The Power of Sugesti in Traditional Javanese Healing Treatment

Atik Triratnawati, Arsanti Wulandari, Tiara Marthias

Abstract

This paper aims to explore the beliefs in society toward traditional healing regardless of the more accessible, affordable and improved modern health services. This ethnographic study was conducted in Yogyakarta in 2013-2014. Phenomenological approach was used to analyze the data using the theory of health seeking behavior as the guiding principle of this research. The main factor influencing Javanese communitys belief in traditional healing was the power of placebo effect. Placebo can arise from both the patient and the healer. Additionally, other factors such as compatibility between the patients and the healer, patients aversion to doctors therapy, and the fact that traditional treatment is cheaper, easier, and more effective than modern medicine were the main considerations for patients in choosing traditional treatment. The benefit of psychotherapy provided through traditional medicine is in the form of life advices or counseling. In addition, healers attentiveness in listening to patients complaints was also the main appeal of the traditional health care service.

Tulisan ini mengupas kepercayaan masyarakat pada penyembuhan medis tradisional meski pelayanan kesehatan modern semakin mudah diakses, murah/gratis pembiayaannya serta ditingkatkan pelayanannya. Studi etnografis ini dilakukan di DIY tahun 2013-2014. Pendekatan fenomenologi digunakan untuk menganalisis data disertai teori health seeking behavior. Kunci kepercayaan masyarakat Jawa berobat ke penyembuh tradisional adalah pengaruh sugesti. Sugesti muncul baik dari penderita maupun penyembuh. Selain itu faktor cocok, takut dengan terapi dokter serta murah, mudah dan manjur juga menjadi pertimbangan pasien ke pengobatan tradisional. Manfaat psikoterapi berupa nasihat, wejangan maupun saran serta kemampuan penyembuh tradisional mendengar curahan hati pasien menjadi daya tarik lain pasien merasa cocok ke pengobatan non medis.

Keywords

sugesti effect; traditional treatment; compatibility; psychotherapy; Javanese culture

Full Text:

PDF

References

Ariani, E. & Madjid, E. 2001. Pengalamanku Berhasil Dengan Pengobatan Alternatif. Jakarta: Majalah Nirmala

Baum, F. 2008. The New Public Health. Melbourne: Oxford University Press

Biro Pusat Statistik. 2010. Statistik Kesejahteraan Rakyat, Survei Sosial Ekonomi Nasional 2009. Jakarta: BPS

Burns, A., Lovich, R., Maxwell, J., et al. 2000. Pemberdayaan Wanita Dalam Bidang Kesehatan. Yogyakarta: Yayasan Essentia Medica

Chunjiang, F. 2004. Essence of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Jakarta: Elex Media Komputindo

Ferzacca, S. 2001. Healing the Modern in a Central Javanese City, Durham: Carolina Academic Press

________. 2002. Governing bodies in New Order Indonesia, dalam Nichter, M and Lock, M (eds.) New Horizon in Medical Anthropology, London: Routledge

Foster, G.M. & Anderson, B.G. 1999. Antropologi Kesehatan. Jakarta: UI Press

Galanti, A.G. 2008. Caring for Patients from Different Culture, Philadelphia;University of Pennsylvania Press

Geertz, C. 1989. Abangan, Santri, Priyayi Dalam masyarakat Jawa. Jakarta Pustaka Jaya

Guang, H.Z. & Lewis, V. 2012. Sehat Tanpa Obat: Solusi Sehat, Murah, dan Cepat. Semarang: Dahara Prize

Hardjodisastr0, D., & Hardjodisastro, W. 2010. Ilmu Slamet. Jakarta: Bhuana Ilmu Populer

Haruyama, S. 2013. The Miracle of Endorphin. Bandung: Qanita

Intisari. 2004. Pengobatan Alternatif. Jakarta: PT Gramedia

Kerthyasa, T.G. 2013. Sehat Alami Secara Holistik. Bandung: Qanita

Kleinman, A. 1980. Patients and Healers ain the Context of Culture. Berkeley: University of California

Mejer, J. 2013. Diversity of Medical Discourses and Their Impact Upon Individuals Narrative About Illness in West Sumatra. Komunitas: Research & Learning in Sociology and Anthropology, 4 (1): 128-137.

Muyosaro, P. 2012. Terapi Air Putih. Jakarta: Dunia Sehat

Pranoto, A. 2000. Saatnya Dukun Bicara. Yogyakarta: Galang Press

Praworo, K. 2011. Terapi Medipic, Medical Picture. Jakarta: Penebar Plus

Sanyoto, W.K. 1995. Praktek Aneka Penyembuhan. Pekalongan: Bahagia

Sciortino, R. 1999. Menuju Kesehatan Madani. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar

Supandi, S. & Susyanty, A.L. 2010. Penggunaan Obat Tradisional Dalam Upaya Pengobatan Sendiri di Indonesia (Analisis Data Susenas Tahun 2007). Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan, 38: 80-89

Stratern, A. & Steward, P.J. 1999. Curing and Healing, Medical Anthropology in Global Perspective. Durham: Carolina Academic Press

The Center of Integrative Medicine at Duke University. 2006. Encyclopedia of New Medicine

Tamtomo, D. 2012. Keajaiban Kerikan, Murah, Mudah, manjur dan Mesra. Yogyakarta: Citra Aji Parama

Triratnawati, A. 2010. Pengobatan Tradisional, Upaya Meminimalkan Biaya Kesehatan Masyarakat Desa di Jawa. Manajemen Pelayanan Kesehatan, 13 (2): 69-73

_________. 2011. Masuk Angin dalam Konteks Kosmologi Jawa, Humaniora, 23 (3): 326-335

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.