observation and literature reviews to bring out the voices and experiences of the people who mostly affected by the concept of Piil Pesenggiri, of people whose voices have been missing in literature and debate. The production and reproduction of identity through Piil Pesenggiri seems to remain a finding tradition exist among the Lampungese which primarily resulted both demographic and the local political change allowing emergence of a capitalist strategy "retreatment" used as a form of resistance against the transmigrants. It is not a secret anymore that Piil Pesenggiri which many of us understood as the life philosophy of Lampungese triggers negative stigma amongst other shared races or tribes of transmigrants, it is a shift of viewing piil as a mere "cultural shield" or cultural fortress within their social relations. It then becomes clear that the worldview of the social facts of the community as well as segregation that plunges into the socio-political aspects of society including education, cultural symbols, the political flow of identification of social structures. Todays, the existence of Piil Pesenggiri ethnolinguistically is deemed to reflect cultural capital, a static and contextual product of identity which cannot be separated from the people (ulun) Lampung. The empirical information obtained by this research is expected to be utilized by various stakeholders concerning the problem of relations between ethnic groups in taking the attitude, policy and purposes of a scholarship. Such studies are of course useful not only for reconciliation to conflicts involving the ethnic communities, but also to the ability to maintain a well-created social harmony as well.


ethnolinguistics; piil pesenggiri; identity; Lampungese; tradition

Full Text:



Barth, F. (1969). Ethnic groups and boundaries: the social organization of culture difference. Oslo: Scandinavian University Press.

Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Lampung. http://lampung.bps.go.id/Subjek/view/id/12#subjekViewTab3|accordion-daftar-subjek1

Berger, P.L. (1963). Invitation to Sociology A Humanistic Perspective. New York. Anchor Books, Doubley & Company, Inc.

Berger, P. L. and Luckmann, T. (1996), The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge, Garden City, NY: Anchor Books

Bogdan, R, & Tylor, S.J. (1975). lnlroduction to Qualitative Reseach Methodes, A Phenomenomenological Approach to the Social Sciennce, Canada: John Will1,& Sons Inc, p. 163

Crystal, David. (1987), The Cambridge encyclopedia of language, Cambridge [Cambridgeshire ; New York : Cambridge University Press

Ding, Ersu. (2010), Cassirer in the Context of Saussurean Semiotics, Chinese Semiotic Studies, 3 (1), 2010, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/css-2010-0107

Duranti, Alesandro. 1997. Linguistic Anthropology. Cambridge: Cambrudge University Press

Durkheim, Emile (1982). What is a Social Fact? from Durkheim Emile, The rules of soci

Durkheim, Emile. (1973). On Morality and Society. London: the University of Chicago Press

Hadikusuma, H. et al. (1985/1986). Adat Istiadat Lampung. Bandar Lampung: Kantor Wilayah Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Lampung.

Hymes, Dell. (1964), Language in Culture and Society: A Reader in Linguistics and Anthropology, New York: Harper and Row.

Lembaga Adat Megou Pak Tulang Bawang. (05 Oktober 2014). Lampung ; Kearifan Lokal Piil Pesenggiri. Diakses pada: http://megou-pak.blogspot.co.id/2014/10/lampung-kearifan-lokal-piil-pesenggiri.html

Masianambouw, E. K.M. (1998). Hubungan Timbal Balik antara Bahasa dan Kebudayaan (ceramah). Denpasar. Oommen. T.K. 1997. Kewarganegaraan, kebangsaan & etnisitas (Munabari Fahlesa, Trans.). Bantul: Kreasi Wacana Offset.

Miles, M.B., & Huberman, A.M. (1974, 3rd Eds. Saldana, J.). (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis A Methods Sourcebook. Arizona State University, USA: SAGE Publishing

Reyhan, (19 Januari 2015). Suku Lampung. Diakses pada http://reyhan1996.blogspot.co.id/2015/01/suku-lampung.html

Sapir, E. (1957). Culture Language and Personality, dalam David G. Mandelbaum, Selected Writings of Edward Sapir: in Language Culture Personality, Berkley: University California Press

Setyawan, et al. (2012). Merajut Jurnalisme Damai di Lampung. AJI Bandar Lampung: Bandar Lampung

Sinaga, R.M., (2014), Strategi Mengubah Stigma Kajian Piil Pesenggiri Dalam Budaya Lampung. Masyarakat Indonesia, 40 (1), Juni 2014, pp. 109-126

Sinaga, R. M. 2012. Revitalisasi tradisi: Strategi mengubah stigma kajian piil pesenggiri dalam budaya Lampung (The revitalization of tradition: Change-strategy in reviewing self-dignity in Lampung culture). PhD diss., University of Indonesia, Indonesia.

Sulistyowati &Margaretha, (2011), Piil Pesenggiri: Modal Budaya Dan Strategi Identitas Ulun Lampung, Makara, Sosial Humaniora, 15,(2), Desember 2011, pp. 140-150

Spradley. J. (1969). The Etnolographic Interview. New York: Holt Reinhart and Winston

Syah, Iskandar. (2004). Sejarah Hukum Adat Lampung Pepadun Way Kanan. Universitas Lampung: Bandar Lampung

Suku Dunia. (15 Desember, 2014). Sejarah Suku Lampung. [Blogspot Post]. Diakses pada: http://suku-dunia.blogspot.co.id/2014/12/sejarah-suku-lampung.html

Sulistyowati Irianto, (2004) Piil Pesenggiri: Modal Budaya dan Strategi Identitas Lampung, Makara Sosial Humaniora. Vol. 15. No. 2, 2004, h. 144.

Tobing, Jakob. (3 Desember, 2010).Kebudayaan Menurut Konstitusi: Eksposisi Pasal 32 UUD 45. Diakses pada: http://www.leimena.org/id/page/v/185/kebudayaan-menurut-konstitusi-eksposisi-pasal-32-uud-45

Ulun Lampung. (2 Mei, 2007). Teori Asal-usul Lampung. http://ulunlampung.blogspot.co.id/2007/05/teori-asal-usul-ulun-lampung.html


  • There are currently no refbacks.