Livelihood Strategy of Coastal Community: A Case Study in Tanjung Saleh Islands, Kubu Raya District, Indonesia

Jajat Sudrajat

Abstract

This study is intended to identify the characteristic of livelihood strategy and to formulate the exit strategy from poverty trap in a coastal community. This study was done in Tanjung Saleh islands, one from 39 islands at Kubu Raya District, West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. Data were collected by depth interviews, group interviews, observation, and literature study. The results of this study show that the livelihood strategies at Tanjung Saleh islands can be identified into five types: (a) the strategy that relied on the natural resources extraction, (b) traditional agriculture cultivation strategy, (c) household worker utilization strategy, (d) migration strategy, and (e) institutional strategy. The institutional strategy is categorized as exit strategy from poverty trap meanwhile the other strategies are categorized as survival strategy. Fact in the field shows that institutional strategy and the role of women are important factor to support the fishermen household livelihood system. There are two institutions often utilized in fishermen community, arisan (rotational saving and credit association) custom and patron client relationships between fishermen and village traders. Through the utilizing of social capital on both institutions, the fishermen household can access financial capital effectively. Therefore, the nurturing of social capital and the role of women must be considered in arrangement of sustainable livelihood strategies in fishermen community.

Keywords

livelihood strategy; fishermen; social capital; arisan

Full Text:

FULLTEXT PDF

References

Anwar, S.J., L.M. Kolopaking, R.A. Kinseng, and A.V.S. Hubeis. 2014. The impact of State Intervention on Social Capital of Fishermen Community in Small Islands. Jurnal Komunitas. 6(2): 246 259.

Dharmawan, A.H. 2007. Sistem Penghidupan dan Nafkah Pedesaan: Pandangan Sosiologi Nafkah Mazhab Barat dan Mazhab Bogor. Sodality: Jurnal Transdisiplin Sosiologi, Komunikasi, dan Ekologi Manusia. 1(2): 169-192.

Ellis, F. 1998. Household Strategies and Rural Livelihood Diversification. Journal of Development Studies 35(1): 1-38.

Febrianto, P.T. and Rahardjo. 2005. Eksploitasi Hubungan Pandega-Juragan dalam Moderenisasi Perikanan Tangkap di Desa Grajagan, Kecamatan Purwohardjo, Kabupaten Banyuwangi. Sosiosains. 18(2): 325 339.

Hasbullah, J. 2006. Social Capital: Menuju Keunggulan Budaya Manusia Indonesia. Jakarta: MR-United Press.

Idrus, M. 2009. Metode Penelitian Ilmu Sosial Pendekatan Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif. Edisi Kedua. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Nadjib, M. 2001. Aspek Sosial Budaya dalam Pengembangan Ekonomi Masyarakat Wilayah Pesisir. Pp. 115-136 in Pengembangan Potensi Sosial Ekonomi Masyarakat Wilayah Pesisir Berkelanjutan, edited by Z. Ismail. Jakarta: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Ekonomi Pembangunan-Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia.

Narayan, D. and L. Pritchett. 1999. Cent and Sociability: Household Income and Social Capital in Rural Tanzania. Economic Development and Cultural Change. 47(4): 871 897.

Pollnac, R.B. 1988. Karakteristik Sosial Budaya dalam Pengembangan Perikanan Berskala Kecil. Pp. 239-283 in Mengutamakan Manusia di dalam Pembangunan: Variabel-variabel Sosiologi dalam Pembangunan Pedesaan, edited by Michael M. Cernea. Jakarta: UI Press.

Reardon, T., J. Berdegue, and G. Escobar. 2001. Rural Non Farm Employment and Income in Latin America: Overview and Policy Implications. World Development. 29(3): 395 409.

Rupasingha, A. and S.J. Goetz. 2007. Social and Political Forces as Determinant of Poverty: A Spatial Analysis. The Journal Socio-Economic. 36: 650671.

Rustinsyah. 2011. Hubungan Patron-Klien di Kalangan Petani Desa Kebonrejo. Jurnal Masyarakat Kebudayaan dan Politik. 24(2):176 182.

Satria, A. 2002. Pengantar Sosiologi Masyarakat Pesisir. Jakarta: Cidesindo.

Scott, J.C. 1976. The Moral Economy of The Peasant: Rebellion and Subsistence in Southeast Asia. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Soubbotina, T.P. and K.A. Sheram. 2000. Beyond Economic Growth Meeting the Challenges of Global Development. Washington D.C.: The World Bank.

Statistic Bureau of Kubu Raya District. 2014. Sungai Kakap Sub District in Figure 2014. Kubu Raya: Statistic Bureau of Kubu Raya District.

Sudrajat, J. 2013. Potensi dan Problematika Pengembangan Wilayah Pesisir di Kalimantan Barat. Journal Social Economic of Agriculture. 2(1): 29 41.

Wilson, P.N. 2000. Social Capital, Trust, and the Agribusiness of Economics. Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics .25(1):1-13.

Yusuf, S.A. 2008. Social Capital and Household Welfare in Kwara State, Nigeria. Journal of Human Ecology. 23(3): 219-229.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.