Gender Performance, Gender Identity and Stigma in the Life of Cosplayers in Malang City

Dita Wahyu Putri M(1), Siti Kholifah(2), Intan Rahmawati(3),


(1) Universitas Brawijaya
(2) Brawijaya University
(3) Brawijaya University

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine gender performance, gender identity and gender stigma experienced by cosplayers in Malang City. Gender performance that occurs repeatedly in a certain period of time is able to create a gender identity. Gender identity is perpetuated based on the repetition of gender performance in the lives of cosplayers. In his life, a cosplayer has gender differences in his life. There are gender differences when they become cosplayers and when they are in their social life. The existence of differences made by a cosplayer raises a problem. The problem experienced by cosplayers is stigma. Stigma is often experienced by cosplayers who have two genders in their lives. Gender changes that keep repeating make people accuse that a cosplayer is not a normal person. The intended abnormality leads to the sexuality of a cosplayer. The research method used in this study is phenomenology with the data generated is a description of the cosplayer's experience in playing her gender, forming her gender identity to the stigma attached to her body. Collecting data by means of observation, interviews and documentation. The result of this research is that a cosplayer's gender identity is formed based on continuous repetition. Gender performance is one of the processes of gender identity formation. The gender performance that is displayed is from imitating the character or character he likes. Gender performance is the cause of cosplayers getting stigma from their social environment. The stigma attached to this cosplayer then crosses gender in the form of sexual deviation.

Keywords

gender identity; cosplayer; stigmatitation

Full Text:

PDF

References

. Ahn, J. (2008, May 6). Animated Subjects: Globalitation, Media ang East Asian Cultural

Imaginaries. Retrieved March 6, 2017, from

http://digitallibrary.usc.edu/cdm/ref/collection/p15799coll127/id/73308.

. Bungin, Burhan. 2003. Analisa Data Penelitian Kualitatif: Pemahaman Filosofis

dan Metodologis ke Arah Penguasaan Model Aplikasi. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

. Butler, Judidth. 1990. Gender Trouble: feminism and the subversion of identity. New York: Routledge.

. Craig, T. J. (2000). Japan Pop!: Inside the World of Japanese Popular Culture. New York: M.E. Sharpe.

. Kurniawati, Dwi Ayu. 2016. Stigma Sebagai Suatu Ketidakadilan Pada Mantan Narapidana Perempuan di Masyarakat Surabaya. Surabaya : Universitas Airlangga.

. Lamerichs, Nicolle.2011.Stranger than fiction:Fan identity cosplay.Maastricht

University Netherlands vol. 7.

. Lunning, Frenchy.2012.Cosplay and the performance.Quodlibetica, vol.6, no. 1.

. Bogdan, R, & Biklen, S. 1992. Qualitative Research for Education. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon

. Kuswarno, Engkus. 2009. Metode Penelitian Komunikasi Fenomenologi : Konsepsi, Pedoman, dan Contoh Penelitiannya. Bandung: Widya Padjajaran.

. Santoso, Danar Dwi 2016. Stigmatisasi Orang tua Tunggal Perempuan Di Masyarakat. Yogyakarta : Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga.

. Suyanto dan Sutinah. 2007. Metode Penelitian Sosial Berbagai Alternatif Pendekatan. Jakarta: Kencana.

Journal

. Handaningtias, Uliviana Restu dan Agustina, Helmy. 2017. “Peristiwa Komunikasi Dalam Pembentukan Konsep Diri Otaku Anime”. Diakses melalui http://jurnal.unpad.ac.id/jkk/article/view/11405.

. Mulyanah. 2018. “Pandangan Diri Cosplayer pada Komunitas Japan Matsuri”. Diakses melalui http://repository.fisip-untirta.ac.id/1132/1/Mulyanah.6662130703%20-%20Copy.pdf.

. Rastati Ranny. 2018. “Media dan Identitas: Cultural Imperialism Jepang Melalui Cosplay (Studi terhadap Cosplayer yang Melakukan Crossdress)” Diakses melalui http://journal.ui.ac.id/index.php/jkmi/article/view/7818.

. Sabka, Fasa Bikati., Setyanto Yugih dan Winduwati Septia, 2018. “Pegungkapan Identitas Diri Melalui Komunikasi Non Verbal Arifaktual Pada Komunitas Crossdress Cosplay Jepang”. Diaskes melalui https://journal.untar.ac.id/index.php/koneksi/article/download/3905/2291.

. Venus, Antar dan Helmi, Lucky. 2010. Budaya Populer Jepang di Indonesia : Catatan Studi Fenomenologis Tentang Konsep Diri Anggota Cosplay Party Bandung. Diakses melalui http://jurnalaspikom.org/index.php/aspikom/article/view/9.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 Dita Wahyu Putri M, Siti Kholifah, Intan Rahmawati

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.