Communication and Conflict of North Coast Resources Utilization in Serang Regency

Ail Muldi, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Rilus A Kinseng, Basita Ginting Sugihen

Abstract

The gap in the coastal resources utilization on the North Coast in Serang Regency has the potential to cause conflict between coastal communities dealing with local governments and sea sand mining companies. This research focuses on how the communication practices of the conflicting parties and the typology of conflict, communication interactions in conflict relations and communication strategies in conflict solutions. The research used qualitative approach which was conducted through in-depth interview with informants purposively. The results of the research showed that the dominance of natural resources was the trigger for conflict in the utilization of coastal resources on the North Coast in Serang Regency. The ineffectiveness of government and company communication in managing conflict potentials made coastal communities perceived the sea sand mining activities negatively. Coastal communities fought for their interests in various forms namely demonstrations, anarchism, social conflict between layers and human rights violations. The most active community groups were fishermen because sea sand mining had caused technical problems with fishing and decrease in income. The conflicting parties communicated with each other openly, defensively and in confrontational way. The practice of communication in resolving conflicts ran less effectively because the government and the company did not involve conflicting parties through communication to resolve the conflict. The research findings are the basis of understanding to manage potential conflicts and its escalations through appropriate communication to reach consensus to realize convergence of interests.

Keywords

Communication strategy, natural resource conflict, conflict resolution

References

Adejimola AS. 2009. Language and communication in conflict resolution. Journal of Law and Conflict Resolution Vol. 1(1): 001-009.

Amiruddin S. 2014. Jaringan Sosial Pemasaran Pada Komunitas Nelayan Tradisional Banten. Jurnal Komunitas : Research & Learning in Sociology and Anthropology. DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v6i1.2949.

Annisa et al. 2009. Sodality : Jurnal Trnasdisiplin Sosiologi, Komunikasi dan Ekologi Manusia, Vol 3 (1) : 113-124.

Cason, TN, Sheremeta, RM, & Zhang, J. 2012. Communication and efficiency in competitive coordination games. Games and Economic Behavior, 76, 26-43.

Creswell JW. 2007. Qualitative Inquiry& Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches. Second Edition. California: Sage Publications.

Dahrendorf R. 1986. Konflik dan Konflik dalam Masyarakat Industri : Sebuah Analisa Kritik. Jakarta (ID): CV Rajawali.

DeFleur MH, Kearney P, Plax TG, DeFleur ML. 2014. Fundamentals of Human Communication : Social Science in Everyday Life, Fourth Edition. New York (NY) : McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

DeVito JA. 2013. The Interpersonal Communication Book, Thirteenth Edition. New York (NY) : Pearson Education Inc.

Effendy OU. 2008. Dinamika Komunikasi, Cetakan ketujuh. Bandung (ID): PT. Remaja Rosdakarya

Engel A, Korf B. 2005. Negotiation and mediation techniques for natural resource management. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome.

Fitriyah N. 2012. Strategi Komunikasi Dalam Upaya Penanganan Konflik Pembangunan Industrial : Studi Kasus Konflik Masyarakat Padarincang Terhadap Pembangunan PT. Aqua Danone. Jurnal Riset Komunikasi Vol 3 (6) : 309-320.

Huma. 2013. Outlook Konflik Sumberdaya Alam dan Agraria 2012, dalam https://huma.or.id/home/pusat-database-dan-informasi/outlook-konflik-sumberdaya-alam-dan-agraria-2012-3.html, di akses 21 Desember 2018.

Jahan KM, Salayo ND, Usha K. 2009. Fisheries Research 99 (2009):112-122 Managing fisheries conflict through communication planning: Experience from inland fisheries of Bangladesh.

Kaye M. 1998. Communication Management. Sydney : Prentice Hall Australia.

Kapelus P, Richards E, Sherwin H. 2011. Conflict-sensitive impact assessment. In: Vanclay F, Esteves AM, editors. New directions in social impact assessment. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.

KPA. 2015. Reforma Agraria dan Penyelesaian Konflik Agraria Disandera Birokrasi, dalam http://kpa.or.id/publikasi/baca/Laporan/31/Catahu_2015:_Reforma_Agraria_dan_Penyelesaian_Konflik_Agraria_Disandera_Birokrasi, diakses 21 Desember 2018

Kinseng RA. 2007. Konflik-konflik sumberdaya alam di kalangan nelayan di Indonesia. SODALITY Vol 1 (1): 87-104. Doi: 10.22500/sodality.v1i1.5936

_______. 2013. Identifikasi Potensi, Analisis dan Resolusi Konflik, dalam Victor PH Nikijuluw, Luky Adrianto, dan Nia Januarini (penyunting). Coral Governance. Bogor (ID): Penerbit IPB Press

_______. 2017. Decentralisation and the Living Conditions and struggle of Fishers : A Study in West Java and East Kalimantan. Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol 10 (2) : 71-82.

