Dynamics of Change in Customary Actor Authority After Determining the Status of Indigenous Villages in Siak Regency

Husni Setiawan

Abstract

This study discusses the status of adat which has the power of formal law which gradually impacts on the addition and strengthening of political rights of traditional leaders. This phenomenon occurs in the Sakai Minas Traditional Village, Siak Regency. The community of the traditional village made a rule that the chief (Village Chief) must come from ethnic Sakai or who have blood ties with the Sakai community. On the other hand, there is a dichotomy of the political rights of people outside of Sakai Ethnicity. This study aims to analyze the strengthening of the authority of indigenous actors in Kabupaten Siak. This study uses a qualitative method. Analysis of data using emik based on the results of in-depth interviews and related documents. The results of the study showed that after the establishment of Sakai Minas Traditional Village status, customary actors experienced formal political authority (de jure) strengthening compared to before the establishment of traditional village status. Strengthening this authority comes from the interpretation of the Perda Kabupaten Siak No. 2 of 2015 concerning the Establishment of Traditional Villages.

Keywords

Authority; Customary Actors;Sakai Traditional Village

References

Afrizal, A. (2014). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif: Sebuah Upaya Mendukung Penggunaan Penelitian Kualitatif dalam Berbagai Disiplin Ilmu. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Amaliatulwalidain. 2016. Demokrasi Lokal di Sumatera Barat: Memahami Pendekatan “Self Governing Community” Pada Sistem Pemerintahan Nagari di Minangkabau. Jurnal Pemerintahan dan Politik, Vol. 2, No. 1

Asrinaldi. 2017. Demokrasi Lokal Di Indonesia. Padang: Erka

Effendi, E., & Putra, S. (2017). Kearifan Lokal Budaya Suku Sakai Terhadap Sumber Daya Perairan Di Kabupaten Bengkalis. Riau Law Journal. Vol. 1, No. 1

Fitriciada, Aidul A. 2014. Rekonstruksi Tradisi Bernegara Dalam UUD 1945. Yogyakarta: Genta

Hamidy, UU. 1992. Pengislaman Masyarakat Sakai Oleh Tarekat Naksyahbandiyah Babussalam. Pekanbaru: UIR Press

Noer, Melinda. 2006. Pembangunan Berbasis Kelembagaan Adat. Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan. Vol. XXII, No. 2

Paul, Doyle, J. 1986. Teori Sosiologi Klasik dan Modern. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Perda Kab. Siak. (2015). Nomor 2 Tentang Penetapan Desa Adat

Peraturan Hukum Adat Sakai Wilayah Bathin Limo Bomban Mineh

RPJM. (2016). Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menegah (RPJM) Kampung Adat Sakai Minas

Suparlan, Parsudi. 1995. Orang Sakai Di Riau: Masyarakat terasing Dalam Masyarakat Indonesia. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Suwaryo, Utang. 2011. Mengembalikan Otonomi Untuk Desa. Jurnal Governance, Vol. 2, No. 1.

Undang-Undang. (2014) Nomor 6 Tentang Desa

Yunus, Yasril. 2013. Aktor Kultural Dalam Pemerintahan Terendah di Sumatera Barat (Posisi Ninik Mamak Dalam Struktural Adat dan Penyelenggaraan Pemerintahan Formal). Jurnal Humanus, Vol. XII, No. 1. Hlm. 21-32

Refbacks