KLH. 2004. Laporan Verifikasi Kasus Penambangan Pasir Laut oleh PT. Jetstar di Desa Lontar, Kecamatan Tirtayasa, Kabupaten Serang, Banten.

Koran Radar Banten. 2004. Djoko Desak Bunyamin Stop Pengerukan Pasir. Jum,at, 25 Juni. Kabupaten Serang.

Kriesberg L. 2003. Constructive conflict: From escalation to resolution (2nd). Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publisher, Inc.

Kurniawan B. 2012. Kearifan Lokal di Tengah Arus Pembangunan. WELFARE, Jurnal Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial, Vol 1 (2) : 225-238.

Leibbrandt A, Saaksvuori L. 2012. Communication in intergroup conflicts. European Economic Review 56 (2012) 1136–1147. doi:10.1016/j.euroecorev.2012.05.003.

Liliweri, Alo. 2011. Komunikasi Serba Ada Serba Makna. Jakarta (ID): Kencana.

Littlejohn SW, Domenici K. 2001. Engaging communication in conflict : systemic practice. London : Sage Publication Inc

_______. 2007. Communication, conflict, and the management of difference. Illnois : Waveland Press, Inc.

Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup Republik Indonesia. 2004. Surat Nomor B-2529/MENLH/05/2004: Rekomendasi Tindak Lanjut Kasus Penambangan Pasir Lepas Pantai Oleh PT. Jetstar. Jakarta.

Muslim A, Kolopaking LM, Dharmawan AH, Soetarto E. 2015. Dinamika Peran Sosial Politik Ulama dan Jawara di Pandeglang Banten. MIMBAR, Vol 31 (2) : 461-474.

Miles MB, Huberman M, Saldana J. 2014. Qualitative Data Analysis: a Methods Sourcebook. Third edition. California (US): Sage Publications.

Nurzal ER. 2004. Upaya Penanganan Pasir Laut Dari Sisi Kebijakan. Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan P3TL-BPPT Vol 5 (3): 212-220. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29122/jtl.v5i3.318.

Putnam, LL, 2013. Definitions and Approaches to Conflict, in Oetzel JG, Ting-Toomey S, editors. The SAGE Handbook of Conflict Communication : Integrating Theory, Research, and Practice, Second Edition. London (UK): SAGE Publication, Inc.

Priyatna FN, Kinseng RA, Satria A. 2013. Akses dan Strategi Aktor-aktor Dalam Pemanfaatan Sumber Daya Waduk Djuanda. Jurnal Sosek KP, Vol 8 (1) : 1-9.

Pruitt DG, Rubin JZ. 2004. Teori Konflik Sosial. Yogyakarta (ID) : Pustaka Pelajar

Rogers EM, Kincaid DL. 1981. Communication Network : Toward a New Paradigm for Research. New York (NY): The Free Press.

Satria, A. 2009. Ekologi politik nelayan. Yogyakarta (ID) : LkiS

_______. 2015. Pengantar Sosiologi Masyarakat Pesisir. Jakarta (ID): Diterbitkan atas kerjasama antara Fakultas Ekologi Manusia IPB dengan Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Siagian HF, Abdullah MY, Mustaffa NB, Ahmad F. 2013. K’ Pola Penglibatan Dan Impak Komunikasi Para Ulama Mencegah Konflik Dalam Masyarakat. Jurnal Komunikasi KAREBA, Vol. 2 (1) : 41-54.

Sjaifuddin. 2007. Pengelolaan lingkungan wilayah pesisir dan laut teluk banten berkelanjutan. Disertasi Sekolah Pascasarjana IPB.

Soegijono SP. 2015. Papalele : Dangerous Encounter and Transaction in Conflict. Komunitas : International of Indonesian Society and Culture, Vol 7 (2) : 297-306. DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v7i2.4520.

Sultana F. 2011. Suffering for water, suffering from water: Emotional geographies of resource access, control and conflict. Geoforum 42 (2011) 163–172. doi:10.1016/j.geoforum.2010.12.002.

Sumardjo. 2006. Komunikasi dalam Perspektif Ekologi Manusia. Di dalam : Adiwibowo S, editor. Ekologi Manusia. Bogor (ID): FEMA IPB.

________, Riyanto S, Saleh A, Dahri, Firmansyah A. 2014. Tipologi konflik berbasis sumber daya pangan di wilayah perkebunan sawit. Jurnal ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19 (3): 189-196.

________. 2015. Pemberdayaan: Alternatif perluasan strategi deradikalisasi. Makalah utama disampaikan dalam seminar nasional di IPB Convention Centre 13 Oktober 2015.

Susan N. 2009. Sosiologi Konflik dan Isu-Isu Konflik Kontemporer. Jakarta (ID): Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Tubbs S. 2013. Human Communication : Principles and Contexts, Thirteenth Editions. New York (NY): The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Turner, J. H. 1998. The Structure of Sociological Theory (Fifth Ed), Wadsworth Publishing Company. Belmont, California.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